Restorative Art II Test 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Restorative Art II Test 1 Deck (136):
1

the relationship of the size of one feature as compared with another feature… or with the width or length of the face

proportion

2

vertical equals

length

3

horizontal equals

width

4

the vertical measurement of a part of a feature

height

5

The value of the study of facial proportions

1. Notes similarities in size of facial features
2. Notes differences in size relationships

6

EVERYTHING is guided by....

proportions

7

the most common geometric head shape

oval

8

imaginary parallel lines...one at top of head and one at base of chin

length of the head

9

top of head is also called

vertex

10

extends across the corners of eyes

midline of the length of head

11

dimension from tip of nose to greatest protrusion of back of head is equal to___________________

size of the length of head

12

average adult's height is.....

7.5 - 8 head lengths

13

distance from the root of the nose to the base of the wing of the nose is equal to _______________

length of the first two joints of the index finger

14

vertical distance from the base of the nose to the line of closure of the lips is equal to ______________

distance from the tip of the index finger to the first joint

15

measured from normal hairline to the base of the chin...including the ears.

face

16

what is crucial to restorative art?

the ears

17

the width of the face is equal to______________

two-thirds (2/3) of the length of the face

18

the face is divided into ______ measurements to determine the entire length of the face.

1/3

19

the lower 1/3 of the face can be divided into ____ equal lengths.

3

20

the lower 1/3 of the face is divided into what parts?

1. Base of nose
2. Line of lip closure
3. Top of chin
4. Base of chin

21

Divide the face in 3 equal parts by drawing lines through the.....

1. hairline
2. eyebrows
3. base of nose
4. base of chin

22

divide the face in 2 equal halves by drawing a line at the...

1. Vertex of the cranium
2. Line of eye closure
3. Base of the chin

23

the widest part of the head is measured by the __________

distance between the two parietal eminences

24

the face is ____ noses long

3

25

the length of the nose is equal to___________

length of the ear

26

the width of the nose at the wings is equal to __________

the width of an eye

27

the face is _____ eyes wide from __________ to _________________

5
zygomatic arch
zygomatic arch

28

the distance between the eyes is equal to_______________

the width of ONE eye

29

the mouth is _____ eyes wide

2

30

the superior border of the ear is on the same ____________________________

horizontal plane as the eyebrows

31

the inferior border of the ear is on the same ______________________________

horizontal plane as the base of the nose

32

the face is ___ ears long

3

33

4 facial features that are used as units of measurements for the face.

1. head
2. nose
3. eyes
4. ear

34

Sanders states..."when using the ________ as a unit of measure, hold the ____________ parallel to the __________.

index finger
thumb
index finger

35

the distance from the tip of the thumb to the tip of the finger is equal to ______

1. length of the ear
2. length of the nose
3. normal hairline to root of nose
4. base of nose to bottom of chin

36

the basic dimensional unit or width measurement is.......

one eye

37

to reveal asymmetry it is a good idea to invert the photo when doing a RA to get a new perspective

concept of inversion

38

Surface that lies at right angle to source of illumination.

Highlights

39

Surface that DOES NOT lie at right angle to source of illumination.

Shadow

40

types of lighting...

1. normal
2. directional
3. flat

41

lighting from above (no special placement of lights)

Normal lighting

42

lighting pointing directly (special placement of lights...purposeful)

Directional lighting

43

typically from a flash...very dark then a flash of light

flat lighting

44

in facial profiles ____________ or ______________ will be very important

degree
projection

45

most common profile form

convex

46

least common profile form

concave

47

standard basic profile form

vertical

48

forehead tends to be level with chin & upper lip

vertical

49

forehead tends to recede as well as the chin...looks like a rounded ball.

convex

50

forehead tends to protrude as well as the chin...looks like punched in center of face.

concave

51

the ___________ is not included in our discussion on facial forms

nose

52

a person can also have a ____________ facial profile

combination

53

three basic facial profile forms

1. convex
2. concave
3. vertical

54

what 3 things form the VERTICAL PROFILE?

1. forehead
2. upper lip area
3. chin

55

the forehead will be described in its direction from the _________ going up.

eyebrows

56

the chin is described in its relationship to the _____________

upper lip

57

there are ____ profile combinations

6

58

profile combinations are in what order as far as terms?

Forehead first
Chin second

59

6 types of profile combinations

1. convex-concave
2. concave-convex
3. vertical-convex
4. vertical-concave
5. convex-vertical
6. concave-vertical

60

Forehead recedes and chin protrudes

Convex-concave

61

Forehead protrudes and chin recedes

Concave- convex

62

Forehead is straight and chin recedes

Vertical-convex

63

Forehead is straight and chin protrudes

Vertical-concave

64

Forehead recedes and chin is straight

Convex-vertical

65

Forehead protrudes and chin is straight

Concave-vertical

66

the form of the head does not stay consistent throughout _______

a lifetime

67

head shape is influenced by its _________

bony structure

68

to get a geometric head form, we take width measurements and in those measurements we look at the width of the ___________________ and put them together along with the ___________________

bi-parietal
bi-zygomatic
bi-mandibular

length of the head

69

types of geometric head shapes...

1. Oval shape
2. Round shape
3. Square shape
4. Triangular shape
5. Inverted triangular shape
6. Diamond shape
7. Oblong shape

70

most common head shape (cranium is slightly wider than jaws)

oval shape

71

also called infantine/infantile (cranium with maximum amount of curvature)

round shape

72

forehead is wide & angles of mandible (jaw “strong jaw”) are wide & low (has very little curvature)

square shape

73

least common (Wider at angles of mandible than at the forehead)

triangular shape

74

forehead is wider than mandible...narrows considerably. (Base is superior to the apex)

Inverted triangular shape

75

cheek bones wider than forehead and mandible. Narrows on top and bottom

Diamond shape

76

head is long and narrow throughout (almost rectangular)

Oblong shape

77

least common head shape

triangular

78

bilateral forms of the head & facial features

1. bilateral-two sides
2. bilateral differences
3. bilateral silhouette

79

two sides

bilateral

80

dissimilarities that exists between one side and another

bilateral differences

81

bilateral viewpoint of both sides (from top or bottom)

bilateral silhouette

82

features that exhibit asymmetry

1. Eyelids & Eyebrows
2. Ears (exhibit the greatest differences in position, form, & size)
3. Cheeks
4. Nose & Mouth (pay attention to line of closure on mouth)

83

Surfaces exhibiting a similarity of bilateral curvature:
These can all be seen in bilateral silhouette

1. Forehead
2. Cheeks
3. Superior Integumentary Lip
4. Chin (oval, round, angular, & square)

84

lack of symmetry, balance, or proportion

asymmetry

85

outline or surface form

contour

86

a hollow or shallow concave area in a surface

depressions

87

the silhouettes of the face from the side view

facial profiles

88

a photograph or painting in which the subject has been posted and lighted flatteringly by a professional photographer or artist.

professional portrait

89

side view of the human head

profile

90

act of throwing forward; a part extending beyond the level of its surroundings

projection

91

return of light waves from surfaces; the bending or folding back of a part upon itself

reflection

92

the process of taking in, as in a colored object which absorbs certain rays of light and reflects other rays giving the objects its recognizable color.

ex: an apple is called red if the red rays are reflected and the other rays in the light are absorbed.

absorption

93

the latin term for ear is...

pinna

94

no two ears are________

identical...not even on same individual

95

the _________ & ____________ of an ear can be different

shape
placement

96

the ears change _________ in a lifetime than any other facial feature.

less

97

the ear is formed like a ____________

wedge

98

the ear is made mostly of ____________....except the _______

cartilage
lobe

99

best structure to use when seeking location for modeled ear

External Auditory Meatus

100

As the Zygomatic Arch comes through, it divides

the length of the ear in half

101

Anatomical Structures of the Temporal Bone used for Locating the Modeled Ear

1. External Auditory Meatus (ear passage)
2. Zygomatic Arch
3. Mandibular Fossa
4. Mastoid Process

102

the zygomatic arch ABUTS the top of the......

external auditory meatus

103

the hinge portion (indention) that is located directly in front of the External auditory meatus?

mandibular fossa

104

located behind and below the external auditory meatus

mastoid process

105

internal ear bones

1. malleus
2. incus
3. stapes

106

the internal ear bones have ______________ on surface form

NO EFFECT

107

parts of the ear are classified as...

Hollows or Cavities
Elevations or Ridges

108

5 hollows or cavities of the ear...

1. Ear Passage
2. Concha (shell)
3. Triangular Fossa
4. Scapha
5. Intertragic Notch

109

orifice that leads into the hearing organ. Not visible from the frontal view or from the direct profile view.

ear passage

110

the concave shell of the ear. Considered to be behind or above the ear passage. Walled in completely on both sides. Sometimes the vertical dimension can be cut in half.

concha

111

the deepest depression of the ear

concha

112

it is the depression that is between the crura of the antihelix

triangular fossa

113

second deepest depression of the ear

triangular fossa

114

shallowest depression of the ear

scapha

115

the fossa that is between the inner and outer rim of the ear. may be tough to find sometimes

scapha

116

notch or opening between Tragus & Antitragus of the ear

intertragic notch

117

the intertragic notch is also called the ....

spill way

118

5 elevations or ridges of the ear

1. Helix & Crus
2. Antihelix & Crura
3. Tragus
4. Antitragus
5. Lobe

119

outer rim of the ear...looks like a backwards question mark.

helix

120

beginning of the Helix...outer rim...where the Helix may originate *****confirm this******

crus of the helix

121

the crus of the helix can also originate (2)

Anterior area of the Concha
Posterior area of the Concha

122

anterior portion of the helix will merge with the....

temple

123

superior portion of the helix separates from the _________ at the ______ of the head

temple
side

124

the amount of separation of the superior portion from the head is about the width of a _________

pencil

125

inner rim of the ear

antihelix

126

the antihelix will bifurcates as it moves _________

superiorly

127

the antihelix bifurcates into the _______ of the antihelix

crura

128

elevation that protects the ear...

tragus

129

the tragus projects from __________ & ________ margin of the cheek

posterior
lateral

130

eminence obliquely opposite the tragus..

antitragus

131

the antitragus is located on the ________ border of the lobe of the ear

superior

132

inferior fatty 1/3 of the ear...no cartilagenous lower part of the ear.

lobe

133

the anterior border of the lobe attaches to the_______

face

134

use the anterior margin as guide for the __________-

inclination of the ear

135

draw an imaginary line from attachment at the ________ down to the _______

temple
lobe

136

Line can be _____________ somewhat to the line on the _______________ from brow to __________

parallel
bony profile
upper lip