Flashcards in Resisting Social Influence Deck (19):
What are the 2 explanations for resisting social influence?
Locus of Control
Who discovered locus of control?
Define locus of control
Refers to a person's perception of control over their behaviour
Describe characteristics of those with a high internal locus of control
Can resist social influence
Behaviour is caused by their own decisions/efforts
Describe characteristics of high externals
Cannot resist social influence
Behaviour is due to fate, luck, other external circumstances
Strengths of locus of control
R.S. many studies found that high internals are able to resist social influence
What is a useful application of locus of control explanation?
Training can be offered to high externals to become more confident and use initiative. We can equip them with skills to resist social influence.
What is an opposing argument of locus of control?
Bickman suggests that uniform could be another factor in resistance
What is another weakness of locus of control?
Deterministic explanation. In real life, it depends on the consequences as to whether they do/don't resist social influence.
Is locus of control a situational or dispositional explanation?
Is social support a situational or dispositional explanation?
Explain social support
It is easier to resist social influence is we have someone else who also isn't conforming.
What study supports social support as an explanation for resisting conformity?
Asch (unanimity variation: dissenters)
Describe social support as an explanation for obedience
If others are disobeying an authority figure, we feel less compelled to obey because the peers are acting as role models, leading to imitation from others.
What variation of Milgram's study supports social support as an explanation for obedience?
2 peers rebel
Which other study supports social support as an explanation for obedience?
Rank + Jacobson
Strengths of social support
Research Support: Asch, Milgram
Applications: Historical events e.g. London riots
Weaknesses of social support
OP.A. Rotter: Dispositional explanation