Flashcards in Science--Classification Deck (36):
How many kinds of organisms have been identified?
Over one million
What do biologists organize living things into so they are easier to study?
What is classification?
The process of grouping things based on their similarities.
The scientific study of how living things are classified.
What is a taxonomist?
A scientist who studies and classifies the diversity of life.
What scientist created the system for naming organisms that is still used today?
What did Linnaeus base his groups of organisms on?
What did Linnaeus give each organism?
A two-part scientific name
What is binomial nomenclature?
A two-part naming system created by Linnaeus
What makes up an organism's scientific name?
Genus and species
What does Homo sapien mean?
A grouping based on similar, closely-related organisms
Give an example of a Genus
Felis - house cats, pumas, and marbled cats.
A group of similar organisms that can mate with each other and produce offspring that can mate and reproduce
What is the scientific name of a Puma?
What is the scientific name of a marbled cat?
What is the scientific name of a house cat?
How are scientific names written?
1 - italics 2 - only the first letter of the first word is capitalized
What language is used in classification?
What are 3 common names for a Marmota monax
(1) Woodchuck (2) Groundhog (3) Whistle Pig
What is the mnemonic for the 8 levels of classification
Did King Philip Come Over For Good Soup
What are the 8 levels of classification
Domain Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species
What are 3 domains?
Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
What is the kingdom under bacteria?
What is the kingdom under archaea?
What are the 4 kingdoms under Eukarya?
Protista, Plantae, Fungi, Animalia
What are all bacteria?
What is a prokaryote?
An organism without a nucleus
What does Archaea mean in Greek?
What are archaea?
Tiny organisms that thrive in extreme environments such as hot springs, very salty water and cow intestines
What is a eukaryote?
Organisms with cells that contain a nucleus.
Which domain contains cells with nuclei?