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Flashcards in retinal vascular disease Deck (13)
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1

most common symptom of diabetic retinopathy

NO SYMPTOMS!
only symptoms later stage of disease

2

2 common symptoms of diabetic retinopathy when you have symptoms are

blurred vision
floaters

3

pathophysiology of DR

- cap membrane thickens
- pericytes lost
- BRB lost
- retinal vascular dysfunction

4

Non proliferative diabetic retinopathy

damage to blood vessels

5

what causes the leaking/macular edema

microaneurysms

6

classic signs of severe NPDR

- Venous bleeding
- Intraretinal microvascular anomalies

7

what is the most common cause of vision loss in Diabetic retinopathy

macular edema

8

2 ways to treat macular edema - in non-proliferative retinopathy

- laser
- anti-vegf intravitreal injections
- steroids

9

ways to treat proliferative DR

- PRP photocoagulation - laser bulk of peripheral retina
if with mac edema add antiVEGF

10

what are the 3 complications of PDR

- Vitreous hemorrhage
- Retinal detachment
- Neovascular glaucoma

11

Main complication of CRVO - central retinal vein occlusion

- Neovascularization at the iris - glaucoma

12

Main complication of BRVO

macular edema/ischemia -

13

Main work up for CRAO

- cherry red spot
- edema
- check atherosclerotic risk factors
- R/O GCA