S. 112 NBC Flashcards Preview

FMF > S. 112 NBC > Flashcards

Flashcards in S. 112 NBC Deck (93):
1

What does NATO stand for

North Atlantic treaty organization

2

what color is the nbc chemical marker

yellow background w red text

A image thumb
3

what color is the nbc bio marker

blue background w red text

A image thumb
4

what color is the nbc radiological marker

white background w black text "atom"

A image thumb
5

what color is the nbc chemical minefield marker

red background w yellow text "gas mines" and stripe

6

what shape are the nbc contamination markers?

right isosceles triangle 90/45/45 11x8"

A image thumb
7

what does the m40 fpm consist of

- faceblank

- filter canister

- dual voicemitter assemblies

- inlet/outlet valves

- water drinking system

8

how is an nbc attack expressed vocally 

9

how is an nbc attack expressed visually 

10

how is an nbc attack expressed be percussion 

- metal on metal

- metal triangles 

- sirens

- intermittent horns 

11

where should your rifle be placed when donning fpm?

12

where should headgear be placed when donning fpm

on rifle

13

what piece should be covered on the fpm to clear it

14

the m40 fpm is designed to protect the wearer from what 2 things?

15

the m40 fpm should be donned, cleared, and sealed within what time frame

9 seconds + 6 sec to put hood in place. 

16

what lead to the concept of MOPP

the need to balance protection with the threat, temp, and urgency of the mission 

17

commanders can adjust the mopp protection though how many levels

18

what is mopp ready

when mask is carried

19

what is mopp level 0

20

how long does it take to use m256a1

approx 15min

21

what advantage does the m256a1 have over the m8 and m9

22

how many rolls of m9 tape are issued to a squad 

23

where is m9 tape warn 

24

what is the purpose of m9 tape

25

what is m9 tape primarily used on

barely visible droplets

26

what color will m9 tape turn once in contact with contamination

light pink, reddish brown or violet tint

27

what is m8 paper used on

suspected liquid forms

28

how much m8 paper should be used to test liqued

29

what can some decontaminan produce on m8 paper

false positives

30

What are 3 immediate decon techniques

Skin decon Personnel wipe down Operators spray down

31

What are 2 operational decon techniques

Vehicle wash down Mopp gear exchange

32

What are 3 thorough decon techniques

Detailed troop detailed equipment Detailed aircraft

33

During nuclear attack one should lay down w head in what direction

Toward blast

34

During nuclear attack one should lay face down for how long

90 sec or until debris stops falling

35

What are the physical characteristics of nerve agents

Odorless Almost colorless liquids Varying greatly in viscosity and volatility

36

Nerve agents can penetrate cloth in what form

Liquid or vapor

37

What material is resistant to nerve agents

Butyl rubber and synthetics eg. Polyester

38

What do nerve agents inhibit

Normal transmission of nerve impulses in the parasympathetic autonomic nervous system

39

Nerve agent reaction with cholinesterase tends to be...

Irreversible.

40

When will nerve agents cause the pupils to constrict

When intoxicated by vapor

41

When will nerve agents cause local muscular twitching

Exposure to skin

42

Nerve agent antidotes should not be given for what purpose?

Preventative

43

Service members are issued how many 2mg atropine auto injectors

3

44

Service members are issued how many 600mg 2-pam cl auto injectors

3

45

Atropine should be administered how frequently

Every 15 min until atropinization occurs (noted by tachycardia and dry mouth)

46

What will atropine alone not relieve

Respiratory muscle failure

47

Pralidoxime chloride is used to regenerate what

Blocked chol-in-ester-ase

48

Atropine should be held firmly at the injection site for at least how long

10 sec

49

Non medical personnel may give how many 2-pan cl

3 @ 15 min intervals PRN

50

What are the 3 common blister agents

Mustard (HD) Nitrogen Mustard (HN) Lewisite (L)

51

When do mustards manifest sy

Several hours after exposure

52

What do mustards attack

Eyes Respiratory tract Skin

53

Treatment for mustard

None (supportive in nature)

54

What are the physical characteristics of mustard (blister) agents

Oily Colorless Pale yellow liquids Sparingly soluble water (HN less volatile and more persistent then HD)

55

Photophobia

Mustard (blister)

56

Mustard causes blistering in what time frame

12-48 hours

57

Lewisite is an....

Arsenical

58

What are the physical characteristics of lewisite

Light to dark brown liquid that vaporizes quickly

59

When does a lewisite cause intense pain

Upon contact

60

A 30% solution of sodium sulfacetamide may be used within 24hr to combat what

Eye infection caused by lewisite

61

When is British anti-lewisite indicated

Systemic involvement of lewisite

62

What is available in a peanut oil suspension for injection

Dim-er-cap-rol

63

Greater than 3mg of BAL will cause what

Severe sy

64

What do blood agents interfere with

Enzyme functions i.e. Block of oxygen transfer

65

What is the blood agent AC

Hydro-cyanic acid

66

What is the blood agent CK

Cyan-ogen chloride

67

When are blood agents in a gaseous state

Normal temperatures and pressures

68

When do violent convulsions occur after exposure to blood agents

20-30 seconds

69

What are the 2 suggested antidotes for blood agents

Amyl nitrite Sodium thiosulfate

70

What odor is associated with blood agents

Almonds

71

How is amyl nitrate used

2 ampules crushed in hand and held at victims nose (repeated up to 8 ampules)

72

How is sodium thiosulfate administered

100-200 mg/kg IV over 9 min (speed is key)

73

State 4 choking agents

Phos-gene (CG) - most common Di-phos-gene Chlorine (CL) Chloro-pic-rin

74

What are the physical characteristics of choking agents

Colorless gas Smells like new mown lawn or cut grass

75

When exposed to a choking agent there may be no symptoms for up to how long

2-6 hr

76

What is the treatment for choking agents

Complete bed rest

77

Incapacitating agents are mainly comprised of what

Psycho chemicals

78

How are incapacitating agents administered.

Contaminating food/water Released as aerosols.

79

How soon do the first sy appear when exposed to incapacitating agents

30 min to several hours

80

What is the standard incapacitant in the US

3-quin-ucli-dinyl benz-ilate (BZ)

81

What is rhe drug of choice for incapacitating agents

Physo-stig-mine (results show in 4 hrbut must be cont.)

82

What are 2 categories of harassing agents.

Lacrimators/vomiting agents.

83

What are 2 types of tear gas

Chloracetophenone (CN) Orthochlorobenzilidine malanonitrile (CS) - more potent

84

What are 3 principle vommiting agents

Adamsite (DM) Di-phenyl-chloro-ar-sine (DA) Di-phenyl-cyan-o-ar-sine (DC)

85

How are vomiting agents released

Aerosols

86

What are sy/sx of vomiting agents

Strong pepper-like irritation in upper respiratory tract Burning in nose/throat Hyper Salivation Headache

87

Why do victims of vomiting agents tend to remove their mask

Sy increase for several min in spite of adequate protection.

88

How should duties be carried out when exposed to vomiting agents

As vigorously as possible

89

What first aid is given for vomiting agents

Wash and rinse w/water Mild analgesic may be given for headache (recov within 1-3 hr)

90

What are the characteristics of white phosphorus (WP)

Pale/Waxy solid Ignites on contact with o2 Gives off hot, dense smoke Composed of phosphorus pentoxide particles

91

What treatment should be rendered when burning particles of (WP) embed in the skin

Covered with water Wet cloth or mud 0.5% solution of copper sulfate may be used as a rinse but not a dressing.

92

What are 3 levels of decon

Immediate Operational Thorough

93