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Flashcards in RPVI-venous Deck (18)
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1

what is abnormal for refill time with ppg

<20 seconds because refill with reflux

2

how do you evaluate reflux with tourniquets?

if normal with tourniquet above the knee then reflux above
failure of above knee and below knee then deep vein insufficiency

3

will ppg work with dvt

NO

4

what is the dvt protocol

compression
color
spectral

5

is acute thrombus hypo or echogenic?

hypo echoic then become echogenic

6

what is the insufficiency criteria for duplex

deep >1 sec
superficial system >.5
perferator >.35 seconds

7

how to tell if reflux?

flow after the augment is in an opposite direction

8

e

right renal artery usually more anterior

9

What are normal ranges for the abdo arteries

prox aorta 23
mid 20
distal 15
CIA 10

Abdo >3 aneurismal or if focal dilation >1cm

10

what does the aorta waveform look like above renals? below the rentals

monophasic
multiphasic

11

sma is high resistance
celiac is low resistance

sma fasting high resistant more triphasic
once post prandial get mono phasic and low resistance
same for IMA

12

ima usually mono phasic (notch does touch line) but high pulsatility

3`

13

what are criteria for >70% for celiac and sma and ima?

>200cm/s
>275 cm/s
>200cm/s

14

how do you tell hepatic veins or portal veins?

HV orientation north-south and branch points point to diaphragm
HV< echogenic then PV
HV squiggly (2 steps forward, one step back from atrial kick). blood flow down
PV more continuous flow carrying blood into the liver same direction as arteries
PV east-west

15

what does buds chiari syndrome do

hv or ven cava obstructed with thrombus or timor. flow is then abnormal
<50 cm/sec abnormal

16

cirrhosis

can have thickened GB from ascites
nodules in liver
free fluid

17

what is normal tips flow

135-200 should be >50
turbulent flow
hepatofugal flow (into the liver)
HA PSV 80-130
MOV PSV 30-60

18

tips stenosis

filling defect
MPV 200
velocity change >50 cm/s