Flashcards in resp 615 - 621 Deck (27):
name 4 types of pneumothorax
clinical symptoms of pneumothorax?
unilateral chest pain
unilateral chest expansion
dec tactile fremitus
diminished breath sounds
what type of pneumothorax is due to rupture of apical blebs or cysts?
what type of pleural effusion is also known as chylothorax?
lymphatic pleural effusion
2 causes of lymphatic (chylothorax) effusions?
duct injury from trauma, malignancy
what content is high in chylothorax?
what type of familial dyslipidemias also have inc TG?
type 1 (high chylomicrons), type 4 (high VLDL)
what resp drug is M3 agonist?
what is an antitussive that antagonizes NMDA glutamate receptor?
what is a synthetic codeine analog?
name 4 2nd generation H1 blockers?
loratadine, fexofenadine, desloratadine, cetirizine
name 3 1st generation H1 blockers
diphenhydramine, dimenhydrinate, chlorpheniramine
name 3 anaerobes that can cause lung abscess
bacteriodes, fusobacterium, peptostreptococcus
3 severe consequences of sup. vena cava syndrome
inc risk of aneurysm/rupture of intracranial arteries
name 3 bugs that cause lobar pneumonia
S. pneumoniae (95%)
what is bronochopneumonia?
acute inflammatory infiltrates from bronchioles into adjacent alveoli, patchy distribution involving more than 1 lobe
4 bugs that cause bronchopneumonia?
name 7 agents that cause interstitial (atypical) pneumonia
influenza, CMV, RSV, adenoviruses
Mycoplasma, Legionella, Chlamydia
treatment for lung abscess?
what lung path can cause sensorimotor deficit and hoarsness?
pancoast tumor (superior sulcus tumor)
5 risk factors for lung cancer
smoking, second hand smoking, radon, asbestos, family hx
name 5 complications of lung cancer
superior vena cava syndrome
recurrent laryngeal nerve compression (hoarseness)
effusions (pleural or pericardia)
what lung cancer is associated with kulchitsky cells (small dark blue cells)?
small cell carcinoma
what lung cancers are + chromogranin A?
bronchial carcinoid tumor
what lung cancer is associated with myc oncogene amplification?
small cell carcinoma of the lung can produce 2 types of antibodies, what are they?
1. Ab against presynaptic Ca2+
2. Ab against neuron that can lead to paraneoplastic myelitis/encephalitis