Flashcards in Restorative Art Test 1 Deck (100):
the relationship of the size of one feature as compared with another feature… or with the width or length of the face
the vertical measurement of a part of a feature
The value of the study of facial proportions
1. Notes similarities in size of facial features2. Notes differences in size relationships
EVERYTHING is guided by....
the most common geometric head shape
imaginary parallel lines...one at top of head and one at base of chin
length of the head
top of head is also called
extends across the corners of eyes
midline of the length of head
dimension from tip of nose to greatest protrusion of back of head is equal to___________________
size of the length of head
average adult's height is.....
7.5 - 8 head lengths
distance from the root of the nose to the base of the wing of the nose is equal to _______________
length of the first two joints of the index finger
vertical distance from the base of the nose to the line of closure of the lips is equal to ______________
distance from the tip of the index finger to the first joint
measured from normal hairline to the base of the chin...including the ears.
what is crucial to restorative art?
the width of the face is equal to______________
two-thirds (2/3) of the length of the face
the face is divided into ______ measurements to determine the entire length of the face.
the lower 1/3 of the face can be divided into ____ equal lengths.
the lower 1/3 of the face is divided into what parts?
1. Base of nose2. Line of lip closure3. Top of chin4. Base of chin
Divide the face in 3 equal parts by drawing lines through the.....
1. hairline2. eyebrows3. base of nose4. base of chin
divide the face in 2 equal halves by drawing a line at the...
1. Vertex of the cranium2. Line of eye closure3. Base of the chin
the widest part of the head is measured by the __________
distance between the two parietal eminences
the face is ____ noses long
the length of the nose is equal to___________
length of the ear
the width of the nose at the wings is equal to __________
the width of an eye
the face is _____ eyes wide from __________ to _________________
5zygomatic archzygomatic arch
the distance between the eyes is equal to_______________
the width of ONE eye
the mouth is _____ eyes wide
the superior border of the ear is on the same ____________________________
horizontal plane as the eyebrows
the inferior border of the ear is on the same ______________________________
horizontal plane as the base of the nose
the face is ___ ears long
4 facial features that are used as units of measurements for the face.
1. head2. nose3. eyes4. ear
Sanders states..."when using the ________ as a unit of measure, hold the ____________ parallel to the __________.
index fingerthumbindex finger
the distance from the tip of the thumb to the tip of the finger is equal to ______
1. length of the ear2. length of the nose3. normal hairline to root of nose4. base of nose to bottom of chin
the basic dimensional unit or width measurement is.......
to reveal asymmetry it is a good idea to invert the photo when doing a RA to get a new perspective
concept of inversion
Surface that lies at right angle to source of illumination.
Surface that DOES NOT lie at right angle to source of illumination.
types of lighting...
1. normal2. directional3. flat
lighting from above (no special placement of lights)
lighting pointing directly (special placement of lights...purposeful)
typically from a flash...very dark then a flash of light
in facial profiles ____________ or ______________ will be very important
most common profile form
least common profile form
standard basic profile form
forehead tends to be level with chin & upper lip
forehead tends to recede as well as the chin...looks like a rounded ball.
forehead tends to protrude as well as the chin...looks like punched in center of face.
the ___________ is not included in our discussion on facial forms
a person can also have a ____________ facial profile
three basic facial profile forms
1. convex2. concave3. vertical
what 3 things form the VERTICAL PROFILE?
1. forehead2. upper lip area3. chin
the forehead will be described in its direction from the _________ going up.
the chin is described in its relationship to the _____________
there are ____ profile combinations
profile combinations are in what order as far as terms?
Forehead firstChin second
6 types of profile combinations
1. convex-concave2. concave-convex3. vertical-convex4. vertical-concave5. convex-vertical6. concave-vertical
Forehead recedes and chin protrudes
Forehead protrudes and chin recedes
Forehead is straight and chin recedes
Forehead is straight and chin protrudes
Forehead recedes and chin is straight
Forehead protrudes and chin is straight
the form of the head does not stay consistent throughout _______
head shape is influenced by its _________
to get a geometric head form, we take width measurements and in those measurements we look at the width of the ___________________ and put them together along with the ___________________
bi-parietalbi-zygomaticbi-mandibularlength of the head
types of geometric head shapes...
1. Oval shape2. Round shape3. Square shape4. Triangular shape5. Inverted triangular shape6. Diamond shape7. Oblong shape
most common head shape (cranium is slightly wider than jaws)
also called infantine/infantile (cranium with maximum amount of curvature)
forehead is wide & angles of mandible (jaw “strong jaw”) are wide & low (has very little curvature)
least common (Wider at angles of mandible than at the forehead)
forehead is wider than mandible...narrows considerably. (Base is superior to the apex)
Inverted triangular shape
cheek bones wider than forehead and mandible. Narrows on top and bottom
head is long and narrow throughout (almost rectangular)
least common head shape
bilateral forms of the head & facial features
1. bilateral-two sides2. bilateral differences3. bilateral silhouette
dissimilarities that exists between one side and another
bilateral viewpoint of both sides (from top or bottom)
features that exhibit asymmetry
1. Eyelids & Eyebrows2. Ears (exhibit the greatest differences in position, form, & size)3. Cheeks4. Nose & Mouth (pay attention to line of closure on mouth)
Surfaces exhibiting a similarity of bilateral curvature: These can all be seen in bilateral silhouette
1. Forehead2. Cheeks3. Superior Integumentary Lip 4. Chin (oval, round, angular, & square)
lack of symmetry, balance, or proportion
outline or surface form
a hollow or shallow concave area in a surface
the silhouettes of the face from the side view
a photograph or painting in which the subject has been posted and lighted flatteringly by a professional photographer or artist.
side view of the human head
act of throwing forward; a part extending beyond the level of its surroundings
return of light waves from surfaces; the bending or folding back of a part upon itself
the process of taking in, as in a colored object which absorbs certain rays of light and reflects other rays giving the objects its recognizable color.ex: an apple is called red if the red rays are reflected and the other rays in the light are absorbed.
the latin term for ear is...
no two ears are________
identical...not even on same individual
the _________ & ____________ of an ear can be different
the ears change _________ in a lifetime than any other facial feature.
the ear is formed like a ____________
the ear is made mostly of ____________....except the _______
best structure to use when seeking location for modeled ear
External Auditory Meatus