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Flashcards in Sample Music Theory Flashcards Deck (29):
1

Staff or stave

 

The fundamental latticework of music notation, upon which symbols and notes are placed.

2

Ledger or ledger lines

Ledger lines are used to extend the staff to pitches falling above or below it, and extend a small distance to each side.

3

Bar line

Bar lines are used to separate measures.

4

Double bar line

Double bar lines are used to separate two sections or phrases of music.

5

Dotted bar line

A dotted bar line subdivides long measures into shorter segments for ease of reading.

6

Accolade, brace

An accolade or brace connects multiple lines of music that are played simultaneously. Depending on the instruments playing, the brace, or accolade, will vary in design and style.

7

Treble clef (G clef)

The treble clef symbol is used to show where the pitch G, denoted by the center spiral, above middle C is located on the staff.  It is also the most commonly used clef in music notation.

8

Alto and tenor clef (C clef)

This clef points to the line or space representing middle C. Also called the "alto clef". 

9

Bass clef (F clef)

The line or space between the dots in this clef denotes F below middle C. 

10

Neutral clef

The neutral clef is used for pitchless instruments, such as some of those used for percussion.

11

Breve or double whole note

Note lasting twice as long as the whole note, or twice as long as the number of beats per measure.

12

Semibreve, or whole note

Note lasting the full count of the measure

13

Minim, or half note

 

Note played for two quarter note counts

 

14

Crotchet, or quarter note

 

Note played for one quarter note beat

 

15

Quaver, or eighth note

 

Note lasting one eighth note beat

 

16

Semiquaver, or sixteenth note

 

Note lasting one sixteenth note beat

 

17

Demisemiquaver, or thirty-second note

 

Note lasting one thirty-second note beat

 

18

Hemidemisemiquaver, or sixty-fourth note

 

Note lasting one sixty-fourth note beat

 

19

Beamed notes

Beams connect eighth notes and notes of shorter value. Used for numerical grouping, making it easier on the reader.

20

Dotted note

Note lasting the full count of the note, plus half of its value. The quarter note shown would last a total of three eighth notes.

21

   

 

Major second or whole step

 

22

   

 

Major seventh

 

23

   

 

Perfect fifth

 

24

   

 

Minor sixth

 

25

   

 

Perfect fourth

 

26

    

 

Minor third

 

27

   

 

Major sixth

 

28

   

 

Tritone

 

29

   

 
 

Minor Second