S3 Test 3: Chapters 32-36 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in S3 Test 3: Chapters 32-36 Deck (31)
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1

Franklin D. Roosevelt holds the record among all U.S. Presidents for ___. Why will this likely never be broken?

most terms elected; Because of the Twenty-Second Amendment, which limits presidential terms

2

The years of World War II are ___ to ___.

1939 to 1945

3

List the names and nicknames of Europe's three Fascist dictators.

Germany - Adolf Hitler/ Der Fuhrer;
Italy - Benito Mussolini/ II Duce;
Spain - Francisco Franco/ El Caudillo

4

The invasion of ___ by ___ began World War II

Poland; Germany

5

the party ruling Germany

Nazis

6

The emperor of Japan during the war

Hirohito

7

Communist dictator of the USSR during the war

Joseph Stalin

8

fierce German attack on other countries was known as the ___, meaning "lightning war."

Blitzkrieg

9

America declared war on the Axis powers after a sneak attack on ___ (place) on Sunday, ___ (complete date).

Pearl Harbor; December 7, 1941

10

Because of this attack, almost all of America's ___ was destroyed.

Pacific Fleet

11

The Great Britain Prime Minister during the war

Winston Churchill

12

The Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during WWII

Dwight D. Eisenhower

13

The date of the allied invasion at Normandy, France

June 6, 1944

14

The war with Japan ended when the atomic bombs were dropped on ___ and ___ on ___ (month/day) and ___ (month/day) in ___ (year).

Hiroshima; Nagasaki; August 6; August 9; 1945

15

The decision to drop these bombs was made by President ___.

Truman

16

The biggest upset in Presidential election history was in the election of 1948 when ___ defeated ___

Harry Truman; Thomas Dewey

17

The Korean War lasted from ___ to ___, and technically was not a war, but a ___.

1950 to 1953; police action/ armed intervention

18

Dwight D. Eisenhower was not a politician, but was elected solely on the basis of what?

his military success in World War II

19

U.S. relations with Cuba were severely damaged when it became a Communist country under the leadership of ___.

Fidel Castro

20

The powerful founder and leader of Communist China was ___

Mao Tse-tung

21

The period following World War II when the U.S. and Soviet Russia were at odds and used espionage, money, and material aid to counteract each other's influence was known as the ___.

Cold War

22

responsible for the Great Society

Lyndon Johnson

23

responsible for the New Frontier

John F. Kennedy

24

the Great Communicator

Ronald Reagan

25

watergate was his downfall

Richard Nixon

26

governor of Georgia and a peanut farmer

Jimmy Carter

27

He said, "Mr. Gorbachev, tear down that wall!"

Ronald Reagan

28

He said, "Well, I'm not a crook."

Richard Nixon

29

He said, "Ask not what your country can do for you ..."

John F. Kennedy

30

He said, "We have nothing to fear but fear itself."

Franklin D. Roosevelt