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Flashcards in Sample Music Theory Flashcards Deck (29):
1

Staff or stave

 

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The fundamental latticework of music notation, upon which symbols and notes are placed.

2

Ledger or ledger lines

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Ledger lines are used to extend the staff to pitches falling above or below it, and extend a small distance to each side.

3

Bar line

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Bar lines are used to separate measures.

4

Double bar line

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Double bar lines are used to separate two sections or phrases of music.

5

Dotted bar line

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A dotted bar line subdivides long measures into shorter segments for ease of reading.

6

Accolade, brace

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An accolade or brace connects multiple lines of music that are played simultaneously. Depending on the instruments playing, the brace, or accolade, will vary in design and style.

7

Treble clef (G clef)

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The treble clef symbol is used to show where the pitch G, denoted by the center spiral, above middle C is located on the staff.  It is also the most commonly used clef in music notation.

8

Alto and tenor clef (C clef)

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This clef points to the line or space representing middle C. Also called the "alto clef". 

9

Bass clef (F clef)

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The line or space between the dots in this clef denotes F below middle C. 

10

Neutral clef

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The neutral clef is used for pitchless instruments, such as some of those used for percussion.

11

Breve or double whole note

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Note lasting twice as long as the whole note, or twice as long as the number of beats per measure.

12

Semibreve, or whole note

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Note lasting the full count of the measure

13

Minim, or half note

 

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Note played for two quarter note counts

 

14

Crotchet, or quarter note

 

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Note played for one quarter note beat

 

15

Quaver, or eighth note

 

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Note lasting one eighth note beat

 

16

Semiquaver, or sixteenth note

 

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Note lasting one sixteenth note beat

 

17

Demisemiquaver, or thirty-second note

 

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Note lasting one thirty-second note beat

 

18

Hemidemisemiquaver, or sixty-fourth note

 

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Note lasting one sixty-fourth note beat

 

19

Beamed notes

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Beams connect eighth notes and notes of shorter value. Used for numerical grouping, making it easier on the reader.

20

Dotted note

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Note lasting the full count of the note, plus half of its value. The quarter note shown would last a total of three eighth notes.

21

   

 

Major second or whole step

 

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Major seventh

 

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Perfect fifth

 

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Minor sixth

 

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Perfect fourth

 

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Minor third

 

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Major sixth

 

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Tritone

 

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Minor Second