S2 Test 1: Chapters 20-26 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in S2 Test 1: Chapters 20-26 Deck (28)
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1

___ invented the sewing machine, which was popularized by ___.

Elias Howe; Isaac Singer

2

discovered the secret of wireless telegraphy

Guglielmo Marconi

3

the greatest leader in the iron and steel industry and was a famous philanthropist

Andrew Carnegie

4

The founder of Standard Oil who monopolized the oil industry

John D. Rockefeller

5

The founder of the greatest "money trust" that controlled a dozen banks and numerous corporation

J.P. Morgan

6

a London--born Jew who created the A.F. of L.

Samuel Gompers

7

Labor leader and organizer/head of the Socialist party

Eugene Debs

8

Of the 35 million immigrants who came to the U.S. between 1850 and 1930, the largest number came from ___, ___, and ___.

The U.K., Ireland, Germany

9

the inventor of barbed wire

J.F. Glidden

10

The two railroads that linked to form the first transcontinental railroad line

Union Pacific and the Central Pacific

11

The seventh Cavalry and its general, ___ were massacred in 1876 at the battle of the ___ by the Sioux Indians, led by ___ and ___.

George Custer; Little Big Horn; Sitting Bull; Crazy Horse

12

The three valuable minerals that were extensively mined in the western U.S.

gold, silver, copper

13

The 20th President, ___ was assassinated by ___ in 1881. His Vice President, ___ because President and surprised everyone by ___.

James Garfield; Charles Guiteau; Chester A. Arthur; eliminating corruption and fraud in the administration

14

Grover Cleveland was the first ___ elected President since before the Civil War. He is remembered for getting much-needed ___ ___ legislation passed by Congress.

Democrat; tariff reform

15

___ was the 23rd President and the grandson of ___.

Benjamin Harrison; William Henry Harrison

16

During the 1870s, 80s, and 90s, many senators and congressmen were unduly influenced by the powerful ___.

railroads

17

the main inventor of the reaper

Cyrus McCormick

18

The son of slaves, ___ was a famous botanist who found more than 300 uses for the ___.

George Washington Carver, peanut

19

___ was a Populist who ran unsuccessfully for President and advocated the silver standard. His nickname was ___.

William Jennings Bryan; the Great Commoner

20

The third President to be assassinated was ___. His assassin was ___.

William McKinley; Leon Czolgosz

21

The three great writers of the 1865-1910 period in America

Mark Twain, William Dean Howells, Henry James

22

published his Origin of Species in 1859

Charles Darwin

23

Known as "The Great Dissenter," ___ was a pragmatist and one of America's best-known Supreme Court Justices.

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.

24

Hearst and Pulitzer practiced sensationalism in their newspapers, often using loaded words. This practice is known as ___.

yellow journalism

25

the dramatic event which pushed the U.S. into war with Spain

the sinking of the Maine

26

The Spanish American War was fought in the country of ___ for the most part during the year ___.

Cuba; 1898

27

Commodore ___ sank the Spanish fleet in ___ (place).

Dewey; Manila Bay

28

Theodore Roosevelt led his troops, known as ___, in a famous charge up ___ during the Spanish American War.

Rough Riders; San Juan Hill