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Flashcards in Sample Vocab Flashcards Deck (54):
1

Define:

aseptic
(uh-sep-tik)

adj. free of pathogens or germs
adj. with little or no emotion

Doctors are always careful to use aseptic surgical equipment to prevent infection.

2

Define:

prolix
(proh-liks)

adj. wordy or prolonged; tedious in length

The prolix manuscript took days to read.

3

Define:

foolhardy
(fool-hahr-dee)

adj. reckless, unwisely bold; thoughtlessly rash

It was a foolhardy attempt to climb the Sears Tower that went very wrong.

4

Define:

picaresque
(pik-uh-resk)

adj. involving clever rogues in episodes of comedy or adventure

Huck Finn is a picaresque hero.

5

Define:

raucous
(raw-kuhs)

adj. rough sounding, harsh
adj. boisterous, rowdy, disorderly

The raucous laughter went on long into the night.

6

Define:

providential
(prov-ih-den-shuhl)

adj. to occur as if from divine intervention

His providential recovery, when it seemed that he would surely succumb, brought hope to many.

7

Define:

antipodal
(an-tip-uh-dl)

adj. diametrically opposed to, polar opposite
adj. on the opposite side of the earth

The couple had totally antipodal personalities, but they enjoyed each other's company.

8

Define:

pillory
(pill-uh-ree)

v. to punish; to hold up for public scorning
n. a wooden framework with holes for head and hands, in which criminal offenders are held

Dan was pilloried in class for his inability to spell "potato".

9

Define:

infelicitous
(in-fuh-liss-ih-tuss)

adj. unfortunate, awkward, inappropriate

In Thailand, it is considered infelicitous to touch someone's head.

10

Define:

dilatory
(dil-uh-tawr-ee)

adj. tending to delay, put off, or procrastinate
adj. intended to slow progress

Courtney employed dilatory tactics in the debate in order to collect her thoughts, but the judges noticed and she was docked a point.

11

Define:

impregnable
(im-preg-nuh-bul)

adj. able to withstand attack

The fortress was surrounded by a moat so as to make it impregnable.

12

Define:

daft
(daft)

adj. mad, crazy
adj. foolish

The daft man was walking about the room conversing with himself.

13

Define:

solemn
(sol-uhm)

adj. deeply earnest, grave
adj. of a very serious nature; gloomy

Carter's solemn voice made his family suspect that a tragedy had occurred.

14

Define:

impromptu
(im-promp-too)

adj. spontaneously done without preparation

During a lull in the live broadcast, the host began an impromptu dance number with some of the contestants.

15

Define:

impudent
(im-pyuh-dent)

adj. improperly disrespectful

The girl was forced to apologize in front of the class for her impudent attitude towards her teachers.

16

Define:

bedizen
(bih-dahy-zuhn)

v. to adorn, usually in a poorly conceived or tasteless manner

Paula was bedizened with gaudy decorations.

17

Define:

incense
(in-sense)

v. to make angry

The class's behavior incensed the teacher to the point that she gave them all extra homework.

18

Define:

volition
(voh-lish-uhn)

n. a conscious decision or the capability of choosing
n. willingness

Though his friends had egged him on, it was determined that Pat stole the sunglasses of his own volition.

19

Define:

tamp
(tamp)

v. to plug
v. to drive in or down by a series of blows

They tamped down the soil around the base of the new sapling.

20

Define:

steel
(steel)

v. to make hard, strong or obdurate
v. to fill with determination

John realized that he would lose the chess match and steeled himself for disappointment.

21

aqua

water

aquatic (pertaining to water)
aqueduct (water channel)

22

astro

star

astronomy (study of celestial objects)
astrogeny (theory of the origin of stars)

23

brachio

arm

bracelet (chain worn on arm)
brachiate (having arms)

24

calc

stone

calculate (to work something out)
recalcitrance (defiance or stubbornness)

25

calli

beautiful

calligraphy (beautiful writing)

26

camer

vault or chamber

bicameral (with two chambers)
incameration (uniting lands into one chamber belonging to the Church)

27

centr, centri

center

eccentric (off center or strange)
Eurocentric (centered on Europe)

28

cogn, gnos

to know or think

cognition (process of thinking)
agnostic (one who doesn't know)

29

contra, counter

opposite

contradiction (statement that opposes a previous statement or intent)
counterintuitive (opposite of what one would expect)

30

magn

great

magnificent (splendid)

31

main

foremost

mainstream (dominant course)
mainsail (the principal sail)

32

mal

bad or badly

malformation (bad structure)
malady (disease of the body)

33

ortho

straight or correct

orthopedics (the correction or prevention of foot deformities)
orthodontist (the correction or prevention of irregularities of the teeth)

34

pute

think

impute (to attribute, to think of as)
putative (commonly thought)

35

retro

backwards

retrospect (a review of past events)
retrogression (a return to a previous state)

36

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. free of pathogens or germs
adj. with little or no emotion

aseptic
(uh-sep-tik)

synonyms: barren, clean; withdrawn, introverted

37

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. wordy or prolonged; tedious in length

prolix
(proh-liks)

synonyms: lengthy, rambling

38

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. reckless, unwisely bold; thoughtlessly rash

foolhardy
(fool-hahr-dee)

synonyms: daredevil, venturous, risky

39

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. involving clever rogues in episodes of comedy or adventure

picaresque
(pik-uh-resk)

synonyms: roguish, satirical

40

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. rough sounding, harsh
adj. boisterous, rowdy, disorderly

raucous
(raw-kuhs)

synonyms: noisy, chaotic

41

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. to occur as if from divine intervention

providential
(prov-ih-den-shuhl)

synonyms: accidental, convenient, fortunate

42

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. diametrically opposed to, polar opposite
adj. on the opposite side of the earth

antipodal
(an-tip-uh-dl)

synonyms: opposed, contrary, counter

43

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to punish; to hold up for public scorning
n. a wooden framework with holes for head and hands, in which criminal offenders are held

pillory
(pill-uh-ree)

synonyms: ridicule, abuse

44

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unfortunate, awkward, inappropriate

infelicitous
(in-fuh-liss-ih-tuss)

synonyms: improper, ill suited

45

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. tending to delay, put off, or procrastinate
adj. intended to slow progress

dilatory
(dil-uh-tawr-ee)

synonyms: dallying, sluggish, tardy

46

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. able to withstand attack

impregnable
(im-preg-nuh-bul)

synonyms: impenetrable, unassailable

47

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. mad, crazy
adj. foolish

daft
(daft)

synonyms: absurd, insane

48

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. deeply earnest, grave
adj. of a very serious nature; gloomy

solemn
(sol-uhm)

synonyms: quiet, serious, grave, somber

49

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. spontaneously done without preparation

impromptu
(im-promp-too)

synonyms: improvised, unrehearsed, spontaneous

50

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. improperly disrespectful

impudent
(im-pyuh-dent)

synonyms: cocky, insolent, overbearing

51

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to adorn, usually in a poorly conceived or tasteless manner

bedizen
(bih-dahy-zuhn)

synonyms: clothe, embellish, garnish

52

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make angry

incense
(in-sense)

synonyms: fire up, enrage

53

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a conscious decision or the capability of choosing
n. willingness

volition
(voh-lish-uhn)

synonyms: choice, option, preference

54

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to plug
v. to drive in or down by a series of blows

tamp
(tamp)

synonyms: fill, jam; ram, butt, drive