Flashcards in Science 2nd Semester Deck (69):
Energy transferred in sun rays or waves
Movement within a fluid ( circulates heat )
Movement of air toward WATER from LAND
Solar radiation warms the land more than the water
Moving air and water when the Earth rotates
Water forming clouds
Rain, Snow, Hail
Water in the ground😄😏
Land by water
Lakes, streams, rivers that drain to one source
Where on Earth is atmospheric pressure the greatest?
Near the surface (troposphere)
The molecules are dense at the surface
What are the percentages of gases in the atmosphere?
What is the function of the ozone layer
It keeps out the Suns harmful rays
How does co^2 enter the atmosphere?
Breathing, deforestation, pollution, burning fossil fuels
What Earth surface change can occur because of deforestation?
What are three thing that can happen when the sun hits the atmosphere?
Some energy is reflected back
Some is absorbed
Some is trapped in the atmosphere
What causes giant loops of air?
Unequal heating on Earth surface
Where do the sun's rays strike earth most directly?
On the Equator
What causes land a sea breezes?
Land warms faster than water
What creates wind patterns on the surface?
Low and high pressure
The state of the atmosphere
A large body of air similar temp and precip
Measures atmospheric pressure
A boundary between two air masses of different density
Weather is the interaction of sun, water and ...
What causes change in weather?
Air masses move and meet
What is the name of wind based on?
It comes from the Northeast.
It come North to East
How do weather patterns move across the U.S?
From West to East
What is weather like in high pressure?
Fair weather, no clouds
Molecules are tightly packed
What is weather like in low pressure?
Cloudy, rainy, stormy
Molecules are unbalanced
Weather patterns and conditions in an area
The place north or south of the equator
One extra day in February every 4 years
Equal amounts of day/night
Equal amounts of day/night
Marks onset of summer
June 24 longest day of daylight
The Earth's natural heating process
A natural fuel
Coal, oil, natural gas
Clearing of trees
Two atoms join together to form a helium nucleus.
Energy is released
Happens at sun
What two factor influence climate?
Large bodies of water
Large bodies of water influence what on land?
Temperature and Precipitation
What location on Earth receives the most solar radiation?
Seasons are caused by what?
The Earth's tilt
What would happen if the earth was not tilted?
There would be no seasons
What gas increases the greenhouse effect?
What can a single cell organism do?
Can't organize to make tissues for organs
Why do cells have different shapes?
Because they have different functions
What is the major difference between animal and plant cells?
Plant cells can make their own food
Directs all cell activities
The inner cell substance
The outer shell of an animal cell
The outer shell of a plant cell
Made of cellulose
Carries out photosynthesis
Where cell repair happens
Powerhouse of cell
Define the process of diffusion
Particles move from high concentration to low
How you smell Doritos from a distance
Movement of water
Peanuts, meats, beans
Builds muscle and repairs tissue
Where does photosynthesis take place?
Oxygen exits through a...
What are 3 advantages of asexual reproduction?
No other cell needed
What is passed down in sexual reproduction?
After the process of meiosis, how many chromosomes does each cell have?