S2 Test 2: Chapters 27-31 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in S2 Test 2: Chapters 27-31 Deck (33)
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1

"Speak softly and carry a ___ ___" was an old adage quoted by Theodore Roosevelt in relation to his foreign policy.

big stick

2

The great engineering feat begun during his administration was the construction of the ___.

Panama Canal

3

The term applied by Roosevelt to those engaged in uncovering corruption in American society was ___. The greatest one was ___.

muckrakers; Lincoln Steffens

4

the founder of Hull House

Jane Addams

5

founder of the Tuskegee Institute

Booker T. Washington

6

What did the 17th Amendment put into law?

Popular election of senators

7

What did the 18th Amendment put into law?

Prohibition

8

What did the 19th Amendment put into law?

Womens' right to vote

9

Theodore Roosevelt's most important achievements came in the area of ___.

conservation

10

Theodore Roosevelt was the ___ man to ever be President, while Taft was the ___ President.

youngest; heaviest

11

Roosevelt and the Progressives differed with Taft and Conservative Republicans over the issue of the ___ ___.

protective tariff

12

Democrat Woodrow Wilson had been President of ___ University and Governor of ___ before he became U.S. President. He was able to defeat the Republicans in the election of 1912 because ___.

Princeton; New Jersey; Roosevelt and Taft split the opposition vote.

13

the Mexican revolutionary and bandit who caused much trouble for the United States

Pancho Villa

14

The years of World War I are ___ to ___.

1914-1918

15

The eventual entry into the war by the U.S. was a result of the receipt of the ___ note encouraging Mexico to invade U.S. if we entered the war and of the continued sinking of unarmed ships by German ___. One such ship was the ___ in 1915.

Zimmerman; U-Boats; Lusitania

16

The main European monarchs at the time of the war were ___ of England, ___ of Russia, and ___ of Germany.

George V; Nicholas II; Wilhelm II

17

The war expenses of the U.S. were financed by taxation, but mainly by the sale of ___ ___.

war bonds

18

The leader of the U.S. Expeditionary Forces in Europe

John J. Pershing

19

nickname of American soldiers

doughboys

20

The Americans were instrumental in saving Paris by helping defeat the Germans in the Second Battle of the ___. Next, they helped break the Hindenburg line with a victory in the ___ battle.

Marne; Meuse-Argonne

21

The Treaty of ___ ended the war, but it was not ratified by the U.S. because of Republican efforts in the Senate refusing to approve our entry into the ___.

Versailles; League of Nations

22

Four weapons of war used extensively for the first time in World War I

machine gun, tanks, poison gas, airplanes

23

Following World War I, the arts were impacted by a movement known as ___. This was largely the result of the writings and work of ___, ___, and ___>

Naturalism; Charles Darwin, Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud

24

Name four of the greatest novelist of this period.

F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Eugene O'Neil, William Faulkner

25

Name some of the novels of and the general subjects of the writings of F. Scott Fitzgerald

the pointlessness and unfulfilling nature of modern desires; This Side of Paradise, The Great Gatsby

26

Name some of the novels of and the general subjects of the writings of Ernest Hemingway

how to cope honorably with senseless violence; The Sun Also Rises, A Farewell to Arms

27

Name some of the novels of and the general subjects of the writings of Eugene O'Neill

many themes, but hopelessness and desperation is common; Long Day's Journey into Night

28

Name some of the novels of and the general subjects of the writings of William Faulkner

changing values of the South, the conflict of freedom, necessity, and liberation from the burden of history; The Sound and the Fury

29

___ was elected President in 1920 on a platform that urged "a return to ___." His administration is considered one of the nation's most scandalous because ___.

Warren Harding; normalcy; there was a corrupt alliance between two of his cabinet members and two businesses

30

The 30th President was Calvin Coolidge, whose nickname was ___.

Silent Cal