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Flashcards in Rheum Deck (16):
1

Bone is replaced by fibroblasts, collagen, and irregular bony trabeculae

Polymostotic fibrous

2

Soft bones due to defect mineralization of osteoid

Osteomalatica/ dysplastica

3

Failure of bone resorption --> thickened and dense bones

Osteopetrosis

4

Genetic deficiency of carbonic anhydrase II

Osteopetrosis

5

Tennis Elbow

Lateral Epicondylitis

6

Golfer's Elbow

Medial epicondylitis

7

Dislocated shoulder

head of humerus rotates out of the glenoid cavity

8

Separated shoulder

Clavicle separates from the acromion and corcoid process of scapula

9

Muscles of rotator cuff
Initial 15 degrees of arm abduction

Supraspinatus

10

Muscles of rotator cuff
External rotation of arm

Infraspinatus, teres minor

11

Muscles of rotator cuff
Internal rotation of arm

Sub scapularis

12

Ligaments injured during ankle sprain

Lateral Anterior talofibular ligament
Calcaneofibular ligament
Posterior talofibular ligament

13

Tenderness in the anatomical snuffbox

Scaphoid fracture

14

Pain & stiffness in shoulders & hips (proximal) often with fever, malaise, weightloss
does NOT cause muscular weakness
most common in women >50 associated with giant cell temporal arteritis

Polymyalgia Rheumatica

15

Progressive symmetric proximal muscle weakness, characterized by endomysial inflammation with CD8_ T cells; often involves shoulders

Polymyositis
Increase CK + Aldolase

16

like Polymyositis + malar rash, gottron papules, heliotrope (arthematous periorbital) rash, "shawl & face" rash

Dermatomyositis