Role of environmental and occupational hazards in ill-health Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Role of environmental and occupational hazards in ill-health Deck (19):
1

What are the major physical occupational hazards? (9)

Noise & vibration
Radiation
Manual handling
Repetitive work
Stressful work
Extremes of temperature
High humidity
Machinery
Poor lighting

2

What are the major chemical occupational hazards? (4)

Dusts
Fumes
Vapours
Corrosive

3

What are the major biological occupational hazards? (3)

Exposure to bacteria, fungi, parasites
Work with livestock or animal products
Work in hospitals or medical laboratories

4

What three major blood borne viruses are biological occupational hazards?

HIV
Hep B
Hep C

5

What three major hospital acquired infections are biological occupational hazards?

Pseudomonas
Streptococcus
MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus)

6

What are the major psychosocial occupational hazards? (3)

Stress
Burnout
Occupational stress leading to burnout

7

Is the incidence of stress, depression or anxiety caused or made worse by work increasing or decreasing?

Decreasing slightly, but the estimated number and rate have remained broadly flat for more than a decade.

8

What was the prevalence of stress, depression or anxiety caused or made worse by work in 2015/16?

About 1510 per 100,000

9

What did the Labour Force Survey find with regards to the total number of cases of work related stress, depression or anxiety in 2015/16?

488,000 cases

10

What was the number of new cases of work related stress, depression or anxiety in 2015/16?

224,000 (690 per 100,000)

11

What was the total number of working days lost due to this work-related stress, depression or anxiety in 2015/16?

11.7 million days

12

In 2015/16 stress accounted for __% of all work related ill health cases and __% of all working days lost due to ill health.

37%
45%

13

In what industries is stress more prevalent?

Public service industries, such as education, health and social care, and public administration and defence.

14

What were the main work factors cited by respondents as causing work related stress, depression or anxiety? (4)

Workload pressures
Tight deadlines
Too much responsibility
Lack of managerial support

15

What do healthcare professionals consider their main work-related pressures to be? (5)

Targets (including financial targets)
Heavy workloads
Lack of staffing resources
Bureaucracy
Emotional nature of their work

16

How do medical students experience at a higher rate than the general population?

Depression, burnout, and mental illness

17

Are mental health problems more common in male or female students?

Female

18

What other group suffers more mental health problems?

LGBT

19

What are the two most common mental health problems among students?

Depression and anxiety