Restorative Art Test 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Restorative Art Test 1 Deck (100):
1

the relationship of the size of one feature as compared with another feature… or with the width or length of the face

proportion

2

vertical equals

length

3

horizontal equals

width

4

the vertical measurement of a part of a feature

height

5

The value of the study of facial proportions

1. Notes similarities in size of facial features2. Notes differences in size relationships

6

EVERYTHING is guided by....

proportions

7

the most common geometric head shape

oval

8

imaginary parallel lines...one at top of head and one at base of chin

length of the head

9

top of head is also called

vertex

10

extends across the corners of eyes

midline of the length of head

11

dimension from tip of nose to greatest protrusion of back of head is equal to___________________

size of the length of head

12

average adult's height is.....

7.5 - 8 head lengths

13

distance from the root of the nose to the base of the wing of the nose is equal to _______________

length of the first two joints of the index finger

14

vertical distance from the base of the nose to the line of closure of the lips is equal to ______________

distance from the tip of the index finger to the first joint

15

measured from normal hairline to the base of the chin...including the ears.

face

16

what is crucial to restorative art?

the ears

17

the width of the face is equal to______________

two-thirds (2/3) of the length of the face

18

the face is divided into ______ measurements to determine the entire length of the face.

1/3

19

the lower 1/3 of the face can be divided into ____ equal lengths.

3

20

the lower 1/3 of the face is divided into what parts?

1. Base of nose2. Line of lip closure3. Top of chin4. Base of chin

21

Divide the face in 3 equal parts by drawing lines through the.....

1. hairline2. eyebrows3. base of nose4. base of chin

22

divide the face in 2 equal halves by drawing a line at the...

1. Vertex of the cranium2. Line of eye closure3. Base of the chin

23

the widest part of the head is measured by the __________

distance between the two parietal eminences

24

the face is ____ noses long

3

25

the length of the nose is equal to___________

length of the ear

26

the width of the nose at the wings is equal to __________

the width of an eye

27

the face is _____ eyes wide from __________ to _________________

5zygomatic archzygomatic arch

28

the distance between the eyes is equal to_______________

the width of ONE eye

29

the mouth is _____ eyes wide

2

30

the superior border of the ear is on the same ____________________________

horizontal plane as the eyebrows

31

the inferior border of the ear is on the same ______________________________

horizontal plane as the base of the nose

32

the face is ___ ears long

3

33

4 facial features that are used as units of measurements for the face.

1. head2. nose3. eyes4. ear

34

Sanders states..."when using the ________ as a unit of measure, hold the ____________ parallel to the __________.

index fingerthumbindex finger

35

the distance from the tip of the thumb to the tip of the finger is equal to ______

1. length of the ear2. length of the nose3. normal hairline to root of nose4. base of nose to bottom of chin

36

the basic dimensional unit or width measurement is.......

one eye

37

to reveal asymmetry it is a good idea to invert the photo when doing a RA to get a new perspective

concept of inversion

38

Surface that lies at right angle to source of illumination.

Highlights

39

Surface that DOES NOT lie at right angle to source of illumination.

Shadow

40

types of lighting...

1. normal2. directional3. flat

41

lighting from above (no special placement of lights)

Normal lighting

42

lighting pointing directly (special placement of lights...purposeful)

Directional lighting

43

typically from a flash...very dark then a flash of light

flat lighting

44

in facial profiles ____________ or ______________ will be very important

degreeprojection

45

most common profile form

convex

46

least common profile form

concave

47

standard basic profile form

vertical

48

forehead tends to be level with chin & upper lip

vertical

49

forehead tends to recede as well as the chin...looks like a rounded ball.

convex

50

forehead tends to protrude as well as the chin...looks like punched in center of face.

concave

51

the ___________ is not included in our discussion on facial forms

nose

52

a person can also have a ____________ facial profile

combination

53

three basic facial profile forms

1. convex2. concave3. vertical

54

what 3 things form the VERTICAL PROFILE?

1. forehead2. upper lip area3. chin

55

the forehead will be described in its direction from the _________ going up.

eyebrows

56

the chin is described in its relationship to the _____________

upper lip

57

there are ____ profile combinations

6

58

profile combinations are in what order as far as terms?

Forehead firstChin second

59

6 types of profile combinations

1. convex-concave2. concave-convex3. vertical-convex4. vertical-concave5. convex-vertical6. concave-vertical

60

Forehead recedes and chin protrudes

Convex-concave

61

Forehead protrudes and chin recedes

Concave- convex

62

Forehead is straight and chin recedes

Vertical-convex

63

Forehead is straight and chin protrudes

Vertical-concave

64

Forehead recedes and chin is straight

Convex-vertical

65

Forehead protrudes and chin is straight

Concave-vertical

66

the form of the head does not stay consistent throughout _______

a lifetime

67

head shape is influenced by its _________

bony structure

68

to get a geometric head form, we take width measurements and in those measurements we look at the width of the ___________________ and put them together along with the ___________________

bi-parietalbi-zygomaticbi-mandibularlength of the head

69

types of geometric head shapes...

1. Oval shape2. Round shape3. Square shape4. Triangular shape5. Inverted triangular shape6. Diamond shape7. Oblong shape

70

most common head shape (cranium is slightly wider than jaws)

oval shape

71

also called infantine/infantile (cranium with maximum amount of curvature)

round shape

72

forehead is wide & angles of mandible (jaw “strong jaw”) are wide & low (has very little curvature)

square shape

73

least common (Wider at angles of mandible than at the forehead)

triangular shape

74

forehead is wider than mandible...narrows considerably. (Base is superior to the apex)

Inverted triangular shape

75

cheek bones wider than forehead and mandible. Narrows on top and bottom

Diamond shape

76

head is long and narrow throughout (almost rectangular)

Oblong shape

77

least common head shape

triangular

78

bilateral forms of the head & facial features

1. bilateral-two sides2. bilateral differences3. bilateral silhouette

79

two sides

bilateral

80

dissimilarities that exists between one side and another

bilateral differences

81

bilateral viewpoint of both sides (from top or bottom)

bilateral silhouette

82

features that exhibit asymmetry

1. Eyelids & Eyebrows2. Ears (exhibit the greatest differences in position, form, & size)3. Cheeks4. Nose & Mouth (pay attention to line of closure on mouth)

83

Surfaces exhibiting a similarity of bilateral curvature: These can all be seen in bilateral silhouette

1. Forehead2. Cheeks3. Superior Integumentary Lip 4. Chin (oval, round, angular, & square)

84

lack of symmetry, balance, or proportion

asymmetry

85

outline or surface form

contour

86

a hollow or shallow concave area in a surface

depressions

87

the silhouettes of the face from the side view

facial profiles

88

a photograph or painting in which the subject has been posted and lighted flatteringly by a professional photographer or artist.

professional portrait

89

side view of the human head

profile

90

act of throwing forward; a part extending beyond the level of its surroundings

projection

91

return of light waves from surfaces; the bending or folding back of a part upon itself

reflection

92

the process of taking in, as in a colored object which absorbs certain rays of light and reflects other rays giving the objects its recognizable color.ex: an apple is called red if the red rays are reflected and the other rays in the light are absorbed.

absorption

93

the latin term for ear is...

pinna

94

no two ears are________

identical...not even on same individual

95

the _________ & ____________ of an ear can be different

shapeplacement

96

the ears change _________ in a lifetime than any other facial feature.

less

97

the ear is formed like a ____________

wedge

98

the ear is made mostly of ____________....except the _______

cartilagelobe

99

best structure to use when seeking location for modeled ear

External Auditory Meatus

100

As the Zygomatic Arch comes through, it divides

the length of the ear in half