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Flashcards in SAT 9 Deck (36):
1

Eclectic

selecting or choosing from various sources. | made up of what is selected from different sources. | not following any one system, as of philosophy, medicine, etc., but selecting and using what are considered the best elements of all systems. | noting or pertaining to works of architecture, decoration, landscaping, etc., produced by a certain person or during a certain period, that derive from a wide range of historic styles, the style in each instance often being chosen for its fancied appropriateness to local tradition, local geography, the purpose to be served, or the cultural background of the client. | Also, eclecticist [ih-klek-tuh-sist] /??kl?k t? s?st/ (Show IPA). a person who follows an eclectic method, as in philosophy or architecture. | (in art, philosophy, etc) selecting what seems best from various styles, doctrines, ideas, methods, etc | composed of elements drawn from a variety of sources, styles, etc | a person who favours an eclectic approach, esp in art or philosophy

2

Irascible

easily provoked to anger; very irritable: an irascible old man. | characterized or produced by anger: an irascible response. | easily angered; irritable | showing irritability: an irascible action

3

Rancor

bitter, rankling resentment or ill will; hatred; malice. | malicious resentfulness or hostility; spite

4

Voluble

characterized by a ready and continuous flow of words; fluent; glib; talkative: a voluble spokesman for the cause. | talking easily, readily, and at length; fluent | (archaic) easily turning or rotating, as on an axis | (rare) (of a plant) twining or twisting

5

Edifice

a building, especially one of large size or imposing appearance. | any large, complex system or organization. | a building, esp a large or imposing one | a complex or elaborate institution or organization

6

Germane

closely or significantly related; relevant; pertinent: Please keep your statements germane to the issue. | Obsolete. closely related. | (postpositive) usually foll by to. related (to the topic being considered); akin; relevant: an idea germane to the conversation

7

Ire

intense anger; wrath. | Ireland. | (literary) anger; wrath | Ireland

8

Munificent

extremely liberal in giving; very generous. | characterized by great generosity: a munificent bequest. | (of a person) very generous; bountiful | (of a gift) generous; liberal

9

Voluminous

forming, filling, or writing a large volume or many volumes : a voluminous edition. | sufficient to fill a volume or volumes : a voluminous correspondence. | of great volume, size, or extent: voluminous flow of lava. | of ample size, extent, or fullness: voluminous petticoats. | having many coils, convolutions, or windings. | of great size, quantity, volume, or extent | (of writing) consisting of or sufficient to fill volumes | prolific in writing or speech | (obsolete) winding |

10

Bastion

Fortification. a projecting portion of a rampart or fortification that forms an irregular pentagon attached at the base to the main work. | a fortified place. | anything seen as preserving or protecting some quality, condition, etc.: a bastion of solitude; a bastion of democracy. | a projecting work in a fortification designed to permit fire to the flanks along the face of the wall | any fortified place | a thing or person regarded as upholding or defending an attitude, principle, etc: the last bastion of opposition

11

Efface

to wipe out; do away with; expunge: to efface one's unhappy memories. | to rub out, erase, or obliterate (outlines, traces, inscriptions, etc.). | to make (oneself) inconspicuous; withdraw (oneself) modestly or shyly. | to obliterate or make dim: to efface a memory | to make (oneself) inconspicuous or humble through modesty, cowardice, or obsequiousness | to rub out (a line, drawing, etc); erase

12

Germinal

being in the earliest stage of development: germinal ideas. | of or pertaining to a germ or germs. | of the nature of a germ or germ cell. | (in the French Revolutionary calendar) the seventh month of the year, extending from March 21 to April 19. | (italics) a novel (1884) by Émile Zola. | of, relating to, or like germs or a germ cell | of, or in the earliest stage of development; embryonic | the month of buds: the seventh month of the French revolutionary calendar, from March 22 to April 20

13

Voracious

craving or consuming large quantities of food: a voracious appetite. | exceedingly eager or avid: voracious readers; a voracious collector. | devouring or craving food in great quantities | very eager or unremitting in some activity: voracious reading

14

Perspicacious

having keen mental perception and understanding; discerning: to exhibit perspicacious judgment. | Archaic. having keen vision. | acutely perceptive or discerning | (archaic) having keen eyesight

15

Substantiate

to establish by proof or competent evidence: to substantiate a charge. | to give substantial existence to: to substantiate an idea through action. | to affirm as having substance; give body to; strengthen: to substantiate a friendship. | to establish as valid or genuine | to give form or real existence to

16

Congeal

to change from a soft or fluid state to a rigid or solid state, as by cooling or freezing: The fat congealed on the top of the soup. | to curdle; coagulate, as a fluid. | to make or become fixed, as ideas, sentiments, or principles: Some philosophic systems lost their vitality and congealed. | to change or cause to change from a soft or fluid state to a firm or solid state | to form or cause to form into a coagulated mass; curdle; jell | (intransitive) (of ideas) to take shape or become fixed in form

17

Effusive

unduly demonstrative; lacking reserve: effusive greetings; an effusive person. | pouring out; overflowing. | Geology, extrusive (def 3). | extravagantly demonstrative of emotion; gushing | (of rock) formed by the solidification of magma

18

Perspicacity

keenness of mental perception and understanding; discernment; penetration. | Archaic. keen vision.

19

Beguile

to decrease in strength, intensity, etc.: Daylight waned, and night came on. Her enthusiasm for the cause is waning. | to decline in power, importance, prosperity, etc.: Colonialism began to wane after World War II. | to draw to a close; approach an end: Summer is waning. | (of the moon) to decrease periodically in the extent of its illuminated portion after the full moon. Compare wax2(def 2). | a gradual decrease or decline in strength, intensity, power, etc. | the drawing to a close of life, an era, a period, etc. | the waning of the moon. | a period of waning. | a defect in a plank or board characterized by bark or insufficient wood at a corner or along an edge, due to the curvature of the log. | on the wane, decreasing; diminishing: The popularity of that song is on the wane.

20

Congenital

of or pertaining to a condition present at birth, whether inherited or caused by the environment, especially the uterine environment. | having by nature a specified character: a congenital fool. | denoting or relating to any nonhereditary condition, esp an abnormal condition, existing at birth: congenital blindness | (informal) complete, as if from birth: a congenital idiot

21

Nebulous

hazy, vague, indistinct, or confused: a nebulous recollection of the meeting; a nebulous distinction between pride and conceit. | cloudy or cloudlike. | of or resembling a nebula or nebulae; nebular. | lacking definite form, shape, or content; vague or amorphous: nebulous reasons | of, characteristic of, or resembling a nebula | (rare) misty or hazy

22

Pertinent

pertaining or relating directly and significantly to the matter at hand; relevant: pertinent details. | relating to the matter at hand; relevant

23

Subtle

thin, tenuous, or rarefied, as a fluid or an odor. | fine or delicate in meaning or intent; difficult to perceive or understand: subtle irony. | delicate or faint and mysterious: a subtle smile. | requiring mental acuteness, penetration, or discernment: a subtle philosophy. | characterized by mental acuteness or penetration: a subtle understanding. | cunning, wily, or crafty: a subtle liar. | insidious in operation: subtle poison. | skillful, clever, or ingenious: a subtle painter. | not immediately obvious or comprehensible | difficult to detect or analyse, often through being delicate or highly refined: a subtle scent

24

Belabor

to explain, worry about, or work at (something) repeatedly or more than is necessary: He kept belaboring the point long after we had agreed. | to assail persistently, as with scorn or ridicule: a book that belabors the provincialism of his contemporaries. | to beat vigorously; ply with heavy blows. | Obsolete. to labor at. | to beat severely; thrash | to attack verbally; criticize harshly | an obsolete word for labour

25

Recant

to withdraw or disavow (a statement, opinion, etc.), especially formally; retract. | to withdraw or disavow a statement, opinion, etc., especially formally. | to repudiate or withdraw (a former belief or statement), esp formally in public

26

Consecrate

to make or declare sacred; set apart or dedicate to the service of a deity: to consecrate a new church building. | to make (something) an object of honor or veneration; hallow: a custom consecrated by time. | to devote or dedicate to some purpose: a life consecrated to science. | to admit or ordain to a sacred office, especially to the episcopate. | to change (bread and wine) into the Eucharist. | consecrated; sacred. | to make or declare sacred or holy; sanctify | to dedicate (one's life, time, etc) to a specific purpose | to ordain (a bishop) | (Christianity) to sanctify (bread and wine) for the Eucharist to be received as the body and blood of Christ

27

Egress

the act or an instance of going, especially from an enclosed place. | a means or place of going out; an exit. | the right or permission to go out. | Astronomy, emersion (def 1). | to go out; emerge. | Also called egression. the act of going or coming out; emergence | a way out, such as a path; exit | the right or permission to go out or depart | (astronomy) another name for emersion (sense 2) | to go forth; issue

28

Gratis

without charge or payment; free: The manufacturer provided an extra set of coat buttons gratis. | free; gratuitous. | (postpositive) without payment; free of charge

29

Itinerant

traveling from place to place, especially on a circuit, as a minister, judge, or sales representative; itinerating; journeying. | characterized by such traveling: itinerant preaching. | working in one place for a comparatively short time and then moving on to work in another place, usually as a physical or outdoor laborer; characterized by alternating periods of working and wandering: an itinerant farm hand. | a person who alternates between working and wandering. | a person who travels from place to place, especially for duty or business. | itinerating | working for a short time in various places, esp as a casual labourer | an itinerant worker or other person

30

Succinct

expressed in few words; concise; terse. | characterized by conciseness or verbal brevity. | compressed into a small area, scope, or compass. | Archaic. drawn up, as by a girdle. close-fitting. encircled, as by a girdle. | marked by brevity and clarity; concise | compressed into a small area | (archaic) encircled by or as if by a girdle drawn up tightly; closely fitting

31

Belie

to show to be false; contradict: His trembling hands belied his calm voice. | to misrepresent: The newspaper belied the facts. | to act unworthily according to the standards of (a tradition, one's ancestry, one's faith, etc.). | Archaic. to lie about; slander. | to show to be untrue; contradict | to misrepresent; disguise the nature of: the report belied the real extent of the damage | to fail to justify; disappoint

32

Gratuitous

given, done, bestowed, or obtained without charge or payment; free; voluntary. | being without apparent reason, cause, or justification: a gratuitous insult. | Law. given without receiving any return value. | given or received without payment or obligation | without cause; unjustified | (law) given or made without receiving any value in return: a gratuitous agreement

33

Receptacle

a container, device, etc., that receives or holds something: a receptacle for trash. | Botany. the modified or expanded portion of the stem or axis that bears the organs of a single flower or the florets of a flower head. | Electricity. a contact device installed at an outlet for the connection of a portable lamp, appliance, or other electric device by means of a plug and flexible cord. | an object that holds something; container | (botany) the enlarged or modified tip of the flower stalk that bears the parts of the flower the shortened flattened stem bearing the florets of the capitulum of composite flowers such as the daisy the part of lower plants that bears the reproductive organs or spores

34

Elucidate

to make lucid or clear; throw light upon; explain: an explanation that elucidated his recent strange behavior. Synonyms: clarify, illuminate. | to provide clarification; explain. Synonyms: clarify, clear up, illustrate. | to make clear (something obscure or difficult); clarify

35

Neologism

a new word, meaning, usage, or phrase. | the introduction or use of new words or new senses of existing words. | a new doctrine, especially a new interpretation of sacred writings. | Psychiatry. a new word, often consisting of a combination of other words, that is understood only by the speaker: occurring most often in the speech of schizophrenics. | a newly coined word, or a phrase or familiar word used in a new sense | the practice of using or introducing neologisms | (rare) a tendency towards adopting new views, esp rationalist views, in matters of religion

36

Supercilious

haughtily disdainful or contemptuous, as a person or a facial expression. | displaying arrogant pride, scorn, or indifference