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1

A tool for learning to read

phonics

2

phonics is a tool

reading is the goal

3

Introduce chart

teacher says
students repeat
teacher and student say
teacher points out interesting sound, spellings

4

voiceless consonants

c,f,k,h,p,t,s,x

5

voiced consonants

b,d,g,j,l,m,n,q,r,v,w,y,z

6

key to effective teaching

careful planning

7

k before

i and e

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c before

aou

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ke usually follows

silent sound

10

sc usually goes in

beginning or middle of a word

11

sk usually goes

anywhere in the word

12

ck us always preceeded by a

short vowel

13

the beginning word

root word

14

a letter of group of letters added at the end of a word to change the meaning of make a new word

suffix

15

a hyphen usually shows that the sound is a

suffix

16

when a root word ends with a single consonant and the vowel is short...

the consonant is usually doubled before adding a suffix that begins with a vowel sound

17

when a root word ends with a y and the suffix begins with an e...

change the y to an i before adding the suffix with an e

18

6 steps to reading

1 learn to recognize the short vowels and their sounds
2 learn to recognize the consonants and their sounds
3 learn to blend
4 learn to sound one-vowel words
5 learn the sounds of the long vowels. learn to sound 2 vowel words
6 learn and apply the special phonic sounds

19

the x sound (ks) comes at the

end of a word

20

are almost always together in a word

qu

21

when there is one vowel in a word

it usually says its short sound

22

the long vowel sounds are

the same as their names

23

when e or o or y is the only vowel at the end of a short word, it usually says

its long sound

24

ay usually comes at

the end of a word

25

the special sound ou usually comes

in the middle of a word

26

the special sound ow usually comes before

n or L or at the end of a word

27

oi usually comes at

the middle of a word

28

oy usually comes

at the end of a word

29

when y comes at the end of a long word, it usually says

long e

30

wh says "h" when followed by

o