Flashcards in Rhetoric Deck (19):
An inference drawn from insufficent evidence
Incorrect assumption that one event caused another event. Correlation does not imply causation.
Unfair oversimplification of an issue by providing only two options as a possible solution. "If you aren't first, you're last."
Exaggeration of the likely consequences of an action, designed to show that a misstep today could result in a disaster in the future.o
Arguments urging you to follow the same path that everyone else is taking. This technique is commonly used to sway two groups: teens and voters.
Playing on readers' emotions to distract them from the facts.
Using fear to sway people by exaggerating possible dangers well beyond their statistical likelihood.
Appeal to False Authority
Presenting an unqualified person or institution as a source of credible information
In Latin, this means: to the man. When you attack a person's character instead of the quality of his/her ideas. Tu quoque is a specific type of ad hominem when you basically call someone a hypocrite instead of debating his/her ideas.
Misrepresenting or twisting someone's argument so its easier to attack and knock down.
Subject, Occasion, Audience, Purpose, Speaker, Tone
An appeal to ethics and credibility
An appeal to emotion
An appeal to logic
Ethos, Pathos, Logos
Use sound reasoning and facts to convince readers
Use feelings rather than facts
Example of Hasty Generalization
My new Toyota broke down, so all Toyota's must be poorly made.