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Flashcards in Revsion Deck (25):
1

What is the skull also known as?

Cranium

2

What is a joint?

It is a place where 2 or more bones meet

3

What is synovial fluid

It helps lubricate the joint

4

What is cartilage

It reduces fraction and acts as a shock absorber

5

What is a ligament

It joins bone to bone which stabilises the joint.

6

Name 2 types of joints

Moveable and fixed

7

What is the trachea?

It has rings of cartilage to keep it open

8

What does the ribcage do?

The bones (ribs) protect the lungs.

9

What does the heart do?

It pumps blood around your body it is easier as it is a muscle.

10

What is the bronchiole?

A small tube for air to travel in

11

What does the alveolus do?

It is where the oxygen gets diffused into the blood

12

What is the hierarchy of living organisms?

Organism e.g human
Organ systems e.g circulatory system
Organs e.g heart
Tissues e.g muscles
Cells e.g nerve

13

What is an antagonistic muscle pair?

When one of the pair is relaxed the other is either tensed or working and vice versa.

14

Give an example of an antagonistic muscle pair

Biceps and triceps

15

What is a tendon?

It attaches a muscle to a bone

16

What is the jaw bone?

Mandible

17

What is another word for collar bone

Clavicle

18

What are the small bones protecting the spine?

Vertebrae

19

What is the big bone in the middle of your ribcage?

Sternum

20

What are the 2 lowest bones in your arm?

Ulna and radius

21

What is another word for the knee cap?

Patella

22

What is the bone nearest to your thigh?

Femur

23

What is another word for the shin bone

Tibia

24

What is another word for the hip bone?

Pelvis

25

What elements are present in water

Hydrogen and oxygen