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Flashcards in SAT 10 Deck (45):


inclined or eager to fight; aggressively hostile; belligerent; pugnacious. | warlike; aggressive; ready to fight



to bring to a state of perfection; fulfill. | to complete (an arrangement, agreement, or the like) by a pledge or the signing of a contract: The company consummated its deal to buy a smaller firm. | to complete (the union of a marriage) by the first marital sexual intercourse. | complete or perfect; supremely skilled; superb: a consummate master of the violin. | being of the highest or most extreme degree: a work of consummate skill; an act of consummate savagery. | to bring to completion or perfection; fulfil | to complete (a marriage) legally by sexual intercourse | accomplished or supremely skilled: a consummate artist | (prenominal) (intensifier): a consummate fool |



affected with or colored by or as if by jaundice : jaundiced skin. | affected with or exhibiting prejudice, as from envy or resentment: a jaundiced viewpoint. | Also called icterus. Pathology. yellow discoloration of the skin, whites of the eyes, etc., due to an increase of bile pigments in the blood, often symptomatic of certain diseases, as hepatitis.
Compare physiologic jaundice. | grasserie. | a state of feeling in which views are prejudiced or judgment is distorted, as by envy or resentment. | to distort or prejudice, as by envy or resentment: His social position jaundiced his view of things. | Also called icterus. yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes due to the abnormal presence of bile pigments in the blood, as in hepatitis | a mental state of bitterness, jealousy, and ill humour resulting in distorted judgment | to distort (the judgment, etc) adversely: jealousy had jaundiced his mind | to affect with or as if with jaundice



any plant of the genus Urtica, covered with stinging hairs. Compare nettle family. | any of various allied or similar plants. | to irritate, annoy, or provoke. | to sting as a nettle does. | grasp the nettle, Australian. to undertake or tackle an unpleasant task. | any weedy plant of the temperate urticaceous genus Urtica, such as U. dioica (stinging nettle), having serrated leaves with stinging hairs and greenish flowers | any of various other urticaceous plants with stinging hairs or spines | any of various plants that resemble urticaceous nettles, such as the dead-nettle, hemp nettle, and horse nettle | grasp the nettle, to attempt or approach something with boldness and courage | to bother; irritate



of the highest kind, quality, or order; surpassing all else or others; supreme; extreme: superlative wisdom. | Grammar. of, pertaining to, or noting the highest degree of the comparison of adjectives and adverbs, as smallest, best, and most carefully, the superlative forms of small, good, and carefully.
Compare comparative (def 4), positive (def 20). | being more than is proper or normal; exaggerated in language or style. | a superlative person or thing. | the utmost degree; acme. | Grammar.
the superlative degree.
a form in the superlative. | of outstanding quality, degree, etc; supreme | (grammar) denoting the form of an adjective or adverb that expresses the highest or a very high degree of quality. In English the superlative degree is usually marked by the suffix -est or the word most, as in loudest or most loudly Compare positive (sense 10), comparative (sense 3) | (of language or style) excessive; exaggerated | a thing that excels all others or is of the highest quality



to sharpen (a knife, tool, etc.) by grinding or friction. | to make keen or eager; stimulate: to whet the appetite; to whet the curiosity. | the act of whetting. | something that whets; appetizer or drink. | Chiefly Southern U.S.
a spell of work.
a while: to talk a whet. | to sharpen, as by grinding or friction | to increase or enhance (the appetite, desire, etc); stimulate | the act of whetting | a person or thing that whets |



warlike; given to waging war. | of warlike character; aggressively hostile; bellicose: a belligerent tone. | waging war; engaged in war: a peace treaty between belligerent powers. | pertaining to war or to those engaged in war: belligerent rights. | a state or nation at war. | a member of the military forces of such a state. | marked by readiness to fight or argue; aggressive: a belligerent tone | relating to or engaged in a legally recognized war or warfare | a person or country engaged in fighting or war |



reluctant to give or spend; stingy; miserly. | meanly or ungenerously small or scanty: a niggardly tip to a waiter. | in the manner of a niggard. | stingy or ungenerous | meagre: a niggardly salary | stingily; grudgingly


Red tape

excessive formality and routine required before official action can be taken. | obstructive official routine or procedure; time-consuming bureaucracy | Official forms and procedures, especially those that are complex and time-consuming. For example, There's so much red tape involved in approving our remodeling that we're tempted to postpone it indefinitely. This expression alludes to the former British custom of tying up official documents with red ribbon.
[ Early 1800s



churlishly rude or bad-tempered: a surly waiter.
Synonyms: sullen, uncivil, brusque, irascible, splenetic, choleric, cross; grumpy, grouchy, crabby. | unfriendly or hostile; menacingly irritable: a surly old lion.
Synonyms: threatening, malevolent. | dark or dismal; menacing; threatening: a surly sky.
Synonyms: ominous. | Obsolete. lordly; arrogant. | sullenly ill-tempered or rude | (of an animal) ill-tempered or refractory | dismal | (obsolete) arrogant



caused by or showing sincere remorse. | filled with a sense of guilt and the desire for atonement; penitent: a contrite sinner. | full of guilt or regret; remorseful | arising from a sense of shame or guilt: contrite promises | (theol) remorseful for past sin and resolved to avoid future sin



(sometimes initial capital letter) a person who is lacking in or hostile or smugly indifferent to cultural values, intellectual pursuits, aesthetic refinement, etc., or is contentedly commonplace in ideas and tastes. | (initial capital letter) a native or inhabitant of ancient Philistia. | (sometimes initial capital letter) lacking in or hostile to culture. | smugly commonplace or conventional. | (initial capital letter) of or belonging to the ancient Philistines. | a person who is unreceptive to or hostile towards culture, the arts, etc; a smug boorish person | a member of the non-Semitic people who inhabited ancient Philistia | (sometimes not capital) boorishly uncultured | of or relating to the ancient Philistines |



having a pleasant odor; fragrant. | odorous or smelling (usually followed by of): redolent of garlic. | suggestive; reminiscent (usually followed by of): verse redolent of Shakespeare. | having a pleasant smell; fragrant | (postpositive; foll by of or with) having the odour or smell (of); scented (with): a room redolent of country flowers | (postpositive; foll by of or with) reminiscent or suggestive (of): a picture redolent of the 18th century



obtained, done, made, etc., by stealth; secret or unauthorized; clandestine: a surreptitious glance. | acting in a stealthy way. | obtained by subreption; subreptitious. | done, acquired, etc, in secret or by improper means | operating by stealth | characterized by fraud or misrepresentation of the truth



sincere penitence or remorse. | Theology. sorrow for and detestation of sin with a true purpose of amendment, arising from a love of God for His own perfections (perfect contrition) or from some inferior motive, as fear of divine punishment (imperfect contrition) | deeply felt remorse; penitence | (Christianity) detestation of past sins and a resolve to make amends, either from love of God (perfect contrition) or from hope of heaven (imperfect contrition)



the spirit, policy, or practice of jingoes; bellicose chauvinism. | the belligerent spirit or foreign policy of jingoes; chauvinism



not easily excited to action or display of emotion; apathetic; sluggish. | self-possessed, calm, or composed. | of the nature of or abounding in the humor phlegm. | having a stolid or unemotional disposition | not easily excited



to dress again. | the setting right of what is wrong: redress of abuses. | relief from wrong or injury. | compensation or satisfaction for a wrong or injury. | to set right; remedy or repair (wrongs, injuries, etc.). | to correct or reform (abuses, evils, etc.). | to remedy or relieve (suffering, want, etc.). | to adjust evenly again, as a balance. | to put right (a wrong), esp by compensation; make reparation for: to redress a grievance | to correct or adjust (esp in the phrase redress the balance)



obtained, done, made, etc., by stealth; secret or unauthorized; clandestine: a surreptitious glance. | acting in a stealthy way. | obtained by subreption; subreptitious. | done, acquired, etc, in secret or by improper means | operating by stealth | characterized by fraud or misrepresentation of the truth



full of, marked by, or proceeding from wiles; crafty; cunning. | characterized by or proceeding from wiles; sly or crafty



stubbornly perverse or rebellious; willfully and obstinately disobedient. | stubbornly resistant to authority; wilfully obstinate



to bring into discord or conflict; involve in contention or strife. | to throw into confusion; complicate. | to involve (a person, oneself, etc) in trouble, conflict, or argument | to throw (affairs) into a state of confusion or disorder; complicate; entangle



free from guile; sincere; honest; straightforward; frank. | free from guile; ingenuous



given to, characterized by, intended for, or suited to joking or jesting; waggish; facetious: jocular remarks about opera stars. | characterized by joking and good humour | meant lightly or humorously; facetious



of no recognized, definite, or particular type or kind: a nondescript novel; a nondescript color. | undistinguished or uninteresting; dull or insipid: The private detective deliberately wore nondescript clothes. | a person or a thing of no particular or notable type or kind. | lacking distinct or individual characteristics; having no outstanding features | a nondescript person or thing



to strip ruthlessly of money or goods by open violence, as in war; plunder: The barbarians pillaged every conquered city. | to take as booty. | to rob with open violence; take booty: Soldiers roamed the countryside, pillaging and killing. | the act of plundering, especially in war. | booty or spoil. | to rob (a town, village, etc) of (booty or spoils), esp during a war | the act of pillaging | something obtained by pillaging; booty



an injury, as from a blow with a blunt instrument, in which the subsurface tissue is injured but the skin is not broken; bruise. | an injury in which the skin is not broken; bruise



jolly or merry mood, condition, or activity; gaiety. | jollities, jolly festivities. | the condition of being jolly



a person or thing of no importance. | something that does not exist or exists only in imagination. | nonexistence. | an insignificant person or thing | a nonexistent thing | the state of not existing; nonexistence



the principle or practice of referring measures proposed or passed by a legislative body to the vote of the electorate for approval or rejection. Compare initiative (def 4a). | a measure thus referred. | a vote on such a measure. | submission of an issue of public importance to the direct vote of the electorate | a vote on such a measure | a poll of the members of a club, union, or other group to determine their views on some matter | a diplomatic official's note to his government requesting instructions



to dispose of (personal property, especially money) by last will: She bequeathed her half of the company to her niece. | to hand down; pass on. | Obsolete. to commit; entrust. | (law) to dispose of (property, esp personal property) by will Compare devise (sense 2) | to hand down; pass on, as to following generations



(usually lowercase) a person devoted to luxury and pleasure. | an inhabitant of Sybaris. | (sometimes capital) a devotee of luxury and the sensual vices | luxurious; sensuous | a native or inhabitant of the ancient Greek colony of Sybaris



of or pertaining to taste or tasting.



using or showing judgment as to action or practical expediency; discreet, prudent, or politic: judicious use of one's money. | having, exercising, or characterized by good or discriminating judgment; wise, sensible, or well-advised: a judicious selection of documents. | having or proceeding from good judgment



large or bulky of body; portly; stout; fat. | physically bulky; fat



the science or philosophy of law. | a body or system of laws. | a department of law: medical jurisprudence. | Civil Law. decisions of courts, especially of reviewing tribunals. | the science or philosophy of law | a system or body of law | a branch of law: medical jurisprudence



a fictitious prose narrative of considerable length and complexity, portraying characters and usually presenting a sequential organization of action and scenes. | (formerly) novella (def 1). | of a new kind; different from anything seen or known before: a novel idea. | Roman Law.

an imperial enactment subsequent and supplementary to an imperial compilation and codification of authoritative legal materials.

Usually, Novels. imperial enactments subsequent to the promulgation of Justinian's Code and supplementary to it: one of the four divisions of the Corpus Juris Civilis. | Civil Law. an amendment to a statute. | an extended work in prose, either fictitious or partly so, dealing with character, action, thought, etc, esp in the form of a story | the novel, the literary genre represented by novels | (usually pl) (obsolete) a short story or novella, as one of those in the Decameron of Boccaccio | of a kind not seen before; fresh; new; original: a novel suggestion | (Roman law) a new decree or an amendment to an existing statute See also Novels



to send or consign to an inferior position, place, or condition: He has been relegated to a post at the fringes of the diplomatic service. | to consign or commit (a matter, task, etc.), as to a person: He relegates the less pleasant tasks to his assistant. | to assign or refer (something) to a particular class or kind. | to send into exile; banish. | to move to a position of less authority, importance, etc; demote | (usually passive) (mainly Brit) to demote (a football team, etc) to a lower division | to assign or refer (a matter) to another or others, as for action or decision | (foll by to) to banish or exile | to assign (something) to a particular group or category |



inclined to silence; reserved in speech; reluctant to join in conversation. | dour, stern, and silent in expression and manner. | habitually silent, reserved, or uncommunicative; not inclined to conversation



a person who shows zeal. | an excessively zealous person; fanatic. | (initial capital letter) a member of a radical, warlike, ardently patriotic group of Jews in Judea, particularly prominent from a.d. 69 to 81, advocating the violent overthrow of Roman rule and vigorously resisting the efforts of the Romans and their supporters to heathenize the Jews. | an immoderate, fanatical, or extremely zealous adherent to a cause, esp a religious one | any of the members of an extreme Jewish sect or political party that resisted all aspects of Roman rule in Palestine in the 1st century ad



of, pertaining to, or having the form of a beast : the belief that a person could assume bestial form after death; the bestial signs of the zodiac. | without reason or intelligence; brutal; inhuman: bestial treatment of prisoners. | beastlike in gratifying one's sensual desires; carnal; debased. | brutal or savage | sexually depraved; carnal | lacking in refinement; brutish | of or relating to a beast



to draw or bend into folds or alternate furrows and ridges. | to wrinkle, as the skin or face. | Western U.S. to make irrigation ditches in (a field). | to become corrugated; undergo corrugation. | corrugated; wrinkled; furrowed. | (usually transitive) to fold or be folded into alternate furrows and ridges | folded into furrows and ridges; wrinkled



regarded as holy; venerated; sacred: Hallowed be Thy name; the hallowed saints; our hallowed political institutions. | to make holy; sanctify; consecrate. | to honor as holy; consider sacred; venerate: to hallow a battlefield. | hallo. | set apart as sacred | consecrated or holy | to consecrate or set apart as being holy | to venerate as being holy



of, pertaining to, endowed with, or affecting the sense of touch. | perceptible to the touch; tangible. | of, relating to, affecting, or having a sense of touch: a tactile organ, tactile stimuli | (rare) capable of being touched; tangible



the point on the celestial sphere vertically above a given position or observer. Compare nadir. | a highest point or state; culmination. | (astronomy) the point on the celestial sphere vertically above an observer | the highest point; peak; acme: the zenith of someone's achievements