Section 1 - Chapter 20 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Section 1 - Chapter 20 Deck (22):
1

police power

state's inherent authority to create regulations for public safety

2

master plan

long-term guide for planning for change for local offices of government counties, etc

3

zoning

regulatory tool that helps communities regulate how land is used for protection of public health and safety

4

enabling acts...

allow municipal governments their zoning ordinances

5

"taking"

when land taken for public use through eminent domain, owner must be compensated

6

inverse condemnation

property owner seeking just compensation for land taken where taker isn't doing eminent domain and owner's property value is reduced

7

nonconforming use

a lot or improvement that existed before zoning laws changed

8

conditional-use permit (or special-use)

allow non-conforming but related land uses

9

variances (exception)

permit prohibited land uses to avoid undue hardship - these "run with the land" and extend to future owners

10

building codes

construction standards when building or repairing buildings

11

occupancy permit

allows people to inhabit a building

12

subdivider

person who buys undeveloped acreage and divides it into smaller lots

13

developer

(who may also be a subdivider) improves the land, constructs buildings, and sells

14

land development plan

subdivider must create a plan before subdividing

15

plat

a detailed map showing geographic boundaries of individual lots

16

subdivisions are divided by

blocks (an area of land) and lots (smaller parts of the block)

17

density zoning

maximum homes in an area

18

gross density

the max units is at or below maximum density

19

street patterns

gridiron and curvilinear (using clustering opens up more space)

20

restrictive covenants

restrictions put up by former owner of property, not government

21

convenants, conditions, restrictions

private rules set up by developer that set standards for all parcels in the subdivision

22

interstate land sales full disclosure act

federal regulation of interstate land sales