Respiratory System Flashcards Preview

BIO 205 pt 3 > Respiratory System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory System Deck (20):
1

the system of the body concerned with gas transport

respiratory system

2

__________: concerned with the movement of gases from the outer environment through the respiratory tubes to the lungs

conductive phase

3

____________: concerned with the exchange of O2 and CO2 between the blood and the air sacs of the lungs

gas exchange phase

4

order that air passes from outer environment to the lungs:

nasal cavity/oral cavity
pharynx
larynx
trachea
bronchus
lung

5

cartilaginous and membranous tube extending from the larynx above, to the point at which it bifurcates into 2 primary bronchi before
called the _________
_____ cm in length
composed of a series of 16 to 20 C-shaped rings of _______ cartilage

trachea
windpipe
15
hyaline

6

the trachea terminates by bifurcating onto 2 ___________

primary bronchi

7

the _______ primary bronchus
it is _________, ________, and straighter
______ cm in length
divides into _____ secondary bronchi

right
shorter, wider
2.5
3

8

3 secondary bronchi will divide into a number of ____________ that will supply ____________
they are separated from each other by ___________ that prevent diffusion of air from 1 segment to another

tertiary bronchi, bronchopulmonary segments
connective tissue septa

9

_____ primary bronchus
smaller in calliber but twice as _______ as the _____
____ cm in length
divides into ______ secondary bronchi

left, long, right
5
2

10

objects falling through the trachea would most likely lodge in the _____ primary bronchus since it is more in line with the trachea

right

11

________ are much smaller and more numerous than bronchi
do not require _______ in their walls to keep them from collapsing on inspiratory movements

bronchioles, cartilage

12

terminal bronchioles in turn divide into _____________
very short tubes composed of ____________ and _________
a few ________ bud off these and are the reason why these bronchioles are termed this
they branch and radiate conelike into _____ to _____ alveolar ducts

respiratory bronchioles
smooth muscle, connective tissue
alveoli
2, 11

13

the _________ are long, thin-walled tubes of connective tissue and smooth muscle
from these arise single _________ and _______ containing 2 or more ______

alveolar ducts
alveoli, alveolar sacs, alveoli

14

at the level of ________, there is no longer any ________ or ________
all that remain is a thin layer of ________ and ________
the most conspicuous feature is the prescence of numerous ______ adjacent to them
the _________ plus the _________ make the respiratory ________

alveoli
cartilage, smooth muscle
epithelium, connective tissue
capillaries
alveolar wall, capillary wall, membrane

15

_____ surface of the lung: the surface adjacent to the thoracic wall

costal

16

______ surface of the lung: the part of the lung adjacent o the upper surface of the diaphragm, this surface is ________

diaphragmatic, concave

17

_________ surface of the lung: that part of the lung adjacent to the heart and other thoracic organs
presents a locus, the _______, where all structures that will enter or leave the lung will pass

medial, hilus

18

the name that is given collectively to all of the structures that enter or leave the lung at the hills is the ____________
structures forming the root are the
___________: a branch of the pulmonary trunk that will bring _________ blood from the ______ to the ______
_____________: carries _________ blood from the _______ to the ______
_________: branch of the trachea, serves as a passageway for ______

root of the lung
pulmonary arteries, deoxygenated, heart, lung
pulmonary veins, oxygenated, lung, heart
primary bronchus, air

19

the right lung has two fissures:
__________ and _________
subdivide the lung into 3 lobes:

oblique and horizontal
upper, middle, lower

20

the left lung has one fissure:
_________
subdivides into 2 lobes:

oblique
upper and lower