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Flashcards in Respi Deck (55)
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What is the difference between a carotid body and a carotid sinus?

Carotid body: chemoreceptor

Carotid sinus: baroreceptor

1

What color is air on an xray?

Black "radiolucent"

2

What color is fluid/ solid on xray?

White "radiopaque"

3

What disease has a steeple sign on neck film?

Croup

4

What disease has a thumb sign on neck film?

Epiglottitis

5

What is a blue bloater?

Bronchitis

6

What is pink puffer?

Emphysema

7

What disease have pulmonary eosinophilia?

Aspergillosis, Strongyloides

8

What drugs cause pulmonary eosinophilia?

Nitrofurantoin, Sulfonamides

9

What are the risk factors for lung cancer?

Smoking, Radon, 2nd hand smoke, Pneumoconiosis (except anthracosis)

10

What disease have hemoptysis?

Bronchiectasis, bronchitis, pneumonia, TB, lung cancer

11

Where is a Bokdalek hernia?

Back of diaphragm

12

Where is a Morgagni hernia?

Middle of diaphragm

13

What disease have respiratory alkalosis?

Restrictive Lung Dz (anxiety, pregnancy, Gram -, sepsis, PE)

14

What disease have respiratory acidosis?

Obstructive Lung Dz

15

What disease have metabolic alkalosis?

Low Volume State (vomiting, diuretics, GI blood loss)

16

What disease have metabolic acidosis?

Acid production (MUDPILES, RTA II, diarrhea)

17

What does stridor tell you?

Extrathoracic narrowing => narrows when breathe in => neck xray

18

What does wheezing tell you?

Intrathoracic narrowing => narrows when breath out => chest xray

19

What does rhonchi tell you?

Mucus in the airway => obstructive lung disease

20

What does grunting tell you?

Blows collapsed alveoli open => restrictive lung disease

21

What does dull percussion tell you?

Something b/w airspace and chest wall absorbing sound (fluid or solid)

22

What does hyperresonance tell you?

Air in lungs

23

What does tracheal deviation tell you?

Away from pneumothorax or toward atelectasis "air phobic"

24

What does fremitus, egophony and bronchophony tell you?

Consolidation => pathognomonic for pneumonia

25

What is restrictive lung disease?

Small stiff lungs, trouble breathing in

26

What is Obstructive lung disease?

Big mucus-filled lungs, trouble breathing out

27

What is Epiglottitis?

Xray thumb sign, drooling

28

What is Croup?

Xray steeple sign, barking cough

29

What is tracheitis?

Look toxic, grey, pseudomembrane, leukocytosis

30

What is Asthma?

Wheeze on expiration, IgE, eosinophils

31

What is Bronchiolitis?

Asthma in kids < 2 y/o

32

What is Sinusitis?

Teeth pain worse with bending forward

33

What is Bronchiectasis?

Bad breath, purulent sputum, hemoptysis

34

What is Bronchitis?

Lots of sputum, "blue boater"

35

What is Emphysema?

Restrictive to obstructive pattern, "pink puffer"

36

What is Laryngomalacia?

Epiglottis roll in from side to side

37

What is Pneumonia?

Consolidation of airway

38

What is Pneumothorax?

Decreased breath sound on one side

39

How do you detect a Pulmonary Embolus?

Tachypnea, increased V/Q scan, EKG: S1 Q3 T3

40

What is tamponade?

Decreased breath sounds / BP; increased JVD

41

What is tracheomalacia?

Soft cartilage, stridor since birth

42

What is Cystic Fibrosis?

Meconium ileus, steatorrhea, bronchiectasis

43

What is Aspergillosis?

Allergy to mold, dead plants, compost piles

44

What is Asbestosis?

Shipyard workers, pipe fitters, brake mechanics, insulation install

45

What is Silicosis?

Sandblasters, glassblowers

46

What is Byssinosis?

Cotton workers, chest tightness

47

What is Beryliosis?

Radio, TV welders

48

What is Anthracosis?

Coal workers, massive fibrosis

49

What is Sarcoidosis?

Non caseating granulomas, eggshell calcification of lymph nodes

50

What is carcinoid syndrome?

Flushing, wheezing, diarrhea

51

what is small cell CA?

At carina, malignant, Cushing's, SIADH, SVC syndrome

52

What is Large cell CA?

Large stuff

53

What is squamous cell CA?

Smoker, high PTH, high Ca+2

54

What is Bronchoalveolar CA? Looks like pneumonia due to pneumoconiosis?

Looks like pneumonia; due to pneumoconiosis