Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Reproductive System Deck (91):
1

testie

male gonads

2

how many testies are there

2

left is lower

3

scrotum

covers testie

4

raphae

raised epithelium tisse where they grow together

5

dartos muscle

contracts testies

down for heat
up for cold

6

why do the testies have to contract?

to keep the sperm alive because they die if they are too hot or too cold

7

cremaster muscle

holds testies to the body
attached to pelvic area

8

lobules

houses semineferous tubules in testies

9

semineferous tubules

cells spermatagonia are found here

10

what are the reproductive cells called

spermatagonia

11

what is the important thing that spermatagonia does

mitosis and meiosis

12

spermatogenesis

produces sperm

13

rete teste

where semineferous tubules meet

14

what are the specific muscles that contract the testies

cremaster and dartos

15

epididymis

sperm is stored and matures

16

the 3 parts of the sperm

head
midpiece
tail

17

head of sperm

dna - 23 chromosomes

18

what is the enzyme that covers the head of the sperm

acrosome enzyme

breaks croma radiata

19

midpiece of sperm

mitochondria

20

tail of sperm is called the

flagella

21

gonads

place that produces sex cell

22

inguinal canal

what blood supply travels thru to get to male genitals

23

homolagus

same orgin, different function

24

the glands of the penis and the clit of a female are

homolagus

25

fellopian tubes and vas deferenes are

homolagus

26

ovaries and testies are

homolagus

27

scrotum and labia majora are

homolagus

28

inguinal hernia

intestines come out of inguinal canal

29

hernia

when abdominal contents comes out of abdominal cavity

30

ejaculatory ducts is made of what

seminal vesicle duct and vas deference

31

ejaculatory duct merges with what

urethra

32

what are the parts of the urethra

prostatic urethra
membraneous
spongy/cavernous

33

prostatic urethra

travels thru prostate

34

membraneous urethra

leaving body
horizontal

35

spongy/cavernous urethra

shaft of penis

36

accessory glands make up what

seminal fluid

37

what are the 3 accessory glands

seminal vesicle
prostate
bulbourethral/cowpers gland

38

inguinal canal is what

a weakened spot

39

what is another name for vas deference

seminal duct
ductus deference

40

what is it called when all the tubes come together

spermatic cord

41

function of vas deference

carries sperm to urethra

42

seminal vesicle gland is what compared to the bladder

inferior and lateral

43

what is the duct that is in the seminal vesicle gland

the seminal vesicle duct

44

what does the seminal vesicle duct merge with

vas deference to form the ejaculatory duct

45

what is the function of the seminal vesicle gland

gives energy (fructose)

46

prostate glad function

adds enzymes

adds citric acid and acid phosphitese

47

what is another name for cowpers gland

bulbourethral gland

48

what is the function of the cowpers/bulbourethral gland

neutralizes by secreting alcaline

49

urtethra

where the reproductive system takes over urinary system

50

what makes up spemen

seminal fluid from accessory glands and sperm

51

preejaculent

secretion from bulbourethral/cowpers gland

neutralize for sperm

52

gland

head of penis

53

corona

shaft meets glands

54

another name for foreskin

prepuce

55

cryptorchiadism

when young male's testies don't drop and doctors have to surgically do it

56

spermatic chord is made of

vas deference
seminal duct
artery
vein
lymph
nerve cremaster

57

what does penis do

intermediate organ to get penis into vagina

58

hiatal hernia

diaphragm

59

ejaculant is

60% from seminal vesicle fluid

60

erection

cause by blood flow

61

gonad of female

ovaries

62

another name for ova

ovum
ooaye

63

oogenesis

makeing of ova

64

fallopian tube

take egg to uterus

65

what is another name for fallopian tube

uterine tube
oviduct

66

vagina

birth canal

for mestral flow

67

volva is also called

peudenum

68

volva is the

external genetilia

69

mesovarian ligament

holds ovaries and uterus to broad ligament

70

broad ligament

holds ovaries and uterus

71

ovulation

releasing of eggs

72

fimbrae

fingerlike projections that help ovum get inside fallopian tube

73

fertilization

happens in fallopian tube

74

isthmus

fallopian tube meets top of uterus

75

ampula

longest part of fallopian tube

76

fundus

top portion of uterus

77

cervix

opening of uterus

78

what are the 3 parts of the opening of the uterus

perimetrium
myometrium
enometrium

79

endometrium does what

comes off during ovulation

80

projesteron

causes endometrium to fluff off

81

ectopic pregnancy

outside uterus pregnancy

82

endmetriosis

disease of endometrium cells

83

hymin

made of mucus

84

momns pubis

fat filled

85

greater vestibular glands is also called

bartholins

86

what does the greater vestibular glands do

create mucus

87

prolactin

produces milki

88

oxytocin

actual milk let down

89

episiotomy

babies head is too big and phenial skin is cut

90

apartial historectomy

1 side

91

analogus

different orgin, same function