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Flashcards in Resisting Social Influence Deck (19):
1

What are the 2 explanations for resisting social influence?

Locus of Control
Social Support

2

Who discovered locus of control?

Rotter

3

Define locus of control

Refers to a person's perception of control over their behaviour

4

Describe characteristics of those with a high internal locus of control

Can resist social influence
Behaviour is caused by their own decisions/efforts

5

Describe characteristics of high externals

Cannot resist social influence
Behaviour is due to fate, luck, other external circumstances

6

Strengths of locus of control

R.S. many studies found that high internals are able to resist social influence

7

What is a useful application of locus of control explanation?

Training can be offered to high externals to become more confident and use initiative. We can equip them with skills to resist social influence.

8

What is an opposing argument of locus of control?

Bickman suggests that uniform could be another factor in resistance

9

What is another weakness of locus of control?

Deterministic explanation. In real life, it depends on the consequences as to whether they do/don't resist social influence.

10

Is locus of control a situational or dispositional explanation?

Dispositional

11

Is social support a situational or dispositional explanation?

Situational

12

Explain social support

It is easier to resist social influence is we have someone else who also isn't conforming.

13

What study supports social support as an explanation for resisting conformity?

Asch (unanimity variation: dissenters)

14

Describe social support as an explanation for obedience

If others are disobeying an authority figure, we feel less compelled to obey because the peers are acting as role models, leading to imitation from others.

15

What variation of Milgram's study supports social support as an explanation for obedience?

2 peers rebel

16

Which other study supports social support as an explanation for obedience?

Rank + Jacobson

17

Strengths of social support

Research Support: Asch, Milgram

Applications: Historical events e.g. London riots

18

Weaknesses of social support

OP.A. Rotter: Dispositional explanation

19

What is a theory limitation of social support?

Implies people can't resist social influence when they are alone, therefore not a complete explanation. Locus of control is therefore a better explanation.