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Flashcards in Science--Classification Deck (36):
1

How many kinds of organisms have been identified?

Over one million

2

What do biologists organize living things into so they are easier to study?

Groups

3

What is classification?

The process of grouping things based on their similarities.

4

Define taxonomy

The scientific study of how living things are classified.

5

What is a taxonomist?

A scientist who studies and classifies the diversity of life.

6

What scientist created the system for naming organisms that is still used today?

Carolus Linnaeus

7

What did Linnaeus base his groups of organisms on?

Observable features

8

What did Linnaeus give each organism?

A two-part scientific name

9

What is binomial nomenclature?

A two-part naming system created by Linnaeus

10

Define binomial

Two names

11

Define Nomenclature

Naming system

12

What makes up an organism's scientific name?

Genus and species

13

House cat

Felis domesticus

14

What does Homo sapien mean?

Wise man

15

Define Genus

A grouping based on similar, closely-related organisms

16

Give an example of a Genus

Felis - house cats, pumas, and marbled cats.

17

Define Species

A group of similar organisms that can mate with each other and produce offspring that can mate and reproduce

18

What is the scientific name of a Puma?

Felis concolor

19

What is the scientific name of a marbled cat?

Felis marmorata

20

What is the scientific name of a house cat?

Felis domesticus

21

How are scientific names written?

1 - italics 2 - only the first letter of the first word is capitalized

22

What language is used in classification?

Latin

23

What are 3 common names for a Marmota monax

(1) Woodchuck (2) Groundhog (3) Whistle Pig

24

What is the mnemonic for the 8 levels of classification

Did King Philip Come Over For Good Soup

25

What are the 8 levels of classification

Domain Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species

26

What are 3 domains?

Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya

27

What is the kingdom under bacteria?

Eubacteria

28

What is the kingdom under archaea?

Archaea

29

What are the 4 kingdoms under Eukarya?

Protista, Plantae, Fungi, Animalia

30

What are all bacteria?

Prokaryotes

31

What is a prokaryote?

An organism without a nucleus

32

What does Archaea mean in Greek?

Ancient

33

What are archaea?

Tiny organisms that thrive in extreme environments such as hot springs, very salty water and cow intestines

34

What is a eukaryote?

Organisms with cells that contain a nucleus.

35

Which domain contains cells with nuclei?

Eukarya

36

Which two domains contain cells without nuclei?

Bacteria, archaea