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Flashcards in Reproductive Health Terms Deck (36):
1

any of various glands that have no duct and pour their secretions directly into the lymph or blood circulating through them -- called also ductless gland

Endocrine Glands

2

a product of living cells that circulates in body fluids (as blood) that stimulates other body cells to do something

Hormones

3

a small oval endocrine organ located at the base of the brain that produces various hormones that regulate especially growth and reproduction

Pituitary gland

4

pair of glandular pouches that lie one on either side of the male reproductive tract and in the human male secrete a sugar- and protein-containing fluid into the ejaculatory duct

Seminal vesicle

5

n organ found in men and male animals that produces the liquid in which sperm is carried. This gland increases in size and can sometime develop cancer. Normal screening reduces cancer risks.

Prostate Gland

6

either of two small glands lying on either side of the male urethra below the prostate gland and discharging a secretion into the semen that neutralizes conditions inside urethra.

Cowper’s gland

7

a sperm-carrying duct in the male beginning at the epididymis and eventually joins the duct of the seminal vesicle to form the ejaculatory duct

Vas deferens

8

male reproductive glands that produces sperm and secretes testosterone and is contained in the scrotum.

Testis

9

a system of ducts leading from the testis that holds sperm during maturation before uniting into the vas deferens

Epididymis

10

Cancer of the testicles usually occurring between ages 15-35

Testicular cancer

11

usually two organs in women and female animals that produce eggs and female hormones

Ovaries

12

a female egg cell

Ovum

13

he organ in women in which babies develop before birth

Uterus

14

one mutually faithful sexual partner

Monogamy

15

spreading disease from mother to baby

Vertical transmission (HIV)

16

one egg leaving a woman’s ovary once a month

Ovulation

17

either of the pair of tubes that carry the egg from the ovary to the uterus

Fallopian tubes

18

the mucous membrane lining the uterus

Endometrium

19

a discharging of blood, secretions, and tissue debris from the uterus that occurs when a women’s egg is not fertilized. This occurs typically every 25-28 days

Menstruation

20

the narrow end at the opening of a woman's uterus

Cervix

21

a serious illness that is caused by bacteria and occurs especially in women who use tampons

Toxic shock syndrome

22

union of egg and sperm

Fertilization

23

the developing human individual from the time of implantation to the end of the eighth week after conception

Embryo

24

a membrane forming a fluid-filled cavity (the amniotic sac) that encloses the embryo

Amniotic sac

25

a long, narrow tube that connects an unborn baby to the placenta of its mother

Umbilical cord

26

relating to pregnant women and their unborn babies

Prenatal care

27

a test of amniotic fluid to check the health of the baby before he/she is born

Amniocentesis

28

a photograph of a woman's breasts made by X-rays used to check for abnormally growing lumps

Mammogram

29

Pandemic is a world wide spread of a disease and epidemic is a regional outbreak of disease (upper Midwest influenza outbreak)

Pandemic vs Epidemic

30

inability to conceive (males and females both)

Sterility

31

synthetic progesterone that stops ovulation and increases cervical mucus

Progestin

32

female sex hormone that prepares the endometrium for implantation of the newly fertilized egg

Progesterone

33

hormone that is responsible for the development of female secondary sex characteristics and promote the growth and maintenance of the female reproductive system

Estrogen

34

stimulates especially the contraction of uterine muscle and the secretion of milk

Oxytocin

35

a hormone that stimulates the growth of the ovum-containing follicles in the ovary and that activates sperm-forming cell

Follicle Stimulating Hormone

36

is a hormone produced by the cells that surround the growing human embryo; these cells will eventually go on to form the placenta.

Human Chorionic Gonadotropic hormone