Flashcards in Rhône Valley Theory Deck (98)
What is the French name for the Northern Rhone? The Southern Rhone?
Rhône septentrionale (North)
Rhône méridionale (South)
The Northern Rhone extends from what city to which city?
Vienne to Valence
The Southern Rhone starts in what city and funnels outwards toward which city?
From Montélimar funneling outward towards Avignon
Who was the first to construct the terraces in the Rhone Valley?
When did Pope Clement V move the papal court to Avignon?
Merchants of Bordeaux blended what “manly” wine with theirs during the 18th and 19th centuries?
Chateauneuf-du-Pape became the first AOC in France in what year?
How does the climate of the Northern Rhone differ from that of the Southern Rhone in regards to temperature, rainfall, and annual sunlight hours?
The Northern Rhône is more continental with greater seasonal temperature shifts, more rainfall, and fewer annual hours of sunshine than the southern appellations.
The Southern Rhône is firmly Mediterranean in climate with less seasonal temperature variations, less rainfall, and more sunshine hours.
What is the Mistral and where does it come from? Which seasons does it impact the vineyards of the Northern Rhone the most? What benefit does it provide?
Cold, dry wind that blows down from the Massif Central impacting the Northern Rhône in winter and spring.
The benefit of the wind is that it dries the vineyards, preventing mold and mildew from taking hold.
What is the unique soil type found in Condrieu called? What is it composed of?
Composed of a thin topsoil layer of rich, powdery, decomposed mica
What are the best soil types that characterize the best vineyards of Côte Rôtie, Condrieu, and Hermitage?
heat-retaining granitic and schistous soils
What type of soil is found in higher proportions in St-Joseph, Crozes-Hermitage, and St-Péray?
Heavier soils with clay
Which white grape in the Rhone Valley is known for its oily texture and marzipan character?
Which white grape adds acidity and a waxy minerality to wines?
What are the grape requirements for Hermitage AOP red wines? White?
Rouge Syrah with max 15% Marsanne/Roussanne
Name two producers of Vin de Paille in Hermitage.
Name 5 producers of Hermitage.
Jean Louis Chave
Paul Jaboulet Aîné
What is the name of the French war hero who lived on the hill of Hermitage that ultimately gave the hill its name?
Gaspard de Stérimberg
Where is Crozes-Hermitage located in relation to Hermitage? How do they differ stylistically?
Located behind and around the hill of Hermitage.
The wines of Crozes-Hermitage are generally lighter and less ageworthy
What are the grape requirements for Crozes-Hermitage red wines?
Syrah with a maximum combined 15% Marsanne and Roussanne
Name 5 producers of Crozes-Hermitage.
What does Côte Rôtie mean? Who is the largest producer there?
What direction do the best vineyards in Côte Rôtie face?
What are the two slopes nearest to Ampuis that are considered the heart of the appellation? How do they differ stylistically?
Côte Brune and Côte Blonde
Blonde produces wines that are softer, earlier maturing, and alluring wines
Brune produces stronger, more assertive, and longer-lived wines
Name three La-La vineyards.
Which appellations is physically the smallest red wine appellation in the Northern Rhone?
What is the name of the major soil type in Cornas and what is it composed of?
Why is Cornas among the warmest wine regions in the Northern Rhone?
The sun's warmth is magnified by the gore (naked granite) and the appellation itself is shielded from the Mistral.
What are the 4 lieux-dits of Cornas?