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Flashcards in Revision Y09 Deck (30):
1

Define Human Heart Questions

Questions that ‘stir’ the human heart.
-These lead to true happiness and allow us to rise naturally, we tend to repeatedly ask these throughout our life.

2

What are the four kinds of Human Heart Questions?

-Personal Questions
-Relationship Questions
-Questions about the Future
-Questions about God

3

What are some reasons people fail to recognise Human Heart Questions?

This is due to people having little to no time at all to reflect and think about these questions, people wanting short term answers and we can sometimes even resist quiet time for reflection.

4

What should you prioritise and minimise in life?

We should maximise time for those important things like family, friends and loved ones while minimising time for those minor and unnecessary things like video games, material things and etc.

5

“Jesus was both fully human and divine.” Explain this.

This means that Jesus had traits of both humans and Gods.

6

How is Jesus human?
-Give some examples

-Questioned as a teenager
-His wisdom developed as he grew older
-He had to ask questions; he could not answer all questions
-He had to grow in wisdom and knowledge through experience
-he had a human heart, strengths and weaknesses

7

How is Jesus divine?
-Give some examples

-He resurrected from the dead
-He healed people
-Made miracles
-Incapable of sin
-Son of the Virgin Mary
-Son of God (Related to Him)
-Part of the Holy Trinity, he is God and the Holy Spirit too.

8

What is meant by ‘Incarnation’? Why is it described as a ‘mystery’?

Jesus is the Son of God born as a human. It is a mystery as the truth of this event and its means is beyond human understanding.

9

What is the Holy Trinity?

That God is three divine people - the Holy Spirit, God and Jesus

10

Why did Jesus send the Holy Spirit to his followers?

The Holy Spirit was sent in Jesus’ place in order to answer our unanswered questions in the absence of Jesus.

11

What sacraments fill people with the Holy Spirit?

Baptism and Confirmation.

12

What are the Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit?

-Wisdom
-Understanding
-Right Judgement
-Courage
-Knowledge
-Reverence
-Wonder and awe in God’s Presence

These gifts relate to discovering answers to the ‘human heart questions’ or strengthening them to live the answers.

13

Jesus came to complete the teachings of the Father in several ways. Explain Jesus’ teaching on; the Trinity, the church and the Eucharist.

-By revealing the trinity, that God is a Trinity. (In the One God there are three divine Persons, the Holy Spirit, Jesus and God himself)

-God revealed how to relate with others; Jesus by actions and words showed that genuine love is shown by serving the good of others.

-By teaching the Jews to worship in community gatherings and to pray to God personally each day.

-By revealing to the followers how he wanted them to worship; during the Last Supper he gave his Church the Eucharist.

14

What are the 5 major responsibilities that Jesus gave to the Apostles?

-To be principal teachers of the Gospel
-To interpret the Gospel
-To govern the Church in the name of Jesus
-To guide his followers to live as he taught
-To ensure that the sacraments were celebrated properly

15

What is it meant by Tradition? What work does the Holy Spirit do through Tradition?

Tradition is the handing on of the teachings of the Apostles under the Holy Spirit’s guidance.

16

Complete the following sentences:
Popes today are elected by special bishops called _________. A ________ is gathering during which these men elect a new Pope.

Popes today are elected by special bishops called cardinals. A conclave is gathering during which these men elect a new Pope.

17

Complete the following sentences:
_____________ is the gift of the Holy Spirit which protects the Church from error.

When solemnly defining matter of faith and morals. It protects the ______ from making errors in understanding and teaching the essential aspects of Jesus’ message and how it applies to ______ and _______.

Infallibility is the gift of the Holy Spirit which protects the Church from error.

When solemnly defining matter of faith and morals. It protects the church from making errors in understanding and teaching the essential aspects of Jesus’ message and how it applies to faith and morals.

Faith and moral can too be replaced by the term ‘Christian living’.

18

What are cardinals and conclaves?

Cardinals are special bishops that elect the Pope.
A conclave is gathering where cardinals elect a new Pope.

19

What is Infallibility?

Infallibility is the gift of the Holy Spirit which protects the Church from error.

When solemnly defining matter of faith and morals. It protects the church from making errors in understanding and teaching the essential aspects of Jesus’ message and how it applies to faith and morals.

Faith and moral can too be replaced by the term ‘Christian living’.

20

List doctrines (teachings) where infallibility has been used. Why do you think it was used in each case?

The Creed during Sunday Mass; is to show our faith and remind us of the true events of Jesus so that the Church can define matters relating to Him through teachings and how they are lived, solemnly.

The Incarnation; this is a VERY important event of Jesus’ life and infallibility is used so when being taught it shall always be defined accurately and respectfully.

The Trinity; this is a concept that must be understood well especially as it links majority of the Catholic faith together, so when this teaching is spread, it can be done so correctly in a formal way.

21

Explain what is meant by the Church’s Magisterium and what is it unable to change?

The Magisterium is the teaching body of which leaders of the Church who have spiritual gifts for guiding and preserving Jesus’ teachings spread the teachings by teaching, explaining and applying. It consists of the Pope and bishops throughout the world.

But, the magisterium cannot change the teachings of Jesus by permitting something that contradicts a teaching of god.

22

What is the name of the current Pope?

Pope Francis

23

How is a Pope elected?

The Holy Spirit guided the Apostles to choose the method of election, either by drawing lots or voting.

A maximum of 120 cardinals are summoned to have a secret conclave. Then voting rituals are done in the Sistine Chapel, a decision is done and then a new Pope is announced.

24

Define Apostolic Succession:

The passing on of the spiritual gifts and authority in the church from the Apostles to the bishops.

25

Define Infallibility:

A gift from the Holy Spirit that protects the church from error.

26

Define Cardinals and Conclave:

Cardinals are special bishops or a high priests that votes for an elected Pope.

Conclaves are a adhering during which the Cardinals elect a Pope.

27

What did Jesus reveal about life after death?

Teachings from the Old Testament couldn’t find answers to this question and so Jesus answered instead through his teachings that as soon as people die, they are destined for eternal friendship with God in heaven.

28

Define Popes and Bishops:

Leaders within the Church today who have the spiritual gifts and are successors of the Apostles.

29

Define Apostles:

The first leaders of the community, exclusively used for the people who knew Jesus themselves.
-A messenger and ambassador.

30

What happened at Pentecost? What did they gain?

From Pentecost onwards the followers would be guided by the Holy Spirit.

They were filled by the Holy Spirit by:
-Sacraments
-The seven gifts