Flashcards in Research methods (have done on paper cards!) Deck (17):
What is a hypothesis?
A precise testable statement
What is a variable?
Anything that can change within an investigation
What is an independent variable?
the thing that is manipulated by the researcher (the variable that changes between conditions)
What is a dependent variable?
The variable measured by the researcher (any changes in the DV should be caused by the IV)
What are order effects?
A change in participants attitude to the task due to the order of the tasks
What are participant variables?
the varying of characteristics between participants e.g. IQ
What are standardised procedures?
Formalised procedures used for all participants in a research study
What is random allocation?
(An attempt to control for participant variables in an independent groups design;) which ensures that each pp has the same chance of being in one condition as any other
What is counterbalancing?
An attempt to control for order effects; half of the pps experience the conditions in one order and the other half in the opposite order
What are standardised instructions?
Formalised instructions used for all participants in a study
What is randomisation?
Use of chance in order to control for the effects of bias when designing materials and deciding the order of conditions
What is objectivity?
An unbiased view of a researcher upon the results of the results/data collected in the study itself
What is raw data?
Unmanipulated data (data straight from the experiment)
What is an anomalous result?
A result that does not fit the pattern of the other data - an outlying result
What is a pilot study?
A small scale trial run- will highlight extraneous variables and any issues
What is a confederate?
An individual in a study who is not a real pp, has been instructed how to behave by the investigator/experimenter. They can even act as the IV