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Flashcards in Riess SCIENCE of empathy Deck (12):
1

What is empathy?

The capacity of a human to understand the suffering of another person and experience it themselves in an attenuated form

2

Why do you think it decreases during medical training?

During medical training, you are more focused on making sure the standards/ criteria's are met rather than focusing on any client interaction they have.

3

Which are the repercussions of uncompassionate care?

• A lack of adherence to recommended treatment
• Distrust with health-care providers
Patient dissatisfaction

4

Discuss the role that inner imitation plays in patient-doctor relationship.

• Allows doctors to be compassionate as they are able to xp themselves the suffering of their patient which means a more meaningful relationship rather than just by the text-book
• Better diagnosis since the patient will feel they are well understood so more likely to share thoughts + pains which will help with the diagnosis process

5

Why is attenuation helpful?

• Prevents from the empathic person from causing themselves distress by relating it too much to their our personal distress which would render us unable to help other people
• So it allows us to be empathic enough to show compassion to the sufferer and offer help

6

Discuss the meaning of empathic biases and how these can expand to medical settings.

• It means you are more likely to be empathic towards people who are similar to you
• If the doctor can see themselves in the patient, they are likely to be more compassionate

7

How could these biases be overcome?

Enhancing perspective taking
• By engaging with our cognitive empathy
○ Imagine their pain as if we were feeling them

8

All perceptions in our environment are routed…

1. Thalamus
2. Amygdala - threat sensor + reacts
3. Midbrain - fof UNLESS…there is cognitive input from:
4. PFC

9

When does cognitive empathy come in?

when there is a lack of emotional empathy between the differences - because of evolutionary bias

10

If a health care system that does not value its workforce + offer equal rights + protection for all risk…

1. Attrition
2. Systemic distress
3. Burnout
4. Loss of trust in the health-care system
5. Tarnish institutional reputations

11

What are known to be pre-cursor of empathy?

1. Perspective taking
2. Valuing a person

12

Why is self-empathy necessary?

to ensure health-care workers have the necessary resources to remain empathic toward others
- empathy-training programs?