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Flashcards in Science Winter Final Deck (50):
1

Viscosity

Resistance of a fluid

2

Boyles law

If the pressure rises, the volume goes down

3

Amontons law

In a closed Container, if the pressure rises, so does the temperature

4

What are the four states of matter

Solids, gas, liquid, plasma

5

Energy

Power derived from the utilization of physical or chemical resources; E = mc 2

6

Molecule

Smallest particle in a chemical compound

7

Theory

And explanation for the results of an experiment

8

Hypothesis

An idea which is tested through experimentation

9

Law

A statement based on experimental observations

10

Control

Variable which stays the same in an experiment

11

Dependent variable

What is affected and measured in an experiment

12

Sir Humphrey Davy

1778-1829; mentor to Michael Faraday; discovered potassium and sodium

13

Independent variable

Variable manipulated to determine dependent variables

14

Nano

One billionth

15

Liter

One kilogram of water

16

Meter

Fundamental unit of length; one 10 millionth the distance from the equator to the North Pole

17

Product

A substance produced in a chemical process

18

Reactant

A substance that undergoes change in a chemical reaction

19

Volume

Amount of space which a substance occupies

20

Meniscus

The top, curved part of a liquid

21

SI unit

System international; basic metric units

22

Chemical reaction

When something is produced

23

Mass

Amount of matter in an object

24

Density

Mass divided by volume

25

Displacement

The amount of volume moved

26

Quantitative

Measured by quantity

27

Qualitative

Measured by quality

28

Atom

Basic unit of a chemical element

29

Micro

1 millionth

30

Mili

One thousandth

31

Centi

One hundredth

32

Kilo

× 1000

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Gram

One thousandth of a kilogram

34

Albert Einstein

1879-1955; E = mc 2; discovered that the theory of relativity

35

Lisa Meitner

1878-1968; split the first atom

36

Emilie Duchatelier

1706-1749; found velocity has a bigger impact than mass

37

Antoine Lavoiser

1743-1794; found that in a closed system no mass is to be lost or gained; executed by guillotine

38

Michael Faraday

1791-1867; bookbinders apprentice who discovered most of magnetism and energy

39

Vaporization

Conversion of a solid or liquid to a gas

40

Temperature

Degree of hotness or coolness

41

Sublimation

Solid to gas

42

Melting

Solid to liquid

43

Freezing

Liquids to solids

44

Evaporation

Water to gas

45

Deposition

Gas to solid

46

Condensation

Gas to liquid

47

Pressure

The force one region puts on another

48

Charles Law

If heat is added, volume increases

49

Kinetic theory of matter

Molecules in matter are in constant motion

50

Kinetic energy

Energy created by motion