Flashcards in Riess SCIENCE of empathy Deck (12):
What is empathy?
The capacity of a human to understand the suffering of another person and experience it themselves in an attenuated form
Why do you think it decreases during medical training?
During medical training, you are more focused on making sure the standards/ criteria's are met rather than focusing on any client interaction they have.
Which are the repercussions of uncompassionate care?
• A lack of adherence to recommended treatment
• Distrust with health-care providers
Discuss the role that inner imitation plays in patient-doctor relationship.
• Allows doctors to be compassionate as they are able to xp themselves the suffering of their patient which means a more meaningful relationship rather than just by the text-book
• Better diagnosis since the patient will feel they are well understood so more likely to share thoughts + pains which will help with the diagnosis process
Why is attenuation helpful?
• Prevents from the empathic person from causing themselves distress by relating it too much to their our personal distress which would render us unable to help other people
• So it allows us to be empathic enough to show compassion to the sufferer and offer help
Discuss the meaning of empathic biases and how these can expand to medical settings.
• It means you are more likely to be empathic towards people who are similar to you
• If the doctor can see themselves in the patient, they are likely to be more compassionate
How could these biases be overcome?
Enhancing perspective taking
• By engaging with our cognitive empathy
○ Imagine their pain as if we were feeling them
All perceptions in our environment are routed…
2. Amygdala - threat sensor + reacts
3. Midbrain - fof UNLESS…there is cognitive input from:
When does cognitive empathy come in?
when there is a lack of emotional empathy between the differences - because of evolutionary bias
If a health care system that does not value its workforce + offer equal rights + protection for all risk…
2. Systemic distress
4. Loss of trust in the health-care system
5. Tarnish institutional reputations
What are known to be pre-cursor of empathy?
1. Perspective taking
2. Valuing a person