Revision Y08 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Revision Y08 Deck (48):
1

Describe the covenant between God and Abraham: So basically what were the promises made by each?

God: That Abraham would have many descendants.

Abraham: That Abraham would change his name to Abram, his wife Sarai to Sarah and for every descendant after him to be circumsized.

2

Define covenant:

A binding agreement between God and a group people which was sealed by sacrificial God.

3

Who are Isaac and Jacob and who are their children?

Isaac: The son of the elderly and thought to be sterile Sarah and Abram.

Jacob: Abram's grandson who is the father of the twelve patriarchs.

4

Chosen People:

The descendants of Israel - Israelites.

Background: Israelites had grown so numerous Ramses the II feared they would help his enemies and so the forced them into labour. But he failed and so he ordered to kill all the male babies.

5

Passover:

When God commanded the that each Israelite family must kill a sacrificial lamb or goat, smear its blood on their doorframe. Afterwards they were to stay in their houses and eat the meat, if they obeyed they'd be passed over, if not the eldest male child would be killed.

6

Manna:

An edible secretion of insects living in Sinai that could be harvested. In Exodus Manna miraculously fell from the heavens to feed those in the desert.

7

Covenant Relationship:

Israelites where chosen by God to love, worship and serve God in a covenant relationship.

They had to live holy by obeying the decalogue and by preaching God and his purpose.

8

Decalogue:

The ten commandments - laws given by God to help them become holy.

9

Why did God's people wander for 40 years?

The Israelites were afraid when they discovered the Promised Land and forgot about God's power. They refused to take the land and so they were banned from the Promise Lands and were left wandering the desert for 40 years.

10

Explain the message of Isaiah:

Through Isaiah God revealed the New Covenant would be available for all people and that the New Covenant would have been brought by Isaiah who was filled with the spirit of God and called the Messiah.

11

Explain the message of Jeremiah:

He proposed a New Covenant that God would help people keep.

12

Explain the message of Ezekiel:

Through Ezekiel God promised under the new Covenant that God would empower people to live its laws.

13

Differences of New Covenant of Jesus vs. Passover

-Replaced sacrificial lamb with Jesus
-Passover bread to Body
-Wine into his Blood - Apostles to drink his 'Blood', in Sinai blood was sprinkled over the people.
-Gave commandment of the New Covenant

14

What happened in the Last Supper?

Jesus entered a New Covenant relationship with his people and founded the church to be the new people of God. Jesus said over a cup of wine during the Last Supper "This is the new covenant in my blood poured out for you."

15

Sacred Places:

Gathering together of followers of Jesus to celebrate the Eucharist, making the site sacred.

16

Tabernacle:

A place of honour and reservation kept safe and secure, often kept in sanctuary or nearby in a place of reservation.

17

Blessed Sacrament:

Name used when consecrated hosts are reserved in the tabernacle.

18

Reverence:

An attitude of deep respect and honour e.g. genuflecting

19

Sacred Symbols:

By instituting his New covenant Jesus changed the focus of God's presence from a material object to himself.

20

Sacred Objects:

Objects used in rituals.

21

Religious Rituals:

The Sinai Covenant required the Israelites to perform the many rituals set forth the law. Catholics see rituals as the point of human entry into communion of God and it means through which God's saving power comes to believers.

22

Grace:

A spiritual gift given by God to make them holy.

23

Sacrament:

Each sacrament consists of sacred actions and words/rituals and it is when Jesus offers graces. These graces strengthen his followers to live the Christian life.

24

Baptism:

-Forgiveness of original/sin
-Initiated into Catholic Church

25

Confirmation:

-Spiritual strengthening of faith
-Renewal of the gifts of the spirit
-Sharing in the mission of the church

26

Eucharist:

-Spiritual nourishment
-Union with Jesus and self-offering to the Father

27

Penance:

-Forgiveness of sins
-Strength to avoid future sin

28

Anointing of the Sick:

-Spiritual healing and consolation
-Bodily comfort and strength

29

Holy Orders:

-Spiritual authority to lead and serve

30

Marriage:

-Union in faithful love

31

What is the connection between Old Law and New Law?

He summarised the decalogue to love the father and to love one another.

Old law-rules
New law-Carrying it out

32

Beatitudes:

Attitudes that can be developed on drawing these positive attitudes out as well as the power of the spirit.

33

Why did Jesus teach the Beatitudes?

So all can be drawn closer to God by drawing on His saving power/graces and so we can develop positive attitudes.

34

What Spiritual powers were given to the Apostles?

To change the bread and wine to Body and Blood when commanded and to forgive sins when promised.

35

What spiritual gifts are given to Popes?

Spiritual gifts and authority over church - Successors of Peter.

36

What spiritual gifts are given to Bishops?

Spiritual powers to celebrate all sacraments and to preach the teachings of Jesus accurately - Successors of the Apostles

37

What spiritual gifts are given to Priests?

Through Holy Orders they received some spiritual powers Jesus gave the Apostles.

38

What spiritual gifts are given to Deacons?

Receives many but not all spiritual powers given to priests.

39

What does Spiritual Water mean?

This spiritual water is quenching our thirst through prayer for God which satisfies us, on the other hand when we're thirsty and we drink we're left wanting more unlike spiritual water.

40

What did Jesus teach about Prayer?

To pray:
-to God the Father
-to God the Father in Jesus' name
-to Jesus
-to the Holy Spirit
-with others for the same intention is more powerful
-to Jesus when life is difficult
-persistently
-from the heart and not simply with an abundance of words
-alone
-at mealtimes

41

Adoration and Blessing Prayers:

Used to ask God's blessing on people, events or places

42

Intercession Prayers:

A prayer of petition that leads people to pray to God on behalf of another.-A petition prayer is when you ask God for forgiveness, help, protection, direction or to meet any other needs

43

Thanksgiving Prayers:

Expresses thanks to God for all He has done

44

Praise Prayers:

Declares God's greatness and goodness.

45

Why is Mary so important?

-Mother of Jesus
-Has a special relationship with God
-Mother of all people/church
-We pray for her motherly help
-Model of how people are called to be faithful to God
-Someone whose intercession we can trust

46

Overview the mysteries of the rosary.

This sums up the events of Jesus and Mary's life associated with God.

47

Testament:

That they are testifying that is the truth, the word of God.

48

Staff:

A rod used by Moses that holds the power of God.