Restorative Justice Flashcards Preview

Spring 2016 > Restorative Justice > Flashcards

Flashcards in Restorative Justice Deck (74):
1

What is the difference between restorative and retributive justice?

Retribution is punishment inflicted on someone as vengeance while restorative justice aims to restore the well being of humans

2

What year was the first victim offender mediation ?

1983

3

What year was the forum for initiatives in reparation?

1984

4

What year was the Home office research ?

1985

5

What year was the First victim/offender mediation Scotland?

1987

6

What year was the Milton Keynes Retail theft initiation?

1994

7

What year was the Thomas Valley Conferencing Pilot?

1995

8

What year was the Crime and Disorder Act?

1998

9

What year was the Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act ?

1999

10

What year European Forum for restorative formed?

2000

11

What year was the Criminal Justice Act ?

2003

12

What are the three main kinds of restorative practices?

1.Victim
2.Offender
3. Victim/offender

13

Kinds of Victim restorative justice ?

1.Victim support scheme
2.Victim Witness Service
3.Compensation through courts
4. Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme

14

Kinds of Offender restorative justice?

1.Children hearing (Scotland)
2.Community Reparation
3.Victim Awareness Work
4.Circle of Support
5.Rehab
6.Non violent communication (NVC)

15

Kinds of Victim/offender restorative justice?

1.Direct offender mediation
2.Indirect mediation
3.Community mediation
4.Victim offender mediation
5.Family group counselling
6.Youth offender panel
7.Sentencing courts

16

Issues which can prevent effective restorative justice are:

1.Shame
2.Voluntarism
3.Forgiveness

17

What needs to happen before and after conferencing?

1.Clear establishing of rules
2.Methods to make change

18

Ways to address conflict in prison

1.Conferencing
-Which enables empowerment,shows community support
2. Mediation
a.Adjudication
b.Mediation
c.Prison staff mediation
3.Building relationships in prison

19

Adjudication

A prison system for dealing with crime and prison.The offender appears before a governor and are charged in prison.in restorative justice there are restorative meetings in place that amend the sentencing

20

What is Prison staff mediation?

A system put in place to resolve conflicts and disputes between prison staff.Staff who volunteer go to other prisons and mediate.

21

What is mediation?

A settlement of a dispute or controversy by setting up an independent person between two contending parties in order to aid them in the settlement of their disagreement

22

Building relationships in prison

These are prison communities in which whole principles are tun around restorative lines built around principles of christian love.

23

Ways to address international violent incidence or violation of human rights

1. Nuremberg trials
2.International criminal court (ICC)
3.Truth Commission

24

Nuremberg trials

This is a symbolic retributive approach to justice in which in an attempt to balance society some were killed

25

International Criminal Court

It is the first ever permanent treaty based international court that prosecutes individuals accused of genocide and crimes against humanity.If the countries are unable to do so.

26

Truth Commision

This allows victims their relatives and perpetrators to give evidence of human right abuses .This normally occurs when a new government comes in and reports on human rights atrocities that occurred in the past for a limited period and usually produces a final report .

27

What is the truth commission human rights violations committee

They investigate human rights abuses and hear testimonies from victims about what they have suffered

28

What is the truth commission Amnesty violations committee

They consider application from perpetrators for amnesty

29

What is the truth commission reparation and rehabilitation committee

The community comes up with reparations on how survivors will heal

30

Amnesty

A pardon extended by the government to a group or class of persons, usually for a political offense; the act of a sovereign power officially forgiving certain classes of persons who are subject to trial but have not yet been convicted

31

What is the victim support scheme?

Helps people cope with crime
A volunteer offer someone to talk to in confidence,information on police,and court procedures,help in dealing with other organizations,information about compensation and insurance which links to other sources of help

32

Victim witness scheme

Helps victims of crime and their families and witnesses in general to give evidence.Staff and volunteers someone to talk to in confidence a chance to see court before hand and learn about court practice while giving them a quiet place to wait ,someone to go with witnesses into the court

33

What is compensation through courts?

Compensation is not to be viewed as another fine the offender must realize that the money payed is because there was some significant emotionally engaging value

34

What is the Criminal injuries compensation scheme

This recognizes that at times the perpetrator of a serious offense is not at all times caught .This system realizes that injuries whether emotional or physical have serious consequences.In circumstances this act will pay for lost earnings of who has been killed and earnings or special expenses

35

What was the children hearing ?

The children hearing was a mediation system in Scotland where which both troublesome and troubled children were placed in a safe environment in which they aimed to achieve a significant beneficial change

36

What is community reparation?

At times the victims want nothing tangible from offenders or have repaired damage already done so they opt for the offender to do a service on behalf of the community

37

What are some examples of reparation acts?

1.Repairing the actual physical damage
2.Doing a task for a victim
3.Making reparation in the community
4.Offering a gift to the victim
5.Keeping the victim informed in community reparation
6.Repairing harm done by other offenders
7.Making reparation based on the event
8.Making reparation based on youth interest
Nformed

38

What is the victim support scheme?

Helps people cope with crime
A volunteer offer someone to talk to in confidence,information on police,and court procedures,help in dealing with other organizations,information about compensation and insurance which links to other sources of help

39

Victim witness scheme

Helps victims of crime and their families and witnesses in general to give evidence.Staff and volunteers someone to talk to in confidence a chance to see court before hand and learn about court practice while giving them a quiet place to wait ,someone to go with witnesses into the court

40

What is compensation through courts?

Compensation is not to be viewed as another fine the offender must realize that the money payed is because there was some significant emotionally engaging value

41

What is the Criminal injuries compensation scheme

This recognizes that at times the perpetrator of a serious offense is not at all times caught .This system realizes that injuries whether emotional or physical have serious consequences.In circumstances this act will pay for lost earnings of who has been killed and earnings or special expenses

42

What was the children hearing ?

The children hearing was a mediation system in Scotland where which both troublesome and troubled children were placed in a safe environment in which they aimed to achieve a significant beneficial change

43

What is community reparation?

At times the victims want nothing tangible from offenders or have repaired damage already done so they opt for the offender to do a service on behalf of the community

44

What are some examples of reparation acts?

1.Repairing the actual physical damage
2.Doing a task for a victim
3.Making reparation in the community
4.Offering a gift to the victim
5.Keeping the victim informed in community reparation
6.Repairing harm done by other offenders
7.Making reparation based on the event
8.Making reparation based on youth interest
Nformed

45

What is the victim support scheme?

Helps people cope with crime
A volunteer offer someone to talk to in confidence,information on police,and court procedures,help in dealing with other organizations,information about compensation and insurance which links to other sources of help

46

Victim witness scheme

Helps victims of crime and their families and witnesses in general to give evidence.Staff and volunteers someone to talk to in confidence a chance to see court before hand and learn about court practice while giving them a quiet place to wait ,someone to go with witnesses into the court

47

What is compensation through courts?

Compensation is not to be viewed as another fine the offender must realize that the money payed is because there was some significant emotionally engaging value

48

What is the Criminal injuries compensation scheme

This recognizes that at times the perpetrator of a serious offense is not at all times caught .This system realizes that injuries whether emotional or physical have serious consequences.In circumstances this act will pay for lost earnings of who has been killed and earnings or special expenses

49

What was the children hearing ?

The children hearing was a mediation system in Scotland where which both troublesome and troubled children were placed in a safe environment in which they aimed to achieve a significant beneficial change

50

What is community reparation?

At times the victims want nothing tangible from offenders or have repaired damage already done so they opt for the offender to do a service on behalf of the community

51

What are some examples of reparation acts?

1.Repairing the actual physical damage
2.Doing a task for a victim
3.Making reparation in the community
4.Offering a gift to the victim
5.Keeping the victim informed in community reparation
6.Repairing harm done by other offenders
7.Making reparation based on the event
8.Making reparation based on youth interest
Nformed

52

What is victims awareness work ?

Victim awareness work was a system in which

53

What is victim awareness work

A system in which positive restorative restorative practices are kept by teaching the pain the victim experienced

54

What is the circle of support

This is a system in which the community individuals meet with the offender (sexual)to ensure safe lives in the community

55

What is rehab

Rehad is a form of restorative justice thaT main interest is in restoring one self. People who have harmed themselves use such things as addictive are restored to an acceptable state in society

56

What is victim awareness work

A system in which positive restorative restorative practices are kept by teaching the pain the victim experienced

57

What is the circle of support

This is a system in which the community individuals meet with the offender (sexual)to ensure safe lives in the community

58

What is rehab

Rehad is a form of restorative justice thaT main interest is in restoring one self. People who have harmed themselves use such things as addictive are restored to an acceptable state in society

59

what is non violent Communication

Nonviolent Communication (NVC) is a model which focuses on people in conflict moving from blaming each other to expressing their needs so that these can be better met. It can be used to help victims and offenders to prepare for mediation.

60

What are the value of restorative Justice

values of restorative justice coming out of this are: dialogue, mutuality, healing, repair, repentance, responsibility, honesty and sincerity.

61

direct Mediation

Victim–offender mediation is a process in which an impartial third party helps the victim(s) and offender(s) to communicate, either directly or indirectly. The mediation process can lead to greater understanding for both parties and sometimes to tangible reparation. One commonly used victim–offender mediationprocesshasthefollowingstages:
Separate meetings:
1. Visit offender(s) and victim(s) separately, assess suitability. All options discussed.
2. If appropriate, preparation for direct mediation, including discussion of ground rules.

62

community Mediation

community mediation services, where police have special links with them, and they decide that there is no public interest issue. In these cases,insteadof arresting the offenders,thepolicereferittothelocalcommunitymediation service. In the case below, the victim was reluctant to report the offence to the policeandaskedforhelpfromthemediationserviceinstead.Sometimescasescanarrive via other agencies, such as local authority housing departments.

63

Victim–offender conferencing

Victim–They can involve small numbers of people – one offender and one victim – or a large number,including severalvictimsandoffenders,theirfamiliesandmembersofthecommunity(e.g.teachers,youthworkers,communitypolice).Sometimesthismeansawhole roomful of people. Usually people sit in a horseshoe shape with the facilitator(s) at the openendof thehorseshoe,asitisimportant(asinmediation)foreveryonetobeableto see each other. The facilitator contacts everyone before the conference to invite them and go through the process. In some schemes, people are telephoned, but in many schemes, facilitators visit everyone to prepare them for the conference.

64

family conferencing

An FGC is a decision-making process that focuses on who makes plans for children and how those plan saremade.InanFGCthechildandhisorherfamily form the primary planning group, with professionals using their expertise to provide information to the family, enabling them to make a plan which meets the needs of the child/young person for whom the conference has been convened; and in the process of this, to meet the expectations of Social Services concerning good enough care.

65

Peace-making Circles (formerly known as Sentencing Circles)

Peace-making Circles were primarily used for sentencing and known as Sentencing Circles. Now used for many private and public issues, they are usually referred to as Peace-making Circles. They draw on Aboriginal practices from a time when everyone was essential to survival, and resolving differences had to be carried out in ways that built stronger connections. The use of ceremony and ritual, including a ‘talking piece’

66

Victim–offender groups

These are groups in which victims of crime and offenders meet,usually for a set number of sessions, where the victims have suffered similar crimes (but not the actual crimes) to those perpetrated by the offenders.This model is useful in bringing victims and offenders together where it is not possible for them to meet their actual counterpart because either the victim or the offender is unwilling–or,for victims,because their offender has not been caught. Some victims may prefer to start by meeting other offenders before meeting the actual perpetrator of the offense against them

67

Triad

Are transnational organization it is geared to

68

Plato's phiilosophy

This was a conflict perspective of just desserts

69

Rosseau Philosophy

Functionalist stance of rj ,he believed that humans rent past the animistic stag and need the government for rules

70

Types and methods of use of RJ for children and within schools?

1.Conflict resolution skills
2.Mentoring
3.Circle time
4.Peer mentoring
5.School counselling
6.Peer mediation
7.Peer link
8.Circle of friends
9.Conferencing
10.Support Group

71

What are the RJ practices in Prison

1.Community Services
2.Victim offender mediation
3.Victim offender conferencing

72

What are RJ practices in complex and sensitive cases?

1.Plymouth mediation
2.Family conferencing
3,

73

What are RJ practices at the international level?

1.Truth commission
2. Nuremburg Trials
3.International Criminal Court

74

What are RJ practices at the national level?

1.Real Action Integration Network
2.