Flashcards in Respiratory Infections Deck (44):
Bird handlers are at risk for what Chlamydia disease?
What bacteria causes Psittacosis?
Give the most common cause of community-acquired typical pneumonia for children and adults
What is the most common cause of atypical pneumonia?
How is Hantavirus transmitted?
Inhalation of rat feces and/or urine
List two common treatments for strep throat/laryngitis/bronchitis. These affect the cell wall of the gram positive bacteria.
Less than __% of patients diagnosed with strep throat actually have it...
All of the following are caused by Group __ streptococcus: strep throat, scarlet fever, impetigo, toxic shock syndrome, cellulitis, necrotizing fasciitis
The bacteria responsible for causing streptococcal pharyngitis (strep throat)?
This bacterial disease is associated with sore throat, fever, a thick pseudomembrane in the back of the URT, and a characteristic “barking” cough.
The pathogen for Diphtheria?
MC pathogen of sinusitis and otitis media?
Other than streptococcus pneumoniae, what other bacteria often causes sinusitis and otitis media?
List the MCC of common colds
Enteroviruses infecting the nose are called?
The most common type of pneumonia?
A common thing done to diagnose pneumonia?
Called “walking pneumonia” because of it’s more mild symptoms
Legionnaires’ disease is also called?
The unique thing about these bacteria that cause Legionnaires’ disease are that they are the only type to grow on a buffered charcoal yeast extract agar (fluorescent)
Pathogen for tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis has 3 types. List them:
This type of TB involves the formation of small hard nodules (tubercles), and can remain dormant for years
A ruptured tubercle reestablishes active infection. This type of TB occurs in a previously infected patient
In this type of TB macrophages carry bacterium via lymph nodes and blood to a variety of sites throughout the body (meaning the bacteria can survive and grow in these macrophages).
Tuberculosis is diagnosed by a tuberculin skin test called ___ for short
In a PPD test for TB, if the area of induration (skin reaction) is __mm in immunocompromised patients, they are positive for TB. __mm in infants, elderly, homeless, recent immigrants, alcoholics, health care workers, and prisoners is considered positive (they are high risk), while __mm in the population not belonging to the other two groups is considered positive.
5, 10, 15
What age group is most seriously affected by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)?
The infectious agent of Pertussis (whooping cough)
Pathogen for anthrax?
This disease most commonly affects animal handlers. It is characterized by localized itching followed by a raised lesion that forms a painless black eschar within 7-10 days
The pathogen contains glycoproteins spikes. Mutations in genes coding for these spikes are responsible for the production of new strains of the virus.
Aspirin must be avoided when a person is infected with influenza virus due to the possible complication of becoming ___ syndrome
SARS stands for?
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
The pathogen for SARS?
The most common pediatric respiratory disease?
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)
__% of Bronchiolitis cases in children are caused by RSV
This respiratory disease is characterized by EXPIRATORY wheezing (prolonged expirations). Usually in a child <2 years old
Mycotic diseases are ____ infections
“Valley fever” is common in the southwest US and Mexico. This lower tract disease is called?
This is common in the southern central US (Mississippi valley). Flu-like sx. Fungus spreads causing painless lesions in the face and body.
Blastomycosis (Blastomycosis dermatitidis)
This is the most common fungal systemic disease. It is common in the eastern US/Ohio river valley. Sever coughing with blood-tinged sputum and skin lesions.
Pathogen for histoplasmosis?