Screening and Symmetry Flashcards Preview

OPP-1 > Screening and Symmetry > Flashcards

Flashcards in Screening and Symmetry Deck (18):
1

What does a screening test evaluate?

1. early disease or risk factors for disease in large numbers of appearing healthy individuals

2

What does a diagnostic test evaluate?

1. presence or absence of disease as a basis for Tx decisions

3

What type of screening features fall under palpatory?

1. tissue texture changes

2. asymmetry

3. restrictions

4. tenderness

4

What are some visual screening techniques?

1. gait 2. landmark 3. posture 4. range of motion

5

Where are the lordotic curves located in human spines?

1. cervical 2. lumbar 3. appears convex if viewed from anterior

6

Where is the kyphotic curvature of the spine?

1. thoracic 2. sacral (not necessarily viewable)

7

Describe side bending.

1. rotation occurring in coronal plane about the anterior-posterior transverse axis

8

Describe translation.

1. Occurs in a coronal plan with shifted center of mass. body compensates by side bending in order to maintain original center of mass

9

What is Fryette's third Law?

1. initiating motion of a vertebral segment in any plane of motion will modify the movement of that segment in other planes of motion

10

What is the Fryette's first law?

1. when thoracic and lumbar spine are in a neutral position, the coupled motions of side-bending and rotation for a group of vertebrae are such that side-bending and rotation occur in opposite directions

11

What is Fryette's second law?

1. When thoracic and lumbar spine is sufficiently forward or backward bent, the coupled motions of side-bending and rotation in a single vertebral unit occur in the same direction.

12

What is TART?

1. Tissue texture changes 2. Asymmetry 3. Restriction 4. Tenderness

13

What are the stages of teh Stance phase of gait?

  1. heelstrike
  2. footflat
  3. midstance
  4. push-off

14

What are the stages of gait with respect to swing phase?

  1. acceleration
  2. midswing
  3. deceleration

15

Describe the lateral landmarks to evaluate when watching for posture position.

  1. external auditory canal
  2. head of humerus
  3. body of LV3
  4. anterior 1/3 of the sacral base
  5. greater trochanter (femoral head)
  6. epicondyle of knee
  7. lateral malleolus

16

What is sidebending?

  1. Rotation in the coronal plane about an A-P axis.

17

What is translation?

  1. The act of moving a vertebral body laterally within the coronal plane and inducing side bending (indirectly) opposite the direction of translation.
  2. Translation shifts COM, and body sidebends to re-gain the initial COM.

18

What is Dr. Stiles Screening test for AGR?

  1. induces extension, sidebending and rotation (same side) with translation to screen for any areas of spine that may have somatic dysfunction.
  2. able to use from occiput to sacrum
  3. utilizes thumb and thenar eminance