S2E2: GI Drugs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in S2E2: GI Drugs Deck (77):
1

sodium bicarb (alkaseltzer, baking soda)

antacid

2

calicum carbonate (tums, OsCal)

antacid

3

aluminum hydroxide gel (alternagel)

antacid

4

aluminum hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide (Maalox, Mylanta, Gaviscon)

antacid

5

Cimetidine (Tagamet)

H2 Blocker

6

Famotidine (Pepcid)

H2 Blocker

7

Nizatidine (Axid)

H2 Blocker

8

Ranitidine (Zantac)

H2 Blocker

9

-tidine

H2 Blocker

10

-prazole

PPI

11

esomeprazole (nexium)

PPI

12

omeprazole (prilosec)

PPI

13

lansoprazole (prevacid)

PPI

14

pantoprazole (protonix)

PPI

15

rabeprazole (aciphex)

PPI

16

dexlansoprazole (dexilant)

PPI

17

sucralfate

binder (good when avoiding ADRS- ie in pregnancy)

18

misoprostol

for NSAID induced ulcer

19

bismuth subsalicylate

coats ulcers

20

Pysllium (metamucil)

bulk formation laxative

21

methylcellulose (citrucel)

bulk formation laxative

22

polycarbophil (benefiber)

bulk formation laxative

23

mineral oil

stool softener

24

glycerin

stool softener

25

docusate (colace)

stool softener

26

magnesium oxide (milk of magnesia)

osmotic laxative

27

sorbitol and lactulose (chronulac)

osmotic laxative

28

magnesium citrate and sodium phosphate

osmotic laxative

29

polyethylene glycol (PEG, colyte, GoLytely, miralax)

osmotic laxative

30

castor oil

stimulant laxative

31

bisacodyl (dulcolax)

stimulant laxative

32

senna (senokot and ex-lax)

stimulant laxative

33

Lubiprostone (Amitiza)

Cl channel stimulator (for constipation)
IBS: Cl channel stimulator

34

Linaclotide (Linzess)

Increase Cl/Bicarb secretion (for constipation)

35

Loperaminde (imodium)

Antidiarrheal (opioid agonist)

36

Colloidal bismuth

antidiarrheal

37

polycarbophil

antidiarrheal
(also bulk forming laxative)

38

diphenoxylate/Atropine (Lomotil)

antidiarrheal (opioid agonist)

39

Dicyclomine (bentyl)

IBS: antispasmodic

40

hyoscyamine (Levsin)

IBS: antispasmodic

41

alosetron (lotronex)

IBS: serotonin receptor antagonist

42

Lactobacillus and bifidobacterium

IBS: probiotics

43

rifaximin (Xifaxan)

IBS: abx

44

mesalamine

IBD: aminosalicylate (5 ASA alone)

45

sulfasalazine (azulfidine)

IBD: aminosalicylate (azo compound)

46

olsalazine (dipentum)

IBD: aminosalicylate (azo compound)

47

balsalazide (colazal)

IBD: aminosalicylate (azo compound)

48

metronidazole

IBD: abx

49

ciprofloxacin

IBD: abx

50

budesonide (entocort EC)

Crohn's: corticosteroid

51

budesonide (uceris)

UC: corticosteroid

52

azathioprine

IBD: immunomodulartory agent

53

methotrexate

IBD: immunomodulartory agent

54

cyclosporine

IBD: immunomodulartory agent

55

tacrolimus (prograf)

IBD: immunomodulartory agent

56

infliximab (remicade)

IBD: immunosuppressing agent

57

adalimumab (humira)

IBD: immunosuppressing agent

58

certolizumab (cimzia)

IBD: immunosuppressing agent

59

golimumab (simponi)

IBD: immunosuppressing agent

60

mercaptopurine

IBD: immunomodulartory agent

61

ondansetron (zofran)

antiemetic: serotonin 5HT antagonist

62

granisetron (kyril)

antiemetic: serotonin 5HT antagonist

63

dolasetron (anzemet)

antiemetic: serotonin 5HT antagonist

64

palonosetron (aloxi)

antiemetic: serotonin 5HT antagonist

65

dexamethasone

antiemetic: steroid

66

prednisone

antiemetic: steroid

67

prochloperazine (compazine)

antiemetic: phenothiazine

68

promethazine (phenergan)

antiemetic: phenothiazine

69

metoclopramide (reglan)

antiemetic: benzamide
prokinetic agent: dopamine receptor antagonist

70

trimethobenzaminde (tigan)

antiemetic: benzamide

71

diphenhydramine (benadryl)

antiemetic: antihistamine

72

dimenhydrinate (dramamine)

antiemetic: antihistamine

73

meclizine (antivert)

antiemetic: antihistamine

74

doxylamine (unisom)

antiemetic: antihistamine

75

hyoscine (scopolamine)

antiemetic: antihistamine/anticholinergic

76

dronabinol (marinol)

antiemetic: THC derivative

77

neostigmine

prokinetic agent: cholinomimetic (acetylcholinesterase inhibitor)