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1st Year Buzzwords > Respiratory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory Deck (46)
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1

Stony dull percussion

Pleural effusion

2

Right-sided pleuritic chest pain

Pneumonia usually

3

ABCDE of pulmonary oedema?

Alveolar bats-wing shadows

Kerley B lines

Cardiomegaly

Dilated upper lobe vessels

Pleural effusions

4

CXR: "Ground glass appearance"

Pulmonary fibrosis

Newborn ARDS

5

Ziehl-Neelson stain is positive for acid-fast bacilli

TB

6

"Caseous necrosis"

TB

7

Apical disease / Assman focus

Secondary TB

8

Miliary tuberculosis

TB spread in the bloodstream

9

Positive for anti-glomerular basement membrane antibodies

Goodpasture's syndrome

10

Chest infection with parrot/pigeon as a pet

Chlamydophila psitacci atypical pneumonia

11

Dry cough + diarrhoea after holiday abroad, some indication of air conditioning / water spread

Legionella pneumoniae atypical pneumonia

12

Tall, young, thin man +/- drugs with chest pain and breathlessness

Pneumothorax

secondary to Marfan's syndrome

13

Bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy, erythema nodosum, granulomas, fatigue, uveitis, weight loss

Sarcoidosis

14

Bronchiole wider than neighbouring bronchioles on CT ("signet ring sign")

Bronchiectasis

15

"D sign" on CXR

Empyema

16

"Steeple sign" on CXR

Croup

17

Child with "barking" cough

Croup

18

HIV patient with pneumonia

(causal organism and treatment)

Pneumocystis spp.

Co-trimoxazole

19

Asthma + nasal polyps + salicylate sensitivity

Aspirin-induced asthma

(Samter's triad)

20

Alcoholic w/ pneumonia

(mechanism of infection + causal organism)

Aspiration

Klebsiella pneumoniae

 

21

"Red jelly sputum"

Klebsiella pneumonia

22

"Mucoid sputum"

Chlamydophila psitacci pneumonia

23

"Rusty sputum"

Pneumococcal (Streptococcus pneumoniaepneumonia

24

Cannonball metastates + weight loss + haematuria

Renal carcinoma

25

Morning headache

1. Hypercapnia

2. Nitrates

26

Secretes ACTH

Producing Cushing's syndrome

Small cell carcinoma

27

Secretes PTH

Squamous cell carcinoma

28

NEUROENDOCRINE and highly malignant

Small cell cancer

29

Increased serum ACE and Ca2+

Sarcoidosis

30

Eggshell calcification at hilar region

Silicosis