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Flashcards in Respiratory druuggss Deck (58)
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1

list the first gen H1 receptor inhibitors

diphenhydramine
dimenhydrinate
chlorpheniramine

2

used of first gen H1 receptor inhibitors

allergies
motion sickness
sleeping aid

3

side effect of first gen H1 receptor inhibitors

sedation
antimuscarinic
anti alpha adrenergic

4

diphenhydramie

H1 blocker

5

dimenhydrinate

H1 blocker

6

chlorpheniramie

H1 blocker

7

list the second gen H1 inhibitors

-DINE
loratadine
fexofenadine
desloratadine
cetirazine

8

use of second gen H1 inhibitors

allergy

9

side effects of second gen H1 inhibitors

less sedation than H1 because less CNS entry

10

loratadine

second gen Hi blocker

11

fexofenadine

second gen H1 blocker

12

desloratadine

second gen H1 blocker

13

cetirazine

second gen H1 blocker

14

list the expectorants

guaifenesin, N-acetylcysteine

15

MOA guaifenesin

expectorant - thins respiratory secretions, no suppression of cough reflex

16

MOA N-acetylcystiene

mucolytic - breaks disulfide bonds in mucos - used at CH
also used in acetaminophen OD

17

guaifenesin

expectorant

18

N-acetylcysteine

expectorant

19

list the antitussives

dextromethorphan

20

MOA dextromethrophan

antag NMDA glutamate receptors
codeine analoug

21

risks of dextromethrophan

mild opioid effects when used in excess
mildl abuse potntia
SEROTONIN SYNDROME if used with other serotonergic drugs

22

serotonin syndrome

dextromethrophan

23

naltrexone for od of?

destromethrophan

24

nasal decongestants please

pseudoephedrine
phenylephrine

25

MOA pseudephedrine, pheynlephrine

alpha agonists - vasoconstriction

26

reduce hyperemia use?

pseudephedrine, pheynlephrine

27

reduce edema use?

pseudephedrine, pheynlephrine

28

open obstructed Eustachian tubes use?

pseudephedrine, pheynlephrine

29

make methamphetamine?

pseudephedrine, pheynlephrine

30

toxicity includes: hypertension, CNS stimulation/anxiety

pseudephedrine, pheynlephrine