Romanian Orphan Studies - Effects of Institutionalisation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Romanian Orphan Studies - Effects of Institutionalisation Deck (17):
1

Define privation, in relation to attachment

Where a child has never had an attachment to its mother / caregiver

2

Define deprivation, in relation to attachment

Where an attachment was once formed but is now broken

3

Name the psychologist that looked into Romanian orphanages

Rutter et al.

4

What type of study was Rutter's study?

Longitudinal study

5

Describe the sample used in Rutter's study

111 Romanian orphans who were adopted by British families
52 UK adoptees

6

Briefly describe the procedure of Rutter et al.

Romanian orphans were adopted before 6 months old and after 6 months
Each child was assessed at ages 4, 6, 11
Compared with group of UK adoptees

7

What were the results from Rutter et al. study?

Those who were younger than 6 months when they were adopted had a similar level of emotional development as the UK children adopted at the same age.

Romanian orphans who were older than 6 months showed signs of insecure attachments and social problems, unlike the UK children.

8

What did Rutter conclude from this study?

The effects of privation can be reversed if an attachment starts to form before the age of 6 months.

9

List some long-term effects of institutionalisation

Affectionless psychopathy
Impaired social and intellectual development
Delinquency
Physical underdevelopment (smaller, weighed less)
Reduced intelligence
Clingy
Less empathy

10

What was the aim of Rutter et al. Romanian Orphan study?

To investigate the long-term effects of institutionalisation and privation

11

How was data collected in the Romanian Orphan study?

Through interviews

12

What is a strength of research into the effects of institutionalisation?

We can apply our knowledge to improve care in orphanages and reduce the amount of orphans.

13

What is a strength of using a longitudinal study?

Can accurately conclude effects of institutionalisation. Measures the effects (including LT effects), giving the study high internal validity

14

What is a limitation of a longitudinal study?

Time-consuming
High drop-out rates

15

What is a research limitation of Rutter et al.?

Subjective data collection e.g. interviews, affected by social desirability / bias

Extraneous variables e.g. quality of individual care, cannot be controlled. Cannot establish a cause and effect relationship.

16

What is a weakness of Rutter et al.?

OPA - some research suggests children are unable to recover from privation/deprivation, however Rutter disagrees. E.g. some babies may be naturally happier and therefore draw more attention from carers than other babies.

17

What is an application of Rutter et al.?

Early adoption in the first few weeks is ideal because the child will suffer fewer problems.
(Rutter found that those adopted later, had the most severe problems).