Section 1: Skeletal System at a glance. Chapter 4: Musculoskeletal System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Section 1: Skeletal System at a glance. Chapter 4: Musculoskeletal System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Section 1: Skeletal System at a glance. Chapter 4: Musculoskeletal System Deck (59):
1

Function

The skeletal system consists of 206 bones that make up the internal framework of the body, called the skeleton.

2

Skeleton

Skeleton

The skeleton supports the body, protects internal organs, serves as a point of attachment for skeletal muscles for body movement, produces blood cells, and stores minerals.

3

Organs
(bones, joints)?

Organs

group of different types of tissue coming together to perform special functions.
.
Example, the heart contains muscular fibers, nerve tissue,and blood vessels.

4

Combining Forms

Combining forms

the root word plus the combining vowel.
It is always written with a / between the word root and the combining vowel.

5

ankyl/o

ankyl/o

stiff joint

6

arthr/o

arthr/o

joint

7

articul/o

articul/o

joint

8

burs/o

burs/o

sac

9

carp/o

carp/o

wrist

10

cervic/o

cervic/o

neck

11

chondr/o

chondr/o

cartilage

12

clavicul/o

clavicul/o

coccyx

13

cortic/o

cortic/o

outer portion

14

cost/o

cost/o

rib

15

crani/o

crani/o

skull

16

femer/o

femer/o

femur

17

fibul/o

fibul/o

fibula

18

humer/o

humer/o

humerus

19

ili/o

ili/o

ilium

20

ischi/o

ischi/o

ischium

21

kyph/o

kyph/o

hump

22

lamin/o

lamin/o

lamina, part of vertebra

23

lord/o

lord/o

bent backwards

24

lumb/o

lumb/o

loin

25

mandibul/o

mandibul/o

mandible

26

maxill/o

maxill/o

maxilla

27

medull/o

medull/o

inner portion

28

metacarp/o

metacarp/o

metacarpals

29

metatars/o

metatars/o

metatarsals

30

myel/o

myel/o

bone marrow, spinal cord

31

orth/o

orth/o

straight

32

oste/o

oste/o

bone

33

patell/o

patell/o

parella

34

ped/o

ped/o

child, foot

35

pelv/o

pelv/o

pelvis

36

phalang/o

phalang/o

phalanges

37

pod/o

pod/o

foot

38

pub/o

pub/o

pubis

39

radi/o

radi/o

radius

40

sacr/o

sacr/o

sacrum

41

scapul/o

scapul/o

scapula

42

scoli/o

scoli/o

crooked, bent

43

spondyl/o

spondyl/o

vertebrae

44

stern/o

stern/o

sternum

45

synovi/o

synovi/o

synovial membrane

46

synov/o

synov/o

synovial membrane

47

tars/o

tars/o

ankle

48

thorac/o

thorac/o

chest

49

tibi/o

tibi/o

tibia

50

uln/o

uln/o

ulna

51

vertebr/o

vertebra

52

Suffixes

Suffix

A word part attached to the end of the word.

It frequently indicates a condition, disease, or procedure.

Almost all medical terms have a suffix.

53

-blast

-blast

immature, embryonic

54

-clasia

-clasia

to surgically break

55

-desis

-desis

stabilize, fuse

56

--listhesis

-listhesis

slipping

57

-porosis

-porosis

porous

58

Thoracic Vertebrea

Thoracic

vertebrea (T11)

59

Lumber Vertebrea

Lumber Vertebrea

(L4)