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Flashcards in (RM) Types of Experiments Deck (8)
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1
Q

What is a laboratory experiment?

A

Experiment conducted in a highly controlled environment

2
Q

What are the + and - of laboratory experiments?

A

+ Highly controlled - assume cause and effect
+ Replicable
- Highly artificial - lacks ecological validity
- Demand characteristics
- Can have ethical issues
- Lacks mundane realism

3
Q

What is a natural experiment?

A

Experiment that isn’t deliberately manipulated by the researcher, but occurs naturally

4
Q

What are the + and - of natural experiments?

A

+ High ecological validity
+ Reduced demand characteristics - unaware of experiment
- Can’t assume cause and effect
- Events may happen rarely

5
Q

What is a field experiment?

A

Experiment that is performed in a natural setting

IV is manipulated by researcher

6
Q

What are the + and - of field experiments?

A
\+ Good external validity
\+ Reduced demand characteristics
\+ High mundane realism
- Less control
- Hard to replicate
- Can have ethical issues
7
Q

What is a quasi experiment?

A

Experiment where IV isn’t manipulated by anyone

Research simply just exists

8
Q

What are the + and - of quasi experiments?

A

+ Controlled conditions
+ Replicable
- Can’t assume cause and effect - confounding variables
- Cannot randomly allocate