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Flashcards in Respiratory Deck (74):
1

apnea

cessation of breathing

2

asphyxia

impaired o2/co2 exchange (suffocation)

3

asthma

acute respiratory disorder w/ unusually sensitive conducting airways

4

bronchitis

inflammation of bronchial lining

5

copd acronym

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

6

copd explanation

temporary/permanent lung disease of bronchial tree; characterized by chronic bronchitis and chronic airway obstruction

7

dyspnea

labored breathing

8

epistaxis

nosebleed--moron

9

hypercapnia

high CO2 in blood

10

hypocapnia

low co2 in blood

11

influenza

viral infection of lungs (flu)

12

pleurisy

inflammation of pleurae and secretion of excess amounts of pleural fluid

13

sputum

mix of saliva and mucus coughed up from respiratory tract, often as result of infection

14

smallest delicate bronchioles and alveoli in lung

respiratory portion

15

structure opening to alveolar ducts

respiratory bronchioles

16

air that can be voluntarily expelled at the end of the normal quiet respiratory cycle is called

expiratory reserve volume (ERV)

17

which gas has highest partial pressure o2, co2, hydrogen, or nitrogen

nitrogen

18

active tissues get how many times more o2 than inactive

3x more

19

hering-breuer reflexes

inflation and deflation reflexes

20

compliance increase with age because of...

deterioration of elastic tissue

21

carina

break b/w left and right main/primary bronchus

22

thing that hangs in back of throat

uvula

23

what trap door thingy blocks trachea when eating

epiglottis- Bam!!

24

where does lower airway start?

trachea

25

muscle of breathing

diaphram

26

which chris is the greatest

your dad

27

what is chest cavity called

thoracic

28

when you inhale is diaphragm flexed or relaxed

relaxed

29

change in pressure leads to flow of...

air

30

what makes air rush into lungs

the outside air pressure

31

do cilia produce mucos

no, lower respiratory tract

32

what cells make surfactant

type 2 epithelial cells

33

cough receptors are located in what 2 places

carina and epiglottis

34

expiration is passive process or active process

passive

35

what does compliance mean in lung tissue?

ability to expand

36

what's smaller: alveoli or bronchioles?

alveoli

37

what is turkish saddle?

sella turcica

38

is epiglottis part of larynx?

yes

39

are vocal folds part of larynx?

yes

40

where is cribriform plate of ethmoid bone?

b/w nose and cranial vault

41

where are olfactory bulbs?

cribriform plate

42

plate separates left and right nostrils

septum

43

conchae-turbinates

2 pairs of hooks in nose to provide expansion

44

what tonsil in nasopharynx?

pharyngeal

45

what tonsil in oropharynx?

palatine

46

what tonsil at base of tongue?

lingual

47

another name for adenoids tonsils

pharyngeal

48

larynx sits b/t which vertebrae?

3 and 6

49

respiratory mucosa created by...

sutostratiftied ciliated columnar cells

50

slit b/t left and right vocal folds

rima glottidis

51

another name for fibrous

adventitia

52

levels of branching in lower respiratory tract

23

53

functions of surfactant (2)

1. reduce surface tension
2. prevents collapse

54

lines that separate lobes of lung

fissure

55

secondary also called

lobar

56

outer surface of organs...

visceral layer

57

5 causes of pnemonia

1. acute bacterial (streptococcus)
2. legionnaires legionella pneumophila
3. SARS
4. aspiration pneumonia
5. lobar/broncho pneumonia

58

SARS

severe acute respiratory syndrome

59

bacteria for TB

mycobacterium tuberculosis

60

another name for legions

tubercles

61

3 lower respiratory disorders

bronchitis, pneumonia, TB

62

pulmonary ventilation

process of air flowing into lungs during inspiration (inhalation) and out of lungs during expiration (exhalation)

63

tidal volume

lung volume representing normal volume of air displaced between normal inhalation and exhalation when extra effort is not applied

64

ERV

additional amount of air that can be expired from lungs by determined effort after normal expiration

65

inspiratory reserve volume

maximal amount of additional air that can be drawn into lungs by determined effort after normal inspiration

66

residual volume

volume of air still remaining in the lungs after most forcible expiration possible and amounting usually to 60-100 in.

67

minimal volume

volume where lungs will collapse

68

inspiratory capacity

total amount of air that can be drawn into lungs after normal expiration

69

functional residual capacity (FRC)

volume of air present in lungs at end of passive expiration

70

total lung volume

6 liters

71

dalton's law

mixture of non-reacting gases, total pressure exerted is equal to sum of partial pressures of individual gases

72

ideal gas

hypothetical gas whose molecules occupy negligible space and have no interactions, and that consequently obeys the gas laws exactly

73

boyle's law

pressure and volume of gas have an inverse relationship, when temperature is held constant

74

charles' law

experimental gas law that describes how gases tend to expand when heated