Flashcards in S. Health Terms Deck (36):
any of various glands that have no duct and pour their secretions directly into the lymph or blood circulating through them -- called also ductless gland
a product of living cells that circulates in body fluids (as blood) that stimulates other body cells to do something.
a small oval endocrine organ located at the base of the brain that produces various hormones that regulate especially growth and reproduction
pair of glandular pouches that lie one on either side of the male reproductive tract and in the human male secrete a sugar- and protein-containing fluid into the ejaculatory duct
an organ found in men and male animals that produces the liquid in which sperm is carried. This gland increases in size and can sometime develop cancer. Normal screening reduces cancer risks.
either of two small glands lying on either side of the male urethra below the prostate gland and discharging a secretion into the semen that neutralizes conditions inside urethra.
a sperm-carrying duct in the male beginning at the epididymis and eventually joins the duct of the seminal vesicle to form the ejaculatory duct
male reproductive glands that produces sperm and secretes testosterone and is contained in the scrotum.
a system of ducts leading from the testis that holds sperm during maturation before uniting into the vas deferens
Cancer of the testicles usually occurring between ages 15-35
usually two organs in women and female animals that produce eggs and female hormones
A female egg cell
the organ in women in which babies develop before birth
one mutually faithful sexual partner
Vertical transmission (HIV)
spreading disease from mother to baby
one egg leaving a woman’s ovary once a month.
either of the pair of tubes that carry the egg from the ovary to the uterus
the mucous membrane lining the uterus
a discharging of blood, secretions, and tissue debris from the uterus that occurs when a women’s egg is not fertilized. This occurs typically every 25-28 days
the narrow end at the opening of a woman's uterus
Toxic shock syndrome
a serious illness that is caused by bacteria and occurs especially in women who use tampons
union of egg and sperm
the developing human individual from the time of implantation to the end of the eighth week after conception
a membrane forming a fluid-filled cavity (the amniotic sac) that encloses the embryo.
a long, narrow tube that connects an unborn baby to the placenta of its mothe
relating to pregnant women and their unborn babies
a test of amniotic fluid to check the health of the baby before he/she is born
a photograph of a woman's breasts made by X-rays used to check for abnormally growing lumps
Pandemic vs epidemic
Pandemic is a world wide spread of a disease and epidemic is a regional outbreak of disease (upper Midwest influenza outbreak)
inability to conceive (males and females both)
synthetic progesterone that stops ovulation and increases cervical mucus
female sex hormone that prepares the endometrium for implantation of the newly fertilized egg
hormone that is responsible for the development of female secondary sex characteristics and promote the growth and maintenance of the female reproductive system
stimulates especially the contraction of uterine muscle and the secretion of milk
Follicle stimulating hormone
a hormone that stimulates the growth of the ovum-containing follicles in the ovary and that activates sperm-forming cell