Saliva, Salivary Glands & The Tongue Flashcards Preview

Dental Nursing > Saliva, Salivary Glands & The Tongue > Flashcards

Flashcards in Saliva, Salivary Glands & The Tongue Deck (24):
0

What are the three salivary glands?

Parotid gland
Submandibular gland
Sublingual gland

1

Where is the parotid gland situated?

In front of the ear

2

Which is the largest gland?

Parotid

3

Which gland produces 20% of saliva?

Parotid

4

What is another name for the parotid duct?

Stetsons duct (just above the upper molars)

5

What is parotitis?

Mumps

6

Which gland is more likely to be affected by tumours?

Parotid

7

What is the smallest gland?

Sublingual gland

8

Where is the sublingual gland situated?

In the floor of the mouth above the mylohyoid line

9

How much saliva does the sublingual gland produce?

5%

10

What type of saliva does the parotid gland produce?

Serous

11

What type of saliva does the sublingual gland produce?

Mucous

12

Which gland has ductus of rinivus?

Sublingual gland

13

What is saliva made up of?

99.5% water and 0.5% other substances...
Minerals,calcium,phosphate
Enzymes
Antibodies (immunoglobins)
Gases
Mucus
Serum proteins

14

How does saliva aid mastication and deglutition?

Helps form a good bolus and aids swallowing

15

What are the nine properties of saliva?

Mastication
Deglutition
Digestion
Protection
Buffering
Lubrication
Taste
Remineralisation
Maintains water balance

16

When salvia enters the mouth what does it become?

Unsterile

17

What is the term for the overproduction of saliva?

Ptyalism

18

What is glossitis?

Inflammation of the tongue

19

Products that can aid xerostomia?

Fluoride
Aloe Vera
Chewing gum
Biotene/bioextra
Toothpastes without sodium lauryl sulphate

20

What is the upper surface of the tongue called?

Dorsal surface

21

What is the under surface of tongue called?

Ventral surface
(Absorb meds easily)

22

What are the five functions of the tongue?

Taste
Mastication
Speech
Cleansing
Protection

23

What are the hairs on taste id'd called?

Microvilli