Rhetoric Flashcards Preview

9th grade English > Rhetoric > Flashcards

Flashcards in Rhetoric Deck (19):
1

Hasty Generlization

An inference drawn from insufficent evidence

2

Faulty Causality

Incorrect assumption that one event caused another event. Correlation does not imply causation.

3

Either/Or

Unfair oversimplification of an issue by providing only two options as a possible solution. "If you aren't first, you're last."

4

Slippery Slope

Exaggeration of the likely consequences of an action, designed to show that a misstep today could result in a disaster in the future.o

5

Bandwagon

Arguments urging you to follow the same path that everyone else is taking. This technique is commonly used to sway two groups: teens and voters.

6

Sentimental Appeal

Playing on readers' emotions to distract them from the facts.

7

Scare Tactics

Using fear to sway people by exaggerating possible dangers well beyond their statistical likelihood.

8

Appeal to False Authority

Presenting an unqualified person or institution as a source of credible information

9

Ad Hominem

In Latin, this means: to the man. When you attack a person's character instead of the quality of his/her ideas. Tu quoque is a specific type of ad hominem when you basically call someone a hypocrite instead of debating his/her ideas.

10

Straw Man

Misrepresenting or twisting someone's argument so its easier to attack and knock down.

11

SOAPSTONE

Subject, Occasion, Audience, Purpose, Speaker, Tone

12

Ethos

An appeal to ethics and credibility

13

Pathos

An appeal to emotion

14

Logos

An appeal to logic

15

Rhetorical Appeals

Ethos, Pathos, Logos

16

Logical Appeals

Use sound reasoning and facts to convince readers

17

Emotional Appeals

Use feelings rather than facts

18

Example of Hasty Generalization

My new Toyota broke down, so all Toyota's must be poorly made.

19

Sentimental Appeal, what fact did the Apple ad want viewers to overlook?

That teens don't always use their phones to make sentimental videos.