S1 Test 1: Chapters 1-5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in S1 Test 1: Chapters 1-5 Deck (33)
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1

Columbus was born in the country of ___ but sailed from ___.

Genoa; Spain

2

The discoverer of the Pacific Ocean

Vasco Nuñez de Balboa

3

The explorer whose expedition was the first to sail around the world

Ferdinand Magellan

4

___ founded the colony of Virginia, which he named after ___.

Sir Walter Raleigh; Queen Elizabeth I

5

credited with saving Jamestown

John Smith

6

husband of Pocahontas

John Rolfe

7

___ founded the colony of Maryland as a refuge for ___.

George Calvert; Catholics

8

The Pilgrims laded at ___ in ___ (year).

Plymouth; 1620

9

The ___ tried to make reforms within the Anglican Church.

Puritans

10

The city of New York was originally known as ___ and was settled by the ___.

New Netherland; Dutch

11

The colony of Pennsylvania, meaning ___, was founded by ___, who was of the ___ religion.

Penn's Woods (Latin); William Penn; Quaker

12

The witch trials of 1691-1692 were held in ___, ___.

Salem, Massachusetts

13

The colony of Georgia was founded by ___ as a refuge for ___.

James Oglethrope; poor debtos

14

remembered as the founder of Rhode Island

Roger Williams

15

The religious revival which swept the colonies in the mid-1700s

Great Awakening

16

The French and Indian War lasted from ___ until ___. The two sides were the ___ versus the ___.

1756 until 1763; British, French

17

The Battle of Quebec was a victory for the ___, although their general, ___, was killed

British; James Wolfe

18

England's king just before and during the American Revolutionary War

George III

19

The Stamp Act of 1765 placed a tax on what?

various printed documents

20

The President of the Second Continental Congress

John Hancock

21

represented the defendants in the Boston Massacre Trials

John Adams

22

The first blood shed in the American Revolution was on ___ (complete date) in the town of ___, ___.

April 19, 1775; Lexington, Massachusetts

23

The committee of five which drafted the Declaration of Independence

Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, Robert Livingston

24

After the American victory at the Battle of ___ in October 1777, the British offered generous terms, which were refused because ___ had entered the war on the American side.

Saratoga; France

25

In 1778, General ___ captured three British forts for the Americans, thus securing the Northwest for the U.S.

George Rogers Clark

26

America's first naval hero

John Paul Jones

27

The military-naval campaign of ___ in 1781 was the last major battle of the Revolution and saw the British commander ___ surrender his army to General ___.

Yorktown; Lord Cornwallis; Washington

28

The war was ended when a treaty called ___ was signed in ___ (year)

The Treaty of Paris; 1783

29

Supporters of the ratification of the Constitution were known as ___.

Federalists

30

A government in which power is divided between the central government and the states is called a ___ government.

federal