Flashcards in Science Chp. 2 vocabulary: Cells Deck (36)
The basic unit of structure and function in living things
An instrument that makes small objects look large
A widely accepted explanation of relations between cells and living things
A rigid supporting layer that surrounds the cells plants and other organisms
A thin, flexible barrier that surrounds a cell and controls which substances pass in and out of the cell
A large, oval organelle that contains the cells genetic material in the form of DNA and controls many of the cells activity (Basically the control panel)
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function in the cell.
A small, grain shaped organelle in the cytoplasm of a cell that produces protein.
The thick fluid region of a cell located inside the cell membrane in prokaryotic. Between cell membrane and nucleus in eukaryotic.
Rod-shaped organelles that convert energy in food molecules to energy the cell can use to carry out functions
An organelle that forms a maze of passage ways in which protein and other materials are carried from one part of the cell to the other
An organelle in a cell that receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum, packages them, and distributes it to the other parts of the cell.
A sac-like organelle that stores water, food, and other materials. (Storage area)
An organelle in cells of plants and some other organisms that capture energy from the sun and changes it to energy form that cells can use in making food.
A cell organelle that contains chemicals that break down large food particles into smaller ones that can be used by the rest of the cell
Consisting of many cells
Made of a single cell
A group of similar cells that perform specific functions
A body structure that is composed of different kinds of tissues that work together
A group of organs that work together to perform major functions
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substances by chemical or physical change
A substance made of two or more elements chemically combined in a specific ratio or proportion.
An energy-rich organic compound such as sugar or starch , that is made of the elements carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
An energy-rich organic compound, such as fat, oil, or wax, that is made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Large organic molecules made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sometimes sulfur.
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in living things.
A very large organic molecule made of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and phosphorus, that contains the instructions cells need to carry out all the functions of life.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid; The genetic material that carries information about an organism and is passed from parent to offspring
The shape of a DNA molecule