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Flashcards in revision questions Deck (194)
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1

what enzyme is involved in oestrogen production

aromatase

2

what is the appendix epididymis a remnant of

proximal end of the mesonephric duct

3

which part of the male duct empties into the prostatic urethra

the ejaculatory duct

4

what conditions may result from a patent tunica vaginalis

cytocele, hydrocele, indirect inguinal hernia

5

what constituent of ejaculate is used as a source of choline

glycerylphosphorylcholine formed in the epididymis

6

which ligament forms the inferior border of the greater sciatic foramen

sacrospinous

7

what is the subpubic angle of the female pelvis

80-85

8

which area of the prostate is most likely to be affected by prostate cancer

peripheral zone

9

what endometrial condition is most often associated with a p53 mutation

endometrial adenocarcinoma non endometroid

10

at what positions are anal cushions present

3, 7, 11 o'clock

11

what veins in the rectum contribute to the systemic part of the portosystemic anastomosis

internal pudendal

12

what are the features of stage 3 male puberty

penal enlargement, pubic hair and testicular enlargement

13

what conditions can be detected during the combined first trimester screening test which is aimed at the whole population

anencephaly
patau's
down's
edward's

14

what are the features of WPW dysrhythmia

short PR interval with early QRS upstroke

15

what is the peak incidence of teratomas in men

20-30 years
alpha fetoprotein is a useful marker

16

what age do yolk sac tumours occur

children
AFP is a marker

17

what age do seminomas occur

30-50
no protein marker

18

what is rigler's sign

double wall sign
usually pneumoperitoneum due to bowel perforation

19

what is the leading cause of traveller's diarrhoea

enterotoxigenic e. coli ETEC

20

what are the features of proliferative glomerulonephritis

post strep infection
deposition of immune complexes
Type 3
nephritic syndrome
blood in urine
sub epithelial

21

what are the features of GI carcinoid tumours

large intramural masses with polypoid excavations
occur mostly in the appendix

22

what are the features of adenocarcinomas in the GI tract

napkin ring encircling and exophytic growth

23

large bulky intramural mass that may ulcerate

leiomyosarcoma

24

clearly pedunculated with a lobar growth on the end of a stalk

tubular adenoma

25

3 cm velvety mass

villous adenoma

26

what cells are responsible for producing fluid that flushes sperm from the tubule to the epididymis

sertoli cells

27

describe the stepped care model

level one is self management
level 2 is multiple chronic conditions treated by a MDT
level 3 is unplanned visits to secondary care

28

what nerves might be damaged in overflow incontinence

S2-4

posterior 2/3rds of the scrotum are supplied by pudendal nerve S2,3 so would be affected

29

who is renal cell carcinoma most common in

smokers and obese people

30

what are the symptoms of renal cell carcinoma

back pain
blood in urine
pyrexia due to paraneoplastic syndrome