Flashcards in S1 Test 1: Chapters 1-5 Deck (33)
Columbus was born in the country of ___ but sailed from ___.
The discoverer of the Pacific Ocean
Vasco Nuñez de Balboa
The explorer whose expedition was the first to sail around the world
___ founded the colony of Virginia, which he named after ___.
Sir Walter Raleigh; Queen Elizabeth I
credited with saving Jamestown
husband of Pocahontas
___ founded the colony of Maryland as a refuge for ___.
George Calvert; Catholics
The Pilgrims laded at ___ in ___ (year).
The ___ tried to make reforms within the Anglican Church.
The city of New York was originally known as ___ and was settled by the ___.
New Netherland; Dutch
The colony of Pennsylvania, meaning ___, was founded by ___, who was of the ___ religion.
Penn's Woods (Latin); William Penn; Quaker
The witch trials of 1691-1692 were held in ___, ___.
The colony of Georgia was founded by ___ as a refuge for ___.
James Oglethrope; poor debtos
remembered as the founder of Rhode Island
The religious revival which swept the colonies in the mid-1700s
The French and Indian War lasted from ___ until ___. The two sides were the ___ versus the ___.
1756 until 1763; British, French
The Battle of Quebec was a victory for the ___, although their general, ___, was killed
British; James Wolfe
England's king just before and during the American Revolutionary War
The Stamp Act of 1765 placed a tax on what?
various printed documents
The President of the Second Continental Congress
represented the defendants in the Boston Massacre Trials
The first blood shed in the American Revolution was on ___ (complete date) in the town of ___, ___.
April 19, 1775; Lexington, Massachusetts
The committee of five which drafted the Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, Robert Livingston
After the American victory at the Battle of ___ in October 1777, the British offered generous terms, which were refused because ___ had entered the war on the American side.
In 1778, General ___ captured three British forts for the Americans, thus securing the Northwest for the U.S.
George Rogers Clark
America's first naval hero
John Paul Jones
The military-naval campaign of ___ in 1781 was the last major battle of the Revolution and saw the British commander ___ surrender his army to General ___.
Yorktown; Lord Cornwallis; Washington
The war was ended when a treaty called ___ was signed in ___ (year)
The Treaty of Paris; 1783
Supporters of the ratification of the Constitution were known as ___.