Flashcards in SABT 4 A OFFICER SAFETY Deck (24):
ID APPROPRIATE ACTIONS THAT MAY BE TAKEN WHEN REASONABLE SUSPICIOUS EXISTS.
MORE THAN AN HUNCH, LESS THAN PC
-YOU CAN STOP AND DETAIN FOR BRIEF INVESTIGATION
-LEO HAS TO ARTICULATE SPECIFIC FACTS THAT CAUSED THE SUSPICION OF A CRIME OCCURRED OR ABOUT TO OCCUR
-If u think it is weapon you need to= FRISK outer clothing
-Can Frisk Vehicle but not locked containers
ID ISSUES RELATED TO ARREST
Need PC to arrest, = Any Federal Felony
-or based on Arrest Warrant = Criminal Complainant, information,
-MISD= no authority unless witness or got a arrest warrant
ID THE CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH AN OFFICER MAY USE FORCE TO EXECUTE A WARRANT (SEARCH OR ARREST) ACCORDING TO THE PROVISIONS 18 USC SECTION 3109.
KNOCK and Announce= knock, ID, purpose SW, demand entry, wait reasonable time and if you think the person is inside the house.
-15 to 20 sec could be enough time
-facts known to LEO determine a reasonable PERIOD OF TIME
-EXCEPTION= HOT PURSUIT HAS TO BE CONTINUALLY IN NATURE.
-DESTRUCTION OF EVIDENCE
-DANGEROUS PERSON (THREAT LEO) = NO KNOCK WARRANT NEED TO ARTICULATE
ID THE DEGREE OF FORCE, WHICH MAY INCLUDE DEADLY FORCE, THAT MAY BE USED TO
EFFECT AN ARREST.
CAN USE USE REASONABLE FORCE TO GET THE JOB DONE=
DEADLY FORCE (MINIMALLY NECESSARY)
ID THE SCOPE AND PURPOSE OF A PROTECTIVE SWEEP.
- looking for people in people size places,
-looking of dangers to the officers, ie. close, bathtub,
-can search whole house if you have reasonable belief that another person is in the house.
-If arrested outside= can you look inside= depends, if walks out apt and he hangs with a gang= yes,
Mansion= if at mail box = no
SW = always Do protective sweek
Arrest W= area you arrest the person CAN CHECK
DESCRIBE CIRCUMSTANCES IN WHICH A PERSON ON THE PREMISES MAY OR MAY NOT BE SEARCHED OR FRISKED DURING EXECUTION OF A PREMISE SEARCH WARRANT.
-Anyone who can help you execute the warrant can help LEO
-You can detain people when doing a SW if subject is on the property at the time of execution of the warrant Michigan V Summers.
-Cant detain anyone else who is visitors,
-detain to see if part of the crime
LIST THE REQUIREMENTS AND DESCRIBE THE SCOPE OF SEARCH INCIDENT TO ARREST.
SIA= every time you arrest someone, if possible use LEO, not mandatory, (look for weapons, contraband, criminal evidence, or means of escape)
-If you think guns are in the car you can search the car, if arrested inside a car, you can search whole car, even locked containers.
Sup Ct. said you can = you cant look in personal devices= SIA, get a Search Warrant based on PC, you can seize, put in Faraday Bag and will need Search Warrant and Probable cause.
ID THE REQUIREMENTS ALLOWING AN INVENTOR OF IMPOUNDING PROPERTY.
inventory policy =
Protect ATF personnel, Protects owners property, protects ATF from dispute over lost property=
can go through items (inventory)
WHAT IS 18 USC Section 3051
Arrest and Search and Seizure Authority
WHAT HAS No time constraints on the arrest, 24-7 good, can enter in a person home, Reasonable belief that the person is in the house.
taken DNA for EVERYone they arrest, FBI run the program = person has to cooperate, has to use reasonable means to get the collection
DNA and Fingerprint Act
what is ATF 3020.2A
ATF USE OF FORCE & WEAPONS POLICY
THE 4TH AMENDMENT PROTCT _____ AND NOT ____
TRUE OR FALSE, PC ALONE IS NEVER ENOUGH TO JUSTIFY A WARRANTLESS SEARCH
WHAT IS THE SEIZURE OF A PERSON IN A MEANINGFUL INTERFERENCE WITH A PERSON RIGHT OF MOVEMENT BY GOV THR MEANS INTENTIONALLY APPLIED
4TH AMENDMENT SEIZURE OF A PERSON
crossing the threshold without permission
officer presence, identification, verbal commands and physical control technique, such as come alongs, touch pressure points, and empty hand strikes
weapon control techniques
may use only when necessary that a LEO has reasonable belief that the subject of such force pose an imminent danger of death or serious injury to the officer or to another person
when do LEO give verbal warnings
if feasible and when doing so would not increase danger to the LEO or to others
are warning shots permitted
no but they are inside of a prison
True or False,
can weapons be fired solely to disable a vehicle
False, can shot at the driver or other occupant of a moving vehicle, when LEO think the subject pose an imminent danger are death to LEO or others PUBLIC SAFETY benefits must outweigh the risk to the safety of the LEO
force is only that amount of force minimally necessary to reasonably assure compliance with ur lawful commands
Permissible or Reasonable Force
based to the totality of circumstances the reasonableness of a particular use of force must be judged from the_____
perspective of a reasonable LEO, rather than the 20/20 vision of hindsight
-must be objectively reasonable