Respiratory Microbiology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Respiratory Microbiology Deck (12):
1

Host Defences in the Nasopharynx:

Nasal hairs
Ciliated epithelia
IgA

2

Host Defences in the Oropharynx

Saliva
Sloughing
Cough

3

Gram positive colonisation of URT (3)

strep. pneumonia
strep. pyogenes
staph. aureus

4

Gram neg. colonisation of URT (2)

Haemophilus Influenzae
Moraxella catharalis

5

Common cause of acute epiglottitis

haemophilus influenzae B

6

Treatment of choice for acute epiglottitis

ceftriaxone

7

Ceftriaxone is a...

cephalosporin

8

Cephalosporins are _________ and act by _________

bactericidal and act by inhibiting cell wall synthesis

9

host defences in the conducting airway (4)

mucociliary escalator
cough
AMPs
Cellular and humoral immunity

10

common bacteria in Acute exacerbation of COPD:

haemophilus influenzae
moraxella catarrhalis
strep. pneumoniae

11

1st line treatment in acute exacerbation of COPD

amoxicillin 500mg TDS (5 days)

12

2nd line treatment in acute exacerbation of COPD

doxycycline 200mg D1 > 100mg D2-5