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Flashcards in Review Ch 1-7 Deck (102)
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1

How do physical development and social readiness play into toilet training?

They have to be able to handle putting on their clothes with little help and control their bodies/functions; this will be a process/need patience

2

The biological system looks at? psychological system? sociocultural system?

biology: physical growth cognition: memory growth environment: religion, family, culture

3

Zone of proximal development

a child has a certain amount of skill and you can't teach them something way above their knowledge or skill level, you have to build off increments and build knowledge and skill

4

The fetus is more susceptible to harm in the __ trimester

1st

5

What is different about the way toddlers interact with their environment compared to infants?

Learn to make judgements about what's around them and adjusting accordingly

6

Why is play important in toddlerhood? is cooperative play typical at this age?

Start to develop gross and fine motor skills better, synapses develop better or prune; no parallel play (learning to share)

7

Which children are more indecent, those with secure or insecure attachment?

secure

8

What is the vocab of a typical three year old?

50-250 words; "why" "me do it"

9

Psychoanalytical theorists (5)

Stanley Hall
Freud
Erikson
Watson
Skinner

10

How much TV should children watch before age 2?

None

11

what are some interventions for parents with a toddler who is experiencing separation anxiety?

Gradual--using familiar family members to help babysit and reminders that you will be leaving; start out gradual

12

What are the three reflexes that all infants are born with?

Moro - startle reflex
Rooting - suckling
Grasp - wraps fingers around anything that touches palm

13

What can be some issues around maternal stress?

Hormones crossing the placental barrier and the fetus becoming stressed as well; too much too often can be harmful

14

What about family support and siblings with a new baby coming?

Make sure the kids how they will still be apart of the family and prepare them to be a big bro/sis

15

How do an infant's experiences literally shape the infant's brain?

Pruning synapses that are not used; specializing in what they are good at and constantly doing

16

What is the parents role in infants language development?

encourage and respond

17

what are sociocultural factors?

social and cultural (environmental) influences on development

18

how can counselors support toddlers (and their families) who are showing signs of gender dysphoria?

Support, education, helping to facilitate communication in a healthy way; teaching coping skills and exploration

19

Freud's stages of development

1. Oral-learning through eating, sucking, tasting
2. Anal-learning through bodily functions; interactions
3. Phallic-learning about being in a family
4. Latent-learning outside family; social skills
5. Genital-finding social role; hormones-sexual orientation

20

What are the four types of child neglect?

Physical, medial, educational, emotional

21

What do we mean when we say that human development is multidisciplinary?

medical, psychological, sociological, neurological, ect.

22

What are some relationship concerns during pregnancy?

planned pregnancy? frustrations with communication; body image; sexuality; mood

23

Psychosexual developmental theorist

Freud

24

father of behaviorism

John. B. Watson

25

Piaget's stages of development

1. sensorimotor - infants learn through sending
2. preoperational - toddlers believe everyone sees the world the way they do; conservation theory
3. concerete operations - school age children develop logic of simple operations right in front of them
4. formal operations - reasoning and testing and logic with more complex problems

26

What are some sleep management techniques?

Extinction--letting child cry it out
Ferber method--slowly backing off; but responding for short periods telling the kid you're there
Immediate Responding--responding to all cries

27

What term do we want to avoid to describe a individuals development?

normal vs. abnormal

28

Who are mandatory reports in the state of Nebraska?

Everyone

29

How does physical development in toddlerhood compare with that of infants? Slower? Same?`

Slower

30

Treating mental health issues with drugs at this time?

situational and depends on safety concerns